CHAPTER ONE: EARLY
CHAPTER TWO: AMBROSE,
BISHOP OF MILAN
CHAPTER THREE: AMBROSE THE
“HAMMER OF ARIANISM.”
CHAPTER FOUR: ATTITUDE TO
CHAPTER FIVE: THE CHURCH
OVER THE STATE
CHAPTER SIX: LATER
YEARS AND DEATH
CHAPTER SEVEN: DOCTRINES AND
CHAPTER EIGHT: WRITINGS
CHAPTER NINE: SAINT
AMBROSE, THE FATHER OF WESTERN HYMNODY
CHAPTER TEN: HAGIOGRAPHY
CHAPTER ELEVEN: ICONOGRAPHY OF
CHAPTER TWELVE: THE BASILICA OF ST. AMBROSE
Ambrose is exactly represented by the bees.
It is said that when he was a baby a swarm of bees covered his face.
They flew in and out of his mouth, leaving honey on his tongue. Soon they
flew away so high that they could no longer be seen. Since then he was a smooth talker so that
even his enemies could not be angry with him. He is still known as the
"Honey-Tongued Doctor," a pun on the saint's name (the word for
honey in Latin is ambrosia); his preaching was said to be mellifluous, as
sweet as flowing honey.
was one of those", says St. Augustine, "who speak the truth, and
speak it well, judiciously, pointedly, and with beauty and power of
expression" (De doct. christ., iv,21).Like the
honey bee, he will stand on his principles even against the emperors of his
time. Can you imagine a bishop excommunicating
Finally he in actuality brought the emperor to his knees for
forgiveness. Remember a generation ago, these
emperors were feeding the Christians to the lions for fun. But it was all
accomplished by the tongue. Ambrose wrote to the emperor:
"I exhort, I beg, I entreat, I admonish you, because it is grief to me
that the perishing of so many innocent is no grief to you," he wrote.
"And now I call on you to repent." He forbade the emperor to
attend worship until he prostrated himself at the altar. In the end the
emperor died in the arms of this bishop.
was a voracious reader, with the uncanny ability to read with his mouth
shut - a skill which was rare in those days of rarity of books. His wisdom and understanding is evidently
seen in his volumes of writings - at a time when typewriters and computers
were unknown. Probably early doctrines of Christianity were formed along
with the rituals and chantings started with this
he is given the title of the Doctor of the Church by the Catholic Church.