Neil's Website | Ajit's Website


Part 11 - A Study on the first three Chapters in Revelation

These seven letters we have examined follow a set pattern of writing. There are Seven Key Elements in each letter . They are:

1. The meaning of the name of the church being addressed;

2. The title of Jesus, the author of the letter, each chosen relevant to the message to that particular church;

3. The commendation of the Church- Their strong points and merits;

4. The reproof and rebuke of things they failed in;

5. The exhortation and counsel specific to the condition of the particular church; relevant to the geography and history of the city;

6. The promise to the "overcomer";

7. The concluding phrase, "He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith to the churches."

The Meaning of Names

Ephesus: The Desired One: full purposed
Smyna: Myrrh; Offering of Sacrifice
Pergamos: MuchMarried; Adultrous
Thyatira:  Sacrifice of Labor
Sardis: Remnant
Philadelphia: Brotherly Love
Laodicea: Justice to People; Judgement
Thoug these names are actual geographical names of the churches referred to, the characteristics of the churches are represented in the meanings themselves. They are also prophetic in terms of the dispensational approach.

Titles that Jesus uses

General Title: I am the First and the Last.I am the Living One; I was dead, and behold I am alive for ever and ever! And I hold the keys of death and Hades.

Ephesus: who holdsthe seven stars in his right hand and walks among the seven golden lampstands
Smyna: the First and the Last, who died and came back to life again.
Pergamos: who has the sharp double-edged sword
Thyatira:  Son of God, whose eyes are like blazing fire and whose feet are like burnished bronze.
Sardis: who holds seven spirits of God and the seven stars.
Philadelphia: who is holy and true, who holds the key of David. One who opens the door which no one can shut.
Laodicea: the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the ruler of Godís creation.


Ephesus: deeds, hard work, perseverance, endured hardship, did not tolerate wicked men
Smyna: through affliction and poverty did not leave faith
Pergamos: among the satanists kept the faith and did not renounce faith
Thyatira:  deeds, love and faith, service and perseverance
Sardis: deeds
Philadelphia: deeds, kept the word, did not deny my name
Laodicea: deeds


Ephesus: forsaken their first love
Pergamos: teaching of Balaam 

teaching of Nicolaitans

Thyatira:  tolerates Jezebel
Sardis: dead
Laodicea: neither hot nor cold and is lukewarm


Ephesus: remember your first love 

repent and do the things you did first

Smyna: be faithful to the point of death
Pergamos: repent, otherwise I will come and fight against them
Thyatira:  hold on to what you have until I come
Sardis: Remember what you have received and heard; obey it and repent
Philadelphia: Hold on to what you have
Laodicea: nuy from me gold refined in fire so you cn be rich;and white clothes to wear, so you can cover your nakedness; and slave to put on your eyes so that you can see

Promise to the overcomers

Ephesus: I will give the right to eat from the tree of life which is in the paradise of God.
Smyna: Will not be hurt at all by the second death.
Pergamos: I will give some of the hidden manna, I will also give him a white stone with a new name written on it, known only to him who recieves it.
Thyatira:  I will give him the authority over the nations. 

I will give him the morning star.

Sardis: They will walk walk with me , dressed in white. 

I will never blot out his name from the book of life, but will acknowledge him before my Father and his anngels.

Philadelphia: I will make him a pillar in the temple of my God. 

Never again will they leave it.

I will write on him the name of my God, the new Jerusalem, which is coming down from heaven from my God; 

I will also wrie ton him my new name.

Laodicea: I will give the right to sit with me on my throne.

Corresponding Dispensation Age and the Parable

Ephesus: Apostolic Period: sowing of the seeds 

till 100 AD

Smyna: Persecution Period 

Parable of the Weeds

Pergamos: State Church Period 

Parable of Mustard Seed

Thyatira:  Period of Heresy 

Parable of the Leaven

Sardis: Reformation Period 

Parable of the Hidden Treasure

Philadelphia: Missionaary Period 

Parable of the Great Pearl

Laodicea: End time Apostate Church Period 

The Parable of the Drag Net

I will be dealing with this aspect in another series of articles.