Theosis (Greek for "becoming divine", Deification; to become
gods by grace) leads to reconciliation and union with God
achieved through a relationship or synergy between God and
humanity. Union with God is not based on fusion (in a
physical sense) but on free will. Since God created us with
free will and all that is created by God is good, we have
the potential to experience this union in all aspects of
life (I.E. work, school, friendships, relationships,
conversations, human interactions, prayers etc.).
Theosis should not be understood as a philosophical theory
but is grounded in scripture, tradition and the writings of
the early Christian writers. Here we will look at the
various sciptures that indicate the origin of the concept of
the doctrine of Theosis
following scripture passages summarizes Theosis:
all men have been subjected to death and defeat even though
we are all the children of the most high God. The reason is
obvious. Given the freedom of will to choose, Adam the
first man, the son of God choose to disobey God and as a
result brought in ego based self centered life pattern which
will only bring suffering for the whole creation. In his
mercy the Most High decreed and blessed Adamic race sleep
until mankind can be redeemed from this choice and be
brought back to life and then eternally. This process of
redemption is the path of theosis - getting back as sons of
Psalm 82:6 states, “I said, ‘You are gods, And all of you
are sons of the Most High.’”
The context of the passage shows God
(Heb. אְֶלֹהִים) taking
his stand amid those who were rulers (Heb.
) in His congregation. God is upset with the conduct of
these individuals due to their injustice and partiality in
either mistreating the innocent and vindicating the wicked
(vv. 2-3). As a result they will die inspite of having the
status of gods.
taught that Psalm 82:6 though quoted from the Old Testament
referring to the people of Israel - the evil judges of
Israel - is by allegory and typology applicable to the
Church who are the representation of the Son of God within
the Elohim. Father, Son ,and the Holy Spirit speaks to the
Church that until they have reached perfection and the full
adoption, they will die like Adam. Athanasius also follow
the same argument. This is typical of any Old Testament
reference which are used by the Early Fathers. Many
scholars hence use this to disregard this quotation as
sufficient for the Theosis doctrine. But then this is not
the only verse on which the doctrine stands. It certainly
supports the idea.
such definite statement from the New Testament is the
genealogy of Jesus in the gospel of Luke.
Adam, son of God
Luke 3:23-38 goes in this stages Jesus, Son of David, Son of
Abraham, Son of Adam, Son of God”
This addition was not really called for unless Luke really
wanted to emphansize that Jesus was the Son of God as one in
trinity was in genealogy the son of Adam who was the son of
God to begin with. Thus Paul calls Jesus the Second Adam.
Here there is no other interpretation possible - Adam was
the son of God, unless Luke made a blunder. If this is
true, all mankind form children of God.
“Neverthless God decreed that all the children of Adam and
Adam should die. What most people do not realize was that,
it was the love of God that led God to confer death on
mankind. I have dealt with this in my book “Love that will
not let me go”
in John 10 we see Jesus applying the same passage Psalms 82
within the New Testament context applying it to the people
who are called by God.
incarnation was the initiative of the Father to bring in
this theosis process into mankind. Theosis, hence is the
redemption of Adamic race - which gives all the rights and
privileges with which Adam was created by God with His own
breath. He put the Spirit of God - a part of God’s life
giving energy within Adam’s flesh
took the form of man to teach the way back to the tree of
life, which essentially was laying down his own life in love
for one’s brethren. This is what Jesus is saying.
This is a direct quote from David:
Psalm 82.6: I
"You are gods"; you are all sons of the most high.
Peter reflects on the same theme:
2 Peter 1:3–4: God’s
“divine power has given to us all things that pertain to
life and godliness” through the knowledge of God, who called
us by His own glory and goodness. Through these things, He
has given us His great promises so that
we “may be partakers of the divine nature,
having escaped the corruption that is in the world through
promise is that: We can be partakers of the divine nature
.i.e. we can be sons of God - in the image of the Son of God
- we can be gods. There is a reason for using the lower
letter g instead of G. The early fathers had a deep
understanding that the creator God is not of the same
essence in their existence as the created man. We do not
have the essence of the Trinity of God but we are united
together with God in his
energies - as we are the highest form within the creation
sharing some dimensions together. The shared dimension was
the emanations or energies from the One United Holy Trinity.
That is short of being God.
1 Corinthians 3:16: We
are reminded that we
are God’s “temple” and
who is joined to the Lord is one spirit with Him”—union with
This process thus begins when the spirit of God comes into
our hearts. In the Old Testament Period, the Spirit of the
Lord came and went off for the Prophets who were given the
visions. However after the Pentecost, the Spirit of the
Lord is available to all who believe in the Son of God.
is an echo of the creation of Adam. God formed the body of
man out of the dust of the ground and then breathed into
him, thereby placing his breath - the Spirit of God - into
it. Adam became a living soul. Thus Adam was intended to
be the temple of the Holy Spirit.
Acts 2:1-4 And when the day of Pentecost was fully come,
they were all with one accord in one place. And suddenly
there came a sound from heaven as of a rushing mighty wind,
and it filled all the house where they were sitting. And
there appeared unto them cloven tongues like as of fire, and
it sat upon each of them. And they were all filled with the
Holy Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues, as the
Spirit gave them utterance.
A re-enactment of the creation of Adam took place at the
time of Pentecost. The Holy Spirit came upon the Chrisians
gathered together. And the sons of God were reborn. It is
the same status that Jesus promises to his believers. True
it is a rebirth into a new state. There was a re-breathing
of the spirit to produce a rebirth in the new creation man.
Cor. 5:17 ''If any man be in Christ he is a new creation:
old things are passed away; behold, all things are become
Galatians 6:15 says ''In Christ we are... a new creature.''
Ephesians 4:24 says we are to ''Put on the new man, which
after God is created in righteousness and true holiness.''
probably gives the first steps in the process of Theosis
1. Believe in your heart that God has raised Jesus from the
dead as the gurantee of my resurrection and becoming part of
2. Confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord.
Is not believing in Jesus sufficient for Salvation?
No. It must be following with the necessary actions of which
declaration and witnessing to all around is a major part.
For one, it will show clearly that the Spirit of God is in
1 Cor.12.3 No one speaking by the Spirit of God ever says
"Jesus be cursed!"
and no one can say "Jesus is Lord" except by the Holy
1 John 4.15 Whoever confesses that Jesus is the Son of God,
God abides in him, and he in God.
Thus faith alone is not sufficient. True faith will be
followed by corresponding actions - this indeed is the basis
of the process of Theosis.
James 2: 17-18 So too, faith by itself, if it is not
complemented by action, is dead.
But someone will say, “You have faith and I have deeds.”
Show me your faith without deeds, and I will show you my
faith by my deeds.
Thus true faith will indeed show in deeds and transform a
believer into the likeness of the Son - this is the theosis
Galatians 2:20: “It
is no longer I who live, but
Christ who lives in me.”
Philippians 1:21: “For
me, to live is Christ.”
Colossians 3:3: We
have “died” and our lives are “hidden with Christ in
God”—total participation in Christ.
1 Thessalonians 5:23: May
God “sanctify you completely”—complete
conformity to the image and likeness of God.
2 Thessalonians 2:14: We
were called by God “for the obtaining of the glory of our
Lord Jesus Christ.”
Romans 12:1–2: We
are to present our bodies as a “living sacrifice,” doing so
as part of our spiritual worship. And we are to “be
transformed” by the renewing of our minds into the likeness
1 John 4:17: “Because
as He is, so are we in this world”—the
possibility of deification, total participation in Christ
this side of eternity.
John 17:22: In
His high priestly prayer, Jesus says that
He has given us the glory that the Father gave Him.
The glory of Jesus is the glory he has within the Trinity as
God. It is this glory that Jesus promises to his believers.
Revelation 21:7: At
the beginning of the
Christ says of each of us, “I will be his God and he shall
be My son.”
1 John 3:2: “We
know that when He is revealed, we shall be like Him, for we
shall see Him as He is.”
Philippians 3:21: Christ
will “transform our lowly body that it may be conformed to
His glorious body.”
Romans 8:29 For whom He foreknew,
He also predestined to be conformed to the image of His Son,
that He might be the firstborn among many brethren.
The offer os conforming to the imge of His Son - the
Divinity of one of the Trinity itself - is for many
brethren. It is open to all mankind.
God is our Father,
Jesus is the Son of God
Jesus is our brother.
We will be like Him - we will be like God?
Cor 3:17-18 Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit
of the Lord is, there is freedom. And
who with unveiled faces all
reflect the glory of the Lord, are being
transformed into His image with intensifying glory, which
comes from the Lord, who is the Spirit.
We reflect the glory of the Son of God
We are being transformed into the image of the Son of God
Indeed this conformation is with intensifyin glory - the
glory of the Son of God, to whom we will be united as wife
to form one flesh. Does the glory include some divinity at
17:20-26 "I do not pray for these alone, but also for those
who will believe in Me through their word; that they all may
be one, as You, Father, are in Me, and I in You; that they
also may be one in Us, that the world may believe that You
sent Me. And
the glory which You gave Me I have given them, that
they may be one just as We are one: I in them, and You in
Me; that they may be made perfect in one, and that the world
may know that You have sent Me, and
(God) have loved them as You (God) have loved Me. "Father,
I desire that they also whom You gave Me may
be with Me where I am,
that they may behold My glory which You have given Me; for
You loved Me before the foundation of the world. O
righteous Father! The world has not known You, but I have
known You; and these have known that You sent Me. And I
have declared to them Your name, and will declare it, that
the love with which You loved Me may be in them, and I in
The picture of man presented here is not a flesh with a
Spirit within it; but the portion of the Spirit which was
part of God given independence and live in a fleshly or
material tent. We are spirit beings with a body of flesh.
Since man is given freedom, if the spirit is isolated from
the Infinite Holy Spirit it leads to death. When
reconnected to the Infinite Holy Spirit, the spirit of man
renews itself and form part of God. This body which is
material then becomes the part of the body of God itself.
This concept is basic in the teachings of the Apostle.
Hence the Church is describes as the bride of Christ which
unites itself with the Son of God. Is the Church then part
of Godhead? Obviously.
of God joins bodily with his wife Church and becomes one
flesh: The Marriage of the Lamb
5:22-33. A major analogy is that of the body. Just as
husband and wife are to be "one flesh,"[Eph. 5:31] this
analogy for the writer describes the relationship of Christ
5:32] Husbands were exhorted to love their wives "just as
Christ loved the
gave himself for it.[Eph. 5:25] When Christ nourishes and
nourishes and cherishes his own flesh. Just as the husband,
when he loves his wife is loving his own flesh.[Eph. 5:28]
Members of the
"members of his own body" because it is written in Genesis
2:4 "and the two shall become one flesh". In [Eph. 5:31]
Paul quotes the Genesis passage as what has been called a
In writing to the Church of Corinth in 2 Corinthians 11 Paul
writes to the Corinthians warning them of false teachers who
would teach of another Christ and confessing his worry that
they will believe someone who teaches a false christ; other
than Christ Jesus of Nazareth whom they preached; and
referred to the Church in Corinth as being espoused to
Christ. "For I am jealous over you with godly jealousy: for
espoused you to one husband,
that I may present you as a chaste virgin to Christ. But I
fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through
his subtlety, so your minds should be corrupted from the
simplicity that is in Christ.” .[2 Cor. 11:2-4] Thus Paul
indicates that the situation is similar to the Adam Eve in
the garden of Eden
In the writing to the Church in Rome,Paul writes,
"Wherefore, my brethren, ye also are become dead to the law
by the body of Christ; that ye should
be married to another, even to him who is raised from the
that we should bring forth fruit unto God" .[Romans 7] Here,
Paul seems to suggest that the Church is to be married to
Jesus Christ of Nazareth, who was raised from the dead.
The portion in Revelation 19:7-10 describing the marriage
scene in which the Bridegroom makes His Bride His wife, is
worthy of full consideration. A woman, of course, only
becomes a wife on the completion of her marriage to the man
to whom she has been engaged or espoused. In this age of
Grace, the church is the
affianced Bride of
Christ. At the marriage of the Lamb, she becomes His wedded
5:22, 23; 2 Corinthians 11:2).
it means in terms of trinity is that the believers form part
of the family of Jesus. Do we become a god alongside of the
Son. Not necessarily in terms of the essence but in terms
of power, position and authority yes. This is similar to
the adoption concept. Here it is presented as marriage
which is deeper than adoption.
Thus Church today is the bride of the Son of God. The
communion table is still the proposal of the bridegroom to
the mankind - an invitation to join with him and the body of
Even those who do not understand what theosis is all about,
we can see the Bible calls the Church as the body of Christ.
That in itself is simply a statement of theosis. Church will
one day become the wife of the lamb. Marriage of the Lamb
will come. That picture is described all through the Bible.
us rejoice and be overjoyed . . . because the marriage of
the Lamb has arrived.”
bride is brought to her Bridegroom, the Messianic King.
He has prepared and cleansed her “by means of the word.”
She is “holy and without blemish.” (Ephesians 5:26, 27)
His bride is dressed appropriately.
Revelation 19:8.“It has been granted to her to be clothed
with bright, clean, fine linen—for the fine linen stands for
the righteous acts of the holy ones.”
Gen 2: 24: For this reason a man shall leave his father and
his mother, and be joined to his wife; and they shall become
all these simply allegories?
there any meaning in the words Body of Christ, Bride of
Christ, Marriage of Christ etc.?
Are we being fooled?
Are they just parables for something which means we will be
given immortality someday sometime?
What does new birth and new creation and spirit living in us
and Christ in us means?
Is it just to remind us to be obedient to the slave master’s
explains the teaching of the early fathers: “God became Man,
so that man can become god.” So that they can become one
flesh. They will have at least those material dimensions
plus the spirit within as common dimensions to join.
Probably it will be easier for some people if I translate it
as “Son of God became man, so that men can become sons of
God.” or should we say ‘Daughter in law of God’ ?
Ephesians 3:14-19 For this reason I bow my knees to the
Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, from whom
the whole family in heaven and earth is named,
that He would grant you, according to the riches of His
glory, to be strengthened with might through His Spirit in
the inner man, that Christ may dwell in your hearts through
faith; that you, being rooted and grounded in love, may be
able to comprehend with all the saints what is the width and
length and depth and height — to know the love of Christ
which passes knowledge;
that you may be filled with all the fullness of God.
one is filled with
"all the fullness of God"
not that suggest that they will be also God as part of the
Family of God?
Romans 8:16-17 The Spirit itself beareth witness with our
spirit, that we are the children of God: And if children,
then heirs; heirs of God, and joint-heirs with Christ; if
so be that we suffer with him, that we
may be also glorified together .
Corinthians 3:17-18 Now the Lord is the Spirit; and where
the Spirit of the Lord is, there is liberty. But we all,
with unveiled face, beholding as in a mirror the glory of
the Lord, are
being transformed into the same image from glory to glory,
just as by the Spirit of the Lord.
Corinthians 6:18 'I
will be a Father to you, And you shall be My sons and
Says the Lord Almighty."
Finally have a look at Jesus’ prayer:
clearly is a request to accept the wife of the Son of God,
within the family of the Triune God ,as one of family. The
only way this can be done is to make the Church, the Son,
The Father and The Ruach as one each encompassing all the
Father is in the Son and Son is in the Father - they are
is in the Father and the Son. Notice that the Father and Son
is not in the Church. They don’t form a oneness with the
Trinity, but they are inside the Divine realm. Church does
not form another God to make a oneness as then it would be
like the figure on the left.
The Spirit is already within the Church making it One
Organism. That does not make one in essence.
would this place be other than the realm of he Whole
But it goes far beyond that.
the whole material creation is redeemed and the creation
itself can partake of the divinity
Romans 8:19-21Amplified Bible (AMP) For [even the whole]
creation [all nature] waits eagerly for the children of God
to be revealed. For the creation was subjected to
frustration and futility, not willingly [because of some
intentional fault on its part], but by the will of Him who
subjected it, in hope that the creation itself will also be
freed from its bondage to decay [and gain entrance] into the
glorious freedom of the children of God.
The very concept leads us directly to the idea of Theosis
when one day Jesus will come and take his bride with him and
will marry him and Christ and the Church will be united as
one body in his and her real body. They shall be One body.
The redeemed creation will become the body of the Son of God
- Jesus who already possess the flesh which has overcome the
decay and death law of the Second Law of Thermodynamics -
which we call the resurrected glorified body. This is what
we share with him. We do partake in the redemptive process
of the whole creation.
Based on Rom 8:18-23: “For I consider that the sufferings of
this present time are not worthy to be compared with the
glory which shall be revealed in us. For the earnest
the creation eagerly waits for the revealing of the sons of
For the creation was subjected to futility, not willingly,
but because of Him who subjected it in hope; because
the creation itself also will be delivered from the bondage
of corruption into the glorious liberty of the children of
For we know that the whole creation groans and labors with
birth pangs together until now. Not only that, but we also
who have the firstfruits of the Spirit, even we ourselves
groan within ourselves”
This is redemption.
The body Jesus wore while on earth was the human body which
he still wears as a living person within the Trinity. The
whole creation will be so redeemed and will partake of the
divinity as it was in the beginning. The whole cosmos will
form the body of God.
In the book Cosmos: the body of God I have suggested that
the whole Infinite God may be considered as the original
whose image mankind is. All the various dimensions and
beings are the various organs of the God’s body. Creation
with all the beings and non-beings are all parts of His body
with varying functions. Mankind may be one of the prime
parts of God. The fall of man is one of the malfunction and
God will heal mankind which will cause total healing of the
whole body. From the scriptures this is the picture we
have. We cannot seperate God from His creation. Once the
creation took place, whether organic or inorganic creation,
they are all part of God with their own function and
John 17 After Jesus said this, he looked toward heaven and
. 22 -23 I have given them the glory that you gave me, that
they may be one as we are one I in them and you in me—so
that they may be brought to complete unity. Then the world
will know that you sent me and have loved them even as you
have loved me.
This talks evidently of a monism wherein God and creations
are united into one organism. This happens when all
creation is also redeemed. Just as an organism contains
many parts there will be gradations there will be variations
and differences within the body. Paul talks about it when he
talks about the Church.
Matthew Henry’s Concise Commentary on 1 Corinthians 12:12-26
The body is a unit, though it is comprised of many parts.
And although its parts are many, they all form one body. So
it is with Christ. For in one Spirit we were all baptized
into one body, whether Jews or Greeks, slave or free, and we
were all given one Spirit to drink.…For the body does not
consist of one part, but of many….
Christ and his church form one body, as Head and members.
Christians become members of this body by baptism. The
outward rite is of Divine institution; it is a sign of the
new birth, and is called therefore the washing of
regeneration, Titus 3:5. But it is by the Spirit, only by
the renewing of the Holy Ghost, that we are made members of
Christ's body. And by communion with Christ at the Lord's
supper, we are strengthened, not by drinking the wine, but
by drinking into one Spirit. Each member has its form,
place, and use. The meanest makes a part of the body. There
must be a distinction of members in the body. So Christ's
members have different powers and different places. We
should do the duties of our own place, and not murmur, or
quarrel with others. All the members of the body are useful
and necessary to each other. Nor is there a member of the
body of Christ, but may and ought to be useful to
fellow-members. As in the natural body of man, the members
should be closely united by the strongest bonds of love; the
good of the whole should be the object of all. All
Christians are dependent one upon another; each is to expect
and receive help from the rest. Let us then have more of the
spirit of union in our religion.
If the church is within Christ and the Christ within the
Church the gifts and powers are given to enhanced by the
union of the members. It is the oneness of the church or the
members of the church that can do wonders not necessarily by
Matt. 18: 19-20 “Again, truly I tell you that if two of you
on earth agree about anything they ask for, it will be done
for them by my Father in heaven. For where two or three
gather in my name, there am I with them.”
Mark 17:20 Truly I tell you, if you have faith
as small as a mustard seed,
you can say to this mountain, ‘Move from here to there,’ and
it will move. Nothing will be impossible for you.”
It is important to understand that faith here refers to the
faith in God, not faith in faith. Otherwise we will be
falling into the trap of the Positive Confession New Age who
says "Believe it in your heart; say it with your mouth.
That is the principle of faith. You can have what you say"
(Charismatic Chaos, pp. 281, 285).
Mark 11: 22-25 “Have faith in God,” Jesus answered. “Truly
I tell you, if anyone says to this mountain, ‘Go, throw
yourself into the sea,’ and does not doubt in their heart
but believes that what they say will happen, it will be done
for them. Therefore I tell you, whatever you ask for in
prayer, believe that you have received it, and it will be
yours. And when you stand praying, if you hold anything
against anyone, forgive them, so that your Father in heaven
may forgive you your sins.”
This is only the power of the believer who has faith as
small as a mustard seed. The divine power goes much higher.
Again after the resurrection Jesus sending his apostles says
in the great commission:
He said to them, “Go into all the world and preach the
gospel to all creation. 16 Whoever believes and is baptized
will be saved, but whoever does not believe will be
condemned. 17 And these signs will accompany those who
believe: In my name they will drive out demons; they will
speak in new tongues; 18 they will pick up snakes with their
hands; and when they drink deadly poison, it will not hurt
them at all; they will place their hands on sick people, and
they will get well.”
These are only signs. If the divine power is given to each
believer individually as above right from now and here, how
much more will that power when all mankind join together as
church and then joins with the Son of God in union!! We are
told this will bring the whole cosmos into its original
freedom from the bondage it is in now. The whole creation
is eagerly waiting for the appearance of the sons of God.
This is theosis.