Chapter V

Serug the Father of Aryans

Serug was the son of Reu and the father of Nahor, according to Genesis 11:20–23. He is also the great-grandfather of Abraham. He is called Saruch in the Greek version of Luke 3:35. The book of Jubilees, gives the names of his mother, Ora (11:1), and wife Milcah (11:6). It also states that his original name was Seroh, but that it was changed to Serug in the time when Noah's children began to fight wars, and the city of Ur Kesdim was built, where Serug lived. Serug lived after he begat Nahor two hundred years, and begat sons and daughters. It says this Serug was the first of the patriarchal line to abandon monotheism and turn to idol worship, teaching sorcery to his son Nahor. This is where the Sun worship of Vedics started. In the seventh generation, Nahor fathered Uz, Buz, Chesed, Hazo, Pildash, Jidlaph, Bethuel (Laban's father) and Kemuel. Harran fathered Lot. Abram fathered Ishmael and then as Abraham fathered Isaac, Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak and Shuah.

The Cambridge Manuscript of the Kitab al Mangal (The Book of the Rolls) belonging to the Apocryphal Book of Jubilees purpotedly written by St.Ephraim of the Sixth Century gives a description of the rise of Vedic religion and Aryan tradition following the Tower of Babel when Nimrod the giant ruled the earth.This was the time when languages were multiplied and people were identified in terms of their language.  It should not be confused with the concept of race, though people of the same culture, and family formed part of the group inevitably.

“When he (Reu) was 239 years old, he died.
Serug his son and Nahor buried him in the town called Ozvnan, which Reu had built for himself. When Serug was thirty years old, his son Nahor was born to him. In the days of Serug idols were worshipped, and they were adored instead of God, and the people in that day were scattered in the earth; there was not among them a teacher nor a lawgiver, nor a guide to the way of truth, nor even a right way. They wandered and were rebellious and became a sect. Some of them worshipped the Sun and the Moon, some of them worshipped the sky, some of them worshipped images, some of them worshipped the stars, some of them worshipped the earth, some of them worshipped beasts, some of them worshipped trees, and some of them worshipped waters and winds and such like, for the Devil blinded their hearts and left them in darkness without light. ........... When one of them died, his people made an image in his likeness, and put it upon his tomb, lest his memory should be cut off. The earth was filled with sins, and idols were multiplied in it, made in the likenesses of males and females.

When Serug was 230 years old he died. His son Nahor, and Terah and Abraham buried him in the town which Serug had built and called it Serug. Terah was born to Nahor when he was twenty-nine years old. In the third year of the life of Nahor, God looked up through His remembrance at His creatures, and they were worshipping idols. He sent upon them earthquakes which destroyed all the idols. Their worshippers did not turn from their error, but persevered in their godlessness. In the twenty-sixth year of the rule of Terah appeared witchcraft.”

The Book of the Cave of Treasures in syriac gives the identical story
“And Serug lived thirty years and begot Nahor and all the days of his life were two hundred and thirty years. And in the days of Serug the worship of idols entered the world. And in his days the children of men began to make themselves graven images, and it was at this time that the introduclion of idols into the world look place. For the children of men were scattered all over the earth, and they had neither teachers nor lawgivers, and no one to show them [Fol. 23a, col. 2] the way of truth wherein they should walk, and for this reason they became confused and fell into error. Some of them through their error adored the heavens, and some of them worshipped the sun, and moon and stars, and some oi them the earth, and wild beasts, and birds, and creeping things, and trees. and stones, and the creatures of the sea, and the waters, and the winds. Now Satan had blinded their eyes so that they might walk inthe darkness of error, because they had no hope of a resurrection. For when one of them died they used to make an image of him, and set it up upon his grave, so that the remembrance [of his appearance] might not pass from before their eyes.”

Secular historians puts this as follows:  
The Proto-Indo-Iranians, from which the Indo-Aryans developed, are identified with the Sintashta culture (2100–1800 BCE), and the Andronovo culture, which flourished ca. 1800–1400 BCE in the steppes around the Aral sea, present-day Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. The proto-Indo-Iranians were influenced by the Bactria-Margiana Culture, south of the Andronovo culture, from which they borrowed their distinctive religious beliefs and practices. The Indo-Aryans split off around 1800-1600 BCE from the Iranians, whereafter the Indo-Aryans migrated into the Levant and north-western India.

Raja Manya Tilak a Brahmin Scholar analysed the Vedic references and shows clearly that the Aryans originated in the Polar regions and spread into the various directions in due course of time.  In my book on Tilak and the Aryan Origins I have gone through his arguments to assert their validity within our modern scientific understanding.

Migration for better life and improvement was and is going on from the beginning of human  life - no in all life forms. Human migrations are described in the history and religion of world.  Thus it is reflected also in the religious memory and history of every nation

“We call these invaders the ‘Aryans’ from their own word Arya meaning of noble or free birth or origin (the term lives on today as ‘Iran’ and ‘Eire’ or Ireland).  They spread West into Asia Minor (Hittites) and Southeastern Europe (Greeks), with the Romans, Celts, Germans and Slavs – also Aryan tribes – following up behind them in later waves.  They spread South and Southeast into the Iranian plateau (Medes and Persians being later descendants of these original Aryans) and from there across the gap in the Hindu Kush mountains down into the Indus River basin – where they overran or at least replaced the Harappa society described above (had it already expired before their arrival?).  It was around 1700 - 1500 BC that they made this grand move into India –although smaller Aryan raids into northwestern India may have been common well before then.”

Khyber Pass
About 1500 BC Harappan Civilization began to decline.
The history of ancient India during these centuries is obscure, but this decline has been linked by modern scholars to several possible factors which include:
  •  environmental factors, such as change in climate patterns or an overuse of land and water resources; and to
  •  migration by Indo-European tribes from central Asia  
Verses in the Rig Veda indicates that the destruction of the water dams and the killing of the black people called dasyus were intentionally done by the migrating fair skinned people who called themselves “Aryan”. Many believe that the decline of the Harappan civilization was a result of Aryan invasions from the north. This theory seems logical because the Aryans came to power in the Ganges Valley shortly after the Indus demise of the Indus Valley Civilization. The black skinned people were pushed down to the Southern India.

It was always the custom of the victors to intentionally destroy or destort the history of victims. Damnatio memoriae is the Latin phrase used which literally meanin "Damning of memory" in the sense of a judgment that a person must not be remembered. The intent was to erase someone from history, a task somewhat easier in ancient times, when documentation was much sparser.According to the biblical story, when the ancient Israelites entered the land of Canaan, they were ordered to destroy all pagan tribes and their property; but the tribe of Amalek was not only specifically singled out for destruction rather Yahweh would "completely blot out the name of Amalek from under heaven" This included burning down of all documents and references to them and destroying everything that can identify them.  History has seen such events as part of occupation of one people by another and it was a normal practice all over the world.  If we see the great Indus Valley Civilization with no literature or signs of intellectual activity there is no other reason we can find.  I am told the biggest literature found in IVC contains five lines of three words in some broken seal.  Evidently the victors were effective in their erasing all memories of SVC so that they can claim it as their own.


Here are a few quotes from various authors:
I quote extensively just because they are qualified experts in their areas.  Since I want them to speak for themselves to express the reasons and effect, there may be repetitions.  Forgive me the repetitions and largeness of quotes in order to respect their authority.  In some cases I have added a few additional illustrations and pictures.  I have endeavored to give full credit to the authors.

A “Hariyupia” is referred clearly in the Rg Veda
“In aid of Abhyavartin Cayamana,Indra destroyed the seed of Varasikha.
At Hariyupiyah he smote the vanguard of the Vrcivans, and the rear fled frightend.” Rg Veda (VI.27.5)
In this Vedic reference, there is a description of a battle between two forces, one led by Abhyavartin, son of Chayamana (Puru clan) and the other by Turuvasa (Turuvasa Clan); leader of the Vrichivat, seed of Varasika (Sen 1974; Majumdar, Raychaudhuri, Datta, 1961:25-26).

The batttle was fought at Hariyupiyia, which appears to have been situated to the east of the Yabyabati River (possibly the Ravi). Half of the attacking force was scattered in the west, presumably on the other side of the river, while the other portion was defeated by Abhyavartin, aided by Indra (Singh 1995)."


Aryan Invasion or peaceful immigration?
Peter Myers, January 15, 2002; update April 10, 2012.
For a detailed analysis of Rig Vedic description of the black Dasyus and their conquest by the Fair skinned Arya the worshippers of Indra see http://mailstar.net/rig-veda.html

4 Flooding by Aryan Destruction of Indus Dams
Signs of flooding were discovered in the Indus cities, mainly in the form of silt deposits. It was thus considered that this flooding explantaion could explain the fall of the Indus cities and was considered as the most viable alternative to the idea of an Aryan invasion. It was subsequently discovered, however, that flooding had been pointed out as a consequence several decades before the actual discovery of flooding. It is now accepted that flooding was caused by the Aryans' destruciton of the Indus dam and irrigation system, and was merely another aspect of the genocide.
Around 1500 BC, the Indus civilization came, after 2000 years of prosperity, to a comparatively abrupt end. Conclusive evidence shows that the reason for this decline, in fact the sole reason for it, was an invasion by highly barbaric Aryans. They invaded, destroying the Indus cities and exterminating the native peoples.

Aryan Invasion and Fall of the Indus Empire
Nomadic Aryans invaded India ca. 1500 BC destroying the Indus valley civilization and exterminating the Indus inhabitants. Thus ended the most brilliant civilization of the ancient world. Subsequent to this invasion, India was plunged into 2000 years of the Vedic Dark Ages. When cities were built again, it was under Scytho-Greek influence. The ziggurat of the Indus disappeared forever.

Archaeological Evidence

`Prehistoric India', S.Piggott, Penguin Books Ltd., Middlesex UK, 1952.

1.1 Thick Ash Layers
Thick ash layers occur in the upper strata of many Indus cities. At Nal the last phase of the Zhob-ware was burnt down so much so that the mound is known as the Sohr Damb, or the Red Mound, from the reddening due to fire. At Dabar Kot the upper 6 feet of the tell show 4 thick ash layers that indicate repeated destruction by conflagration and the RG V encrusted ware is associated with the last settlements of Harappa [ Piggott 215].

At the Rana Ghundai mound everywhere overlying the foundation level of the RG III c phase there are pockets of ash. Above the RG III c phase the pottery is markedly different from the preceding type, the RG IV phase pottery being painted with coarse bands. RG IV was again destroyed by fire, and the RG V phase is marked by another change in pottery. The RG V pottery is unpainted and contains patterns in relief [ Piggott p. 214 ].

1.2 Fractured Skulls
At Mohenjo-daro, Harappa and Chanhu-daro, skeletons/fragments of skeletons indicate violent massacres in the final stages of the cities' history. Huddled skeletons of persons murdered in the streets indicate that the mass dyings were not due to poisonings etc. but were violent.
-- [ Piggott p. 145 ]

1.3 Aryan Weaponry
Copper axe-adzes are intrusive ar Harappan sites ( Harappa, Shahi-tump and Chanhu-daro ) but are similar to those found at North Persian sites ( Hissar III, Shah Tepe, Turang Tepe ) and Akkadian sites ( Assur, Sialk B cemetary : here the specimens are probably as late as the 9th century BC ).
-- [ Piggott p.228 ]

Swords 1.5 foot long and strengthened at the mid-rib are non-Harappan and are found only in the later strata of the cities. These swords at Mohenjo-daro have a tang and rivet to hold the handle exactly as found in Palestine, where such implements are associated with the Hyksos 1800-1500 BC
-- [ Piggott p. 229 ]

Copper harpoons found in the indus Valley are similar to those found in Europe and elsewhere in Asia.
-- [ Piggott p. 237 ]

1.4 Flooding by Aryan Destruction of Indus Dams
Signs of flooding were discovered in the Indus cities, mainly in the form of silt deposits. It was thus considered that this flooding explantaion could explain the fall of the Indus cities and was considered as the most viable alternative to the idea of an Aryan invasio. It was subsequently discovered, however, that flooding had been pointed out as a consequence several decades before the actual discovery of flooding. It is now accepted that flooding was caused by the Aryans' destruciton of the Indus dam and irrigation system, and was merely another aspect of the genocide.
+ He smote Vrtra who encompassed the waters [ RgV VI.20.2 ]
+ He smote Vrtra who enclosed the waters, like a tree with the bolt [ RgV II.14.2 ]
+ He is referred to as `conquering the waters' ( apsujit ), which is his prime attribute.
+ Indra let loose the streams after slaying Vrtra [ RgV IV.19.8 ]
+ He cleaves the mountian, making the streams flow [ RgV I.57.6; X.89.7 ], even with the sound of his bolt [ RgV VI.27.1]
-- [ RgV I.57.6; II.14.2; IV.19.8; VI.20..2; VI.27.1; X.89.7 ] [ ST 368 ]

In Sanskrit, `vrtra' is an `obstacle', and denotes a barrage or blockage [ ISISH 70-71]. It is thus a word for `dam'. Dams now called Gebr-band are found on many water-courses of the western parts of the Indus region. Aryans shattered the dam system of the Indus, leading to silt deposits in Mohenjo-daro [ S & T 369].
+ When he [Indra] laid open the great mountain, he let loose the torrents and slew the Danava, he set free the pent up springs, the udder of the mountain. [ RgV V.32.1-2 ]
+ He slew the Danava, shattered the great mountian, broke open the well, set free the pent up waters. [ RgV I.57.6; V.33.1 ]
+ He releases the streams which are like impisoned cow [ RgV I.61.10 ]
+ He won the cows and soma and made the 7 rivers flow. [ RgV I.32.12; II.12.12 ]
+ He releases the imprisoned waters [ RgV I.57.6; I.103.2 ]
+ He dug out channels for the streams with his bolt [ RgV II.15.3 ], let the flood of waterrs flow into the sea. [ RgV II.19.3 ]
+ He caused the waters pent up by Vrtra to flow [ RgV III.26.6; IV.17.1 ]
-- [ MacDonnell ] [S & T 368-9 quotg Macdonell ]

Another verse explicitly metnions him as a destroyer of dams:
rinag rodhamsi krtrimani = " he removed artificial barriers"-- [ RgV 2.15.8 ]
Now, rodhas = "dam" elsewhere in the Rig Veda and in later Sanskrit [ S & T 369 ]. The above evidence, taken directly from the Rig Veda and not from any secondary source, is sufficient to implacate the Aryans as the destroyers of the dam systems of the ancient Indus.

1.5 Aryan Settlements
Aryan settlements occur atop the destroyed cities towards the end of the civlization. They are primitive brick structures made of material taken from the ruins of the preceding towns.

1.6 Aryan Weaponry
Aryan weaponry, including the horse and chariot occur towards the end of the Indus cities' history.

2. Anthropological evidence

2.1 Northern Dravidians
Several Dravidian tribes still inhabit isolated parts of northern India. The Brahui inhabit parts of Baluchistan and stil speak a Dravidian language. The Bhils inhabit parts of southern Rajastan. The black Gonds inhabit parts of central India about the Vindhyans.

2.2 The Black Sudroids ; Dravidians and African Race
The Aryans and Dravidians today still retain by and large, the original features. The Aryans have fair-pale skin, leptorrhine (thin) noses and straight hair. The Dravidians have broad noses, curly-wavy hair and dark-black skin. They are related to the Africans [ Winters* ]. [ Risley ].

2.3 White Indo-Aryan Caucasoids
The Indo-Aryans belong to the Caucasoid or white race and are very similar to Latins. The Indo-Aryan languages belong to the Indo-European family of languages. Racially the Indo-Aryans posess white to fair skin, thin noses and lips and straight hair.

3. Literary evidence

3.1 Sanskrit Literature
References abound to an Aryan invasion in Sanskrit literature.
The ancient singer praises the god who "destroyed the Dasyans and protected the Aryan colour." [Rg.V. III.34.9 ] [ Ann. 114 ]
and "the thunderer who bestowed on his white friends the fields, bestowed the sun, bestowed the waters." [ Rg.V. I.100.18 ] [ Ann. 114 ]
Numerous are the references to "the black skin" `Krishnam Vacham' [ Rg.V. IX.41.1, Sama Veda I.491, II.242 ] [ Ann. 114 ] which is mentioned with abhorrence.
Again " stromy gods who rush on like furious bulls and scatter the black skin." [ Rg.V. IX.73.5 ]
The singers mention "the black skin, the hated of Indra", being swept ourtof heaven [ RgV. IX.73.5 ] "Indra protected in battle the Aryan worshipper, he subdued the lawless for Manu, he conqured the black skin." [ Rg.V. I.130.8 ] [ Ann.114 ]
The sacrificer poured out thanks to his god for "scattering the slave bands of black descent", and for stamping out " the vile Dasyan colour." [ Rg.V. II.20.7, II.12.4 ] [ ANn. 115 ]
"Dasam varnam adharam" [ Rg.V. II.12.4 ]
[ Muir part I, p.43, II, p.284, 323 etc. ] [ Ann. 114 ff ]

Rakshas are aboriginals
- Ravana = Rakshasendra [ Ann. 111 ]
- Rakshas = Ceylon aborigines  

Romila Thapar in Early India states:
The connections between Iran and North India on the other hand are close.  The language of the Avesta and Indo-Aryan were cognates, descended from the same ancestral language.  The date of the Avesta - the text of Zoroastrianism - has been controversial, but a mid-second millennium date is now being accepted.  Tge linguistic relationshio between the two includes not just words but also concepts.  The interchangeability between “h” amd “s” is one of the differences, but there is a consistency in this change such as haoma, daha, hepta hindu, Ahura in Avestan, and soma, dasa, sapta sindhu, asura in Rig-Vedic Sanskrit.  In terms of religious concepts the attributes of gods are often reversed.  Thus indra is demonic in the Avesta, as are the dae(devas or gods in Sanskrit) and Ahura/asura emerges as the highest deity.  This has led to the theory that originally the Old Iranian and Indo-Aryan speakers were a single group but dissensions led to their splitting up.  It was then that the Indo-Aryan speakers living in the Indo-Iranian borderlands and the Haraxvati (Saraswati) are of Afghanistan gradually migrated to the indus plain, bringing with them their language, rituals and social custons, to settle as agro-pastoralists in the sapta-sindhu.”

Destruction of Cities -
The Aryan gods are proudly presented by the Vedic "sages" as the destroyeres of cities. Of these Indra, later considered an incarnation of the God Vishnu, is the prime culprit. Indra is called Puroha or Purandhara, `sacker of cities' - [ S & T 366 ] Indra overthrew 100 Puras made of stone ( asmanmayi ) for his worshipper Divodasa [ RgV 4.30.20 ], evidently belonging to Sambara who is a Dasa ( non-Aryan/demon ) of the mountain [ RgV 6.26.5 ] -- [ Chanda ] [ S & T p.364 ]

No regard was shown to the life of non-Aryans. An Aryan poet says,
" Ye mighty ones [ Asvins ] what do you do there; why do you stay there among the people wh are held in high esteem through not offering sacrifices; ignore them, destroy the life of the Panis "
-- [ RgV I.83.3 ] [ S & T 365 ] >
Indra's Destruction of Harappa : The Vedic Harappa Hymn
The famous Harappa hymn of the Rig Veda describes with praise Indra's destruction of Harappa :
" In aid of Abhyavartin Cayamana, Indra destroyed the seed of Virasakha.
"At Hariyupiyah he smote the vanguard of the Vrcivans, and the rear fled frighted."
-- [ Rg.V. XXVIII.5 ]
This Hariyupiyah is likely to be the Harappa of tte Indus valley.

3.2 Dravidian Literature
The date of 1500 BC corresponds to the end of a sangam period when invasions by barbarians occurred.

4. Sociological evidence

4.1 Caste System
The caste system is another `fossil' of the Aryan conquest, with the lower and exterior castes representing the aboriginal inhabitants that managed to survivie the Aryan slaughter. Exactly the same occurred in other parts of the world where one race has subjugated others, eg. Latin America ( Iberians conquered Aboriginals ), USA ( Anglo-Saxons ruling over Hispanics and Afro-Americans ) etc. These include the Adivasis ( aboriginal tribals ), the Dalits ( semi-settled aborigianls ) and the Sudras ( the lowest caste ). However, some of the Sudras were imported under Muslim rule from Southern India.

The caste system consists of several different "varnas" ( Sans. "colors"), three of which are Aryan. The lowest caste, the Shudra, consists of aboriginals, as well as the exterior untouchable castes.

4.2 Sati and Child Marriage
The Aryans introduced tremendous restrictions on the life of women, including sati and child mariage. According to Aryan "Hindu" (ie. Vaishnavite) scriptures, a man must marry a maiden one-third his age.

4.3 Cow-Worship
Cow-worship is another feature introduced by the Aryans. This probably arose because the Aryans were nomads and hence required the cow.

5. Theological evidence

5.1 Shiva and Shakti
Siva is the god of the Dravidians. Vishnu is the god of the Aryans
The star-calendar used by the Aryan-Vaishnavites today was adopted from the Semito-Dravidian Indus Valley civilization, since:
    It is not referred to in the Rig Veda or Avesta
    It was compiled when the Indus Valley was at its peak, before the Aryans came to India. [ Parpola ]
The Indus people practiced astronomy because the streets are oriented towards the cardinal directions, presupposing the use of the sun-stick. A seal from Mohenjo-daro depicts an Indus deity with a star on either side of his haed in the fashion of the Near East. Inanna-Ishtar, the goddess of love and war, for example, was associated with the planet Venus [ Parpola ]. This may have led to the cult of worshipping the planets, the astral religion of India.

5.2 Fire Altars
Fire altars occur late towards the Indus cities history. They are primitve in nature, constructed from material from the destroyed Indus cities.

6. Global Aryan Invasions
Aryans invaded several parts of the world, putting an end to various brilliant civilizations. Babylonia was destroyed by Kassites, Hittites and Mittani, Egypt was devastated by the Hyksos, and Minoan culture by the Dorians.

7. Rival Theories
Several other explanations have been put forth to explain the demise of the Indus civilisation besides the Aryan invasion. These are:
    Environmental catastrophes - These include:
        Cometary impact
    Internal Decline - These explanations claim that slavery, or some other revolt destroyed the Indus civilisation.

These have severe problems, however.
Cometary Impact . The problems with this theory are:
    No crater/craters have been found with an age matching 1500 BC, nor of the requisite size. The size is narrowly constrained, for if the impact was too large, catastrophe would have been global, while if it were too small, the effect would have been negligible.

    No iridium anomaly , the characteristic of all impacts from the mammoth K/T Chiczulub crater [ ALvarez ] to the Sudbury intrusive, has been found in the Indus valley of the required age.

    No shocked glasses , or tektites with the requisite shock deformation features, have been found anywhere near the Indus valley.

Thus, although a cometary candidate for the extinction has been found in Comet Enke [ ], this is a far-fetched theory, to say the least. The destruciton of several civilizations simultaneously requires a global catastrophe. But some civilizations, eg. in Central and South AMerica, and China, survived the 1500 BC discontinuity. Asteroidal impacts tend to leave larger craters and more iridium, so the arguments against this variant of impact apply more forcefully.
Flooding . Undisputed evidence of flooding has been found in the form of silt deposits and barrage system erected as a defensive measure. Flooding thyus remained a serious candidate until it was pointed out that several Vedic scholars had realized that the Aryans had destroyed the irrigation and dam system of the Indus. Thus flooding is a natural consequence of Aryan invasion and not an independant mechanism.

Internal Decline
1. To suppose that, after two millenia of stability some internal revolt was the cause behind the downfall is stretching the imagination.
2. No evidence has been found for this, and when indisputable evidence of violence perpetrated with new weapons exists, it is disregarding evidence.

Other Opponents
Although the following may seem rather harsh, yet it is necessary to expose the real designs of some of the opponents of one of the most well-established theories of all time.
The opponents of the concept of Aryan invasion fall into 3 categories:
    Aryan Hindu Fanatics

These mostly have ulterior motives. The former oppose any vilification of their "gods" who are implicated in the worst massacres and atrocities recorded in history. They wish to see the Vedas, in acutality the songs of promitive cow-herds, as the repository of all science. The latter do not want to accept that their ancestors perpetrated such crimes. One religious fanatic who opposed the notion of Aryan invasion during its infancy was Narendra Nath Datta, later known as Vivekananda. All he could do was to vilify honest schloars:

" And what your European pandits say about the Aryan's sweeping from some foreign land, snatching away the lands of the aboriginals and settling India by exterminating them, is all pure nonsense, foolish talk. Strange, that our Indian scholars too say amen to them, and all these monstrous lies are taught to our boys. This is very bad indeed.

In what Veda, in what Sukta, so you find that the Aryans came to India from a foreign country? Where do you get the idea that they slaughtered the wild aborigines? What do you gain by talking such nonsense?"
-- [ ` Complete Works of Swami Vivekananda ', 1963, p.534-535 ] [ Panda 70 ]
Another fundamentalist who opposed the notion of Aryan invasions is Srviastava, who apparently only conducted his research to prove the innocence of the Aryan gods :
"Indra, therefore stands completely exonerated"
-- [ Srivastava 441 ]

Later, lacking any scientific evidence whatsoever, he degenerates into vilifying Wheeler himself :
" .. we see him as a brgiadier in the British army during WW II, we feel he could not interpret the dubious evidence of Mohenjo-daro and Harappa in any other manner "
-- [ Srivas 442 ]

Who this Dayananda was must be fully exposed.
The Aryans were so barbaric that they did not even have a word for brick in Sanskrit [ S & T 372 ] [ Woolley ]

These Aryans brought with them the domestic horse and two-wheeled chariots, and have begun spreading out over the great plains of northern India.
These “Aryans” did not have any writing system but like all tribes of the period had oral literature and traditions. These included hymns, spells, rituals, dialogues and proverbs, which in later times formed the Vedas, the ancient foundation literature of Hindu civilization. These reflect a world under the rule of warrior aristocrats and a heavy handed caste system.


Indo-Aryan Migration and the Geographical distribution of the major Indo-Aryan languages today.


Mr. Bal Gangadhar Tilak, a great Brahmin (Indian Aryan) scholar of India in the last century studied the Vedas and the Vendidad to find an ancient homeland of the Aryans. The Vedas are scriptures written by the Indo-Europeans or Aryans after they migrated to India. From the descriptions of the weather patterns mentioned in the Vedas, Tilak concluded that the ancient home must be in the Artic regions ie. above present Russia.

The Aryans migrated from the ancient home to Iran and from there to India and Greece and Europe. Tilak also said that the most ancient historical scripture was the Iranian Vendidad, which actually describes the ancient homeland of the Aryans, the Aryan King Yima Kshaeta who ruled over it (Yama Raja, lord of the underworld in latter day Indian Hinduism) and the onrush of winter, sent by ahriman (the devil) which caused the great migration. This is the famous first "Fargad" of the Vendidad which fascinated a lot of European scholars in the last century.
Today after independence of India the same Brahmins wants to reverse the story.  Someone is up to something as usual. They want to take over India as their  alone.

Wikipedia gives the following quotes regarding the DNA of Indo Ayan Migrattion people:
“Indo-Aryan or Indic peoples are an ethno-linguistic group referring to the wide collection of peoples united as native speakers of the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-Iranian language family, and is in turn a member of the larger Indo-European language family. Today, there are over one billion native speakers of Indo-Aryan languages, most of them native to South Asia, where they form the majority.” (Wikkipedia)

Namita Mukherjee, Almut Nebel, Ariella Oppenheim and Partha P. Majumder (December 2001), "High-resolution analysis of Y-chromosomal polymorphisms reveals signatures of population movements from central Asia and West Asia into India" (PDF), Journal of Genetics (Springer India) 80 (3), doi:10.1007/BF02717908, retrieved 2008-11-25, ... More recently, about 15,000-10,000 years before present (ybp), when agriculture developed in the Fertile Crescent region that extends from Israel through northern Syria to western Iran, there was another eastward wave of human migration (Cavalli-Sforza et al., 1994; Renfrew 1987), a part of which also appears to have entered India. This wave has been postulated to have brought the Dravidian languages into India (Renfrew 1987). Subsequently, the Indo-European (Aryan) language family was introduced into India about 4,000 years ago ...
Dhavendra Kumar (2004), Genetic Disorders of the Indian Subcontinent, Springer, ISBN 1-4020-1215-2, retrieved 2008-11-25, ... The analysis of two Y chromosome variants, Hgr9 and Hgr3 provides interesting data (Quintan-Murci et al., 2001). Microsatellite variation of Hgr9 among Iranians, Pakistanis and Indians indicate an expansion of populations to around 9000 YBP in Iran and then to 6,000 YBP in India. This migration originated in what was historically termed Elam in south-west Iran to the Indus valley, and may have been associated with the spread of Dravidian languages from south-west Iran (Quintan-Murci et al., 2001). ...
Frank Raymond Allchin and George Erdosy (1995), The Archaeology of Early Historic South Asia: The Emergence of Cities and States, Cambridge University Press, retrieved 2008-11-25, ... There has also been a fairly general agreement that the Proto-Indoaryan speakers at one time lived on the steppes of Central Asia and that at a certain time they moved southwards through Bactria and Afghanistan, and perhaps the Caucasus, into Iran and India-Pakistan (Burrow 1973; Harmatta 1992)

Hermann Kulke, Dietmar Rothermund (1998), High-resolution analysis of Y-chromosomal polymorphisms reveals signatures of population movements from central Asia and West Asia into India, Routledge, ISBN 0-415-15482-0, retrieved 2008-11-25, ... During the last decades intensive archaeological research in Russia and the Central Asian Republics of the former Soviet Union as well as in Pakistan and northern India has considerably enlarged our knowledge about the potential ancestors of the Indo-Aryans and their relationship with cultures in west, central and south Asia. Previous excavations in southern Russia and Central Asia could not confirm that the Eurasian steppes had once been the original home of the speakers of Indo-European language.

Richard Cordaux , Gunter Weiss, Nilmani Saha and Mark Stoneking (2004), "The Northeast Indian Passageway: A Barrier or Corridor for Human Migrations?", Molecular Biology and Evolution (Society for Molecular Biology and Evolution), doi:10.1093/molbev/msh151, PMID 15128876, retrieved 2008-11-25, ... Our coalescence analysis suggests that the expansion of Tibeto-Burman speakers to northeast India most likely took place within the past 4,200 years.

Pearson - Indian History Manual
The Pearson Indian History Manual for the UPSC Civil Services Preliminary ...  By Singh
“The extent of the geographical knowledge of the Aryans at the time of the Rigveda can be ascertained by reference in the hymns to various rivers. From this it would appear that the early Aryans lived in the geographical area covered by eastern Afghanistan, Punjab and fringes of Western UP. In the text, the western tributaries of the Indus, the Gomati (modern Gomai), the Krumu (modern Kurram), and the Kubha (modern Kabul} are mentioned. The Suvastu (Surat) is the most important river mentioned to the north of Kabul. But the main focus of the Rigvedic culture seems to have been the Punjab and Delhi region. Here, the most frequently mentioned rivers are the Sindhu, the Saraswati, new lost in the Rajasthan sands, the area probably represented now by the Ghagghar river, and the five stearns which collectively gave their name to the Punjab. These five rivers are Shutudri {Sutlej),Vipas (Bess), Parushni (Ravi), Asikni(Chenab) and Vitasta (Jhelum). The Sindhu. identical with the Indus. is the river par excellence of the Aryans and it is repeatedly mentioned. The geographical knowledge of the early Aryans did not extend beyond the Yamaha, which is thrice mentioned in the Rigveda. Ganges is mentioned only once in a late hymn. Thus, the focus of the Aryan culture during Rigvedic times was between the region of Yamuna and Sutlej and along the upper course of the river Saraswati.
The later Vedic literatre show that the Aryans, during the later Vedic period pressed further eastwards and expanded from Punjab over the whole of western UP, covered by the Ganga-Yamuna doab.  They set up kingdom in Kosala, to the east of doab and in Kasi the region of Varanasi”

The Vedic poets knew the Himalaya as the only mountain and they did not mention Vindhya. Mujawant, one of the Himalayan peaks is referred to in the Rigveda as the source of Soma.


1. RigVedic (or First) Aryan Invasion
The Indus Valley Civilization, consisting of Semites ( approx. 40 % ), Negroids ( approx. 50 % ) and Mongoloids ( ca. 10 % ) marked a period of wealth and prosperity in Indian history. Noted developments include the development of yoga, the erection of ziggurats and the discovery of zero. All these inventions were later appropriated by the Aryan priests in what must have been the greatest case of scientific theft on record. As usual, considerable negationism exists surrounding this episode. The golden Harappan age came to an abrupt and violent end when hordes of barbaric Aryans swept into India in ca. 1500 BC through the Khyber Pass [ Kos ] [ Chan.S ] [ Chan.H ] [ Chan.V ]. Most of these, barring those known as `vratyas', were under the loose control of Indra of the Lunar Aryan race, who was later elevated into ancestor-godhood. The incredible damage done to Indian civilisation, culture, human population and environment during the Aryan invasions which spanned 1000 years are almost beyond estimation and beggar belief. Following this cataclysmic invasion, civilization in India collapsed into 1000 years of complete darkness. During this Vedic Dark Age (1500 BC - 500 BC) no civilization survives, no writing, nor any trace of the existence of even a semi-civilization. There is, even now in the late 20th century, complete ignorance concerning this era of Indian history. It was an unending series of slaughters and massacres of native Indians by barbaric invaders who considered it meritorious to butcher those of a different race.

1.1 Destruction of Harappan Cities
Indra was the first of the nomadic Aryan leaders to descend into India, indulging in cold-bloode
d murder of non-Aryans and wholesale genocide that matched those of the Nazi Germans centuries later. He was the epitome of the Aryan invader, and sybolised all that they stood for. Cruel and blood-thirsty, he was completely ruthless in warfare. This leader was later deified for his services to his `varna' (`skin color' or race). He killed his father in cold blood just because he had taken some of Indra's intoxicant, and was known to be a habitual drunkard. Tyrannical and barbaric, he ruthlessly slaughtered the Dasyus (`slaves', a contemptuous term applied to the native Sudroids). Entire cities were burnt down and their populations massacred. Regarding the origin of the term `Arya', Gunderic writes " `Arya' is a purely racial term, a probable derivation is 'ar', meaning strength or valour, from ar to fight, whence we have the name of the Greek war-god Ares." [ Gun ] This should lay to rest negationist claims put forth by Brahiminist scholars that `Arya' is not a racial term. The negationism and the fantasies set forth by some Brahmins that the Indus Valley was `Aryan' shall be dealt with later on. Indeed, so detailed is the evidence still surviving that the individual stages in the conquest can be traced. Sack of the Minor Towns

Initially, Indra sacked and pillaged the minor towns and villages of the Indus countryside. He is thus praised by the Vedic sages as Puroha or Purandhara, `sacker of cities' [ S+T.366 ] and is later elevated into godhood, ultimately becoming an incarnation of Vishnu. He destroyed 100 minor Indus towns:
" Indra overthrew 100 Puras made of stone ( asmanmayi ) for his worshipper Divodasa [ RgV.IV.30.20 ], evidently belonging to Sambara who is a Dasa ( non-Aryan black ) of the mountain " [ RgV.VI.26.5 ]

1.2 Genocide of Negroids, Semites and Mongoloids
All non-Aryan races were subject to genocide. The indigenous races are referred to in Aryan scriptures as
Blacks - `Dasyus'
Semites - `Panis' ( Sans. "Phoenicians")
Mongoloids - Kiratas, Nagas ( Sans. "Kerait Mongols")
We consider the genocide in detail. The major races targetted in this, the first Aryan invasion, were Negroids and Semites. Mongols were targetted in subsequent invasions. In all the following, we refer to primary sources and not secondary renderings. Thus the `sacred' Rig Veda has been quoted all throughout.

Genocide of Negroids
Aboriginal Negroid blacks in India are referred to as `Dasyu'. They are related to African populations, as is evident from [ Sud ]:
Dasyus are described as having black skin, thick noses, and large mouths (ie. prognathism).
Daju - The Daju are a Central African Chadic tribe, and the Dasyu probably represent a prehistoric migration of this tribe to India.
Shiva-worship - The worship of the phallus is common among the abroiginals to this day, and is referred to as common among the Dasyus. The Aryans did not worship Shiva or the phallus, and looked down upon those who did.
An excellent review of all the evidence that the Sudroids (including Dravidians & Kolarians) are Negroids is at [ Sud ] . They were subject to the harshest of treatments and were the prime vicitms of the Aryan genocide. Whereas Sudroid Blacks (Dravidians, modern Dalits, Adivasis, Kolarians) once inhabited the whole of India, they were massacred in all of northern India, surviving only in isolated regions where the Aryans oculd not penetrate (eg. the Brahui of Baluchistan, the Bhils of Rajastan etc.). What follows is the eidence from the horse's mouth, for it was considered a source of merit to have killed the black aboriginals, and the military leaders involved are proudly praised for these deeds
" Thou, Indra, art the destroyer of all the cities, the slayer of the Dasyus, the prosperer of man, the lord of the sky."
-- [ RgV.VIII.87.6 ] [ Muir I.175 ]
" Indra, the slayer of Vrittra, the destroyer of cities, has scattered the Dasyu (hosts) sprang from a black womb. "
-- [ RgV. II.20.6 ] [ Muir I.174 ]
The ancient singer praises the god who "destroyed the Dasyans and protected the Aryan colour." [ Rg.V. III.34.9 ] [ Ann. 114 ] and "the thunderer who bestowed on his white friends the fields, bestowed the sun, bestowed the waters." [ Rg.V. I.100.18 ] [ Ann. 114 ] Numerous are the references to "the black skin" `Krishnam Vacham' [ RgV. IX.41.1, Sam.V. I.491, II.242 ] [ Ann. 114 ] which is mentioned with abhorrence.
Again " stormy gods who rush on like furious bulls and scatter the black skin." [ RgV.IX.73.5 ]
The singers mention "the black skin, the hated of Indra", being swept ourtof heaven [ RgV.IX.73.5 ]
"Indra protected in battle the Aryan worshipper, he subdued the lawless for Manu, he conqured the black skin." [ Rg.V. I.130.8 ] [ Ann.114 ]
The sacrificer poured out thanks to his god for "scattering the slave bands of black descent", and for stamping out " the vile Dasyan colour." [ Rg.V. II.20.7, II.12.4 ] [ Ann. 115 ]
"Black skin is impious" [ Rg.V. II.12.4 ] [ Muir Pt.I, p.43, II, p.284, 323 etc. ] [ Ann. 114 ff ].
"[Indra] made the impious varNa of the dAsas lower and hidden." [ RV. II.12.4 ]
The Negroid aboriginals were not just slain in battle, but women, chlidren and the elderly were subject to massacres even when they were unarmed. In other words, this was a genocide or ethnic cleansing on a large scale. No mercy was shown by Indra and his Aryan hordes to captured blacks. Especially common was the surrounding of a town by Aryan forces so that no escape was possible, followed by the firing of the city. Those blacks not burnt alive & who managed to escape into the surrounding fields were slaughtered by the Aryans :
" Thou, a hero, a benefactor, hast impelled the character of man; vicotiruos, thou hast burnt up the rite-less Dasyu, as a vessel is consumed by a blaze"
-- [ RgV. I.175.3 ] [ Muir I.174 ]

The result of this genocide was that Sudroids disappeared from the plains of northern India, surviving only in modern Bundelkhand, Gondwana, Bhilwana & Chota Nagpur. They also survived in southern India where the Dravidian branch of the Sudroids still represent a majority of the population. In fact, the plains of northern India were entirely devoid of blacks for several centuries till the advent of the more tolerant Muslims, who imported large numbers of blacks from Gondwana & Dravidia as labourers in plantations. The system of Islamic plantation labour and slavery was in fact much more liberal than the genocide of the Aryans.

Genocide of Semites
Although Negroids (Dravidians and Kolarians) represent the original inhabitants of India, large number of Semites (referred to as `Panis' or Phoenicians in Aryan records) immigrated into the Indus Valley. They introduced features of Mesopotamian civilization, eg. seals, ziggurats etc. and eventually came to form nearly half of the population of the Indus Valley.

These Semites were also subject to genocide by the Aryans. No regard was shown to the life of these non-Aryans. During the height of the slaughter, an Aryan poet encourages his brethren to continue the genocide of Semites:
" Ye mighty ones [ Aryan Asvins ] what do you do there;

why do you stay there among the people who are held in high esteem through not offering sacrifices;
ignore them, destroy the life of the Panis "
-- [ RgV I.83.3 ] [ S+T.365 ]

During the large-scale burning of Indus cities by Aryans depicted above in `Genocide of Negroids' most of the Semites perished as well.

A summary that the Panis represent a branch of Semitic Phoenicians that migrated to India in prehistoric times is given below :
Trade: The Panis are referred to as traders, the traditional profession of Phoenicians and Semites.
Currency: In fact, a currency, the pana, is current in India much later during Maurya times. It is named after this merchant race.
Pani and Phoenician are cognate terms.
Hence the hatred Hitler felt for the Semitic Jews in Nazi Germany is mirrored in the Vedas. We wonder if this was the source for Hitler's feelings towards Semites. Considering the importance given by Nazis to the Indo-Aryan texts, the adoption of the swastika, the re-use of the term and racial concept of `Aryan', this is quite likely.

Genocide of Mongoloids

The Mongoloids entered India from the north-east, eventually forming a significant minority (probably 5- 10 %) of the Indus Valley (cf. the Mongoloid skulls of Mohenjo-daro) and the bulk of the population in Eastern India and the Ganges delta. Aryan records refer to them as `Nagas' (Snake-worshippers) and `Kiratas' (Mongoloid Keraits). They were thus not the immediate victims of the First Aryan Holocaust, but were suffered much during subsequent Aryan invasions into Eastern India.
1.3 Casualty Estimate - 5 million
The areal extent of the Indus Valley civilization exceeded that of the Egyptian and Mesopotamian put together. The population of Egypt in the 2nd millenium BC is put at 2-3 million [ EB 18 `egypt' 104 ]. The Mesopotamian was of similar magnitude, and hence the total population of the Indus Valley was likely to have been 5-6 million. This is the lower limit to the casualty estimate for the First Sudra Holocaust only, for the overwhelming bulk of this population was slaughtered in battle or during the mass burning of the Indus cities.

The population of Mohenjo-daro was estimated by Lambrick at 35000 and that of Harappa as being similar, while Fairservis gave estimates of 41250 for Mohenjo-daro and 23500 for Harappa [ EB 21 `ind' 27 ]. Thus, the death toll from the destruction of these two cities alone can be estimated at 40000 Semite Panis & 40000 Sudroids Negroes.
The total casualty estimate for the entire period of Early Aryan Invasions is perhaps around 20 million, more than 3 times larger than the genocide of Jews by Nazis.

Exalted Indra -
In addition to deification for his extermination of native Indian races, Indra is praised for several other deeds :
Patricide : Indra is praised for having murdered his father when he stole some of Indra's soma:
" Who has made thy mother a widow? Who has sought to slay the sleeping and the waking? What deity has been more gracious than thou, since thou hast slain thy father having seized him by the foot? "
-- [ RgV.IV.18.12 ] [ S+T.371 ]

He performed this deed as his father had stolen some intoxicant from Indra's stock [ Tait.Sam. VI.1.3.6 ][ S+T.371 ].
Drunkard : Indra was a habitual drunkard and murdered in that inebriated state. "To the ancient poets of the Rigveda, the personal bearing and strength of Indra were highly honourable, though these were often exhibited under the influence of alcohol or the intoxicating drink they call soma" [ S+T.371].

Adultery : Indra was famous as an adulterer, having seduced many married women (cf. Ahalya etc.)
Following this, the First Aryan Invasion, civilization disappeared from India for one thousand years (1500 BC - 500 BC). No city was built during this era of darkness, writing was forgotten, no literature survives. Just pure darkness. Yet Indra was subsequently deified and is today considered an incarnation of Vishnu, the supreme god of Indo-Aryans!  ...

Indian historian Kuttikhat Purushothama Chon believes that Abraham was driven out of India. He states that the Aryans, unable to defeat the Asuras (The mercantile caste that once ruled in the Indus Valley or Harappans) spent so many years fighting covertly against the Asuras, such as destroying their huge system of irrigation lakes, causing destructive flooding, that Abraham and his kindred just gave up and marched to West Asia. (See Remedy the Frauds in Hinduism.) Therefore, besides being driven out of Northern India by floods, the Aryans also forced Indian merchants, artisans, and educated classes to flee to West Asia.

"The Arabian historians contend that Brahma and Abraham, their ancestor, are the same person. The Persians generally called Abraham Ibrahim Zeradust. Cyrus considered the religion of the Jews the same as his own. The Hindoos must have come from Abraham, or the Israelites from Brahma..." (Anacalypsis; Vol. I, p. 396.)

"...the Temple of Mecca was founded by a colony of Brahmins from India.it was a sacred place before the time of Mohamed, and.they were permitted to make pilgrimages to it for several centuries after his time. Its great celebrity as a sacred place long before the time of the prophet cannot be doubted." (Anacalypsis, Vol. I, p. 421.)

"...the city of Mecca is said by the Brahmins, on the authority of their old books, to have been built by a colony from India; and its inhabitants from the earliest era have had a tradition that it was built by Ishmael, the son of Agar. This town, in the Indus language, would be called Ishmaelistan." (Ibid, p. 424.)

Vol 2  India and Southeast Asia to 1800
Sanderson Beck

Generally the hymns of the Rig Veda praise the gods and ask them for worldly benefits such as wealth, health, long life, protection, and victory over the Dasa peoples.
He, self-reliant, mighty and triumphant,
brought low the dear head of the wicked Dasas.
Indra the Vritra-slayer, Fort-destroyer,
scattered the Dasa hosts who dwelt in darkness.
For men hath he created earth and waters,
and ever helped the prayer of him who worships.
To him in might the Gods have ever yielded,
to Indra in the tumult of battle.
When in his arms they laid the bolt,
he slaughtered the Dasyus
and cast down their forts of iron.

They call upon Brihaspati or Brahmanaspati, who has been related to a Hittite thunder-god, to avenge the sinner and protect them from the deceitful and wicked man. The Aryans did have a concept of eternal law called rita, which the immortal Agni in serving the gods is said to never break (Rig Veda III:3:1).
In Rig Veda III:34:9 Indra killed the Dasyus and "gave protection to the Aryan color." Not only did the Aryans shamelessly pray for booty in war, but they based their militarily won supremacy on the lightness of their skin color compared to the dark colors of the native Dasyus. They arrogantly proclaimed, "Let those who have no weapons suffer sorrow." (Rig Veda IV:5:14.)
Renowned is he when conquering and when slaying:
'tis he who wins cattle in the combat.
When Indra hardens his indignation
all that is fixed and all that moves fear him.
Indra has won all kine, all gold, all horses, -
Maghavan, he who breaks forts in pieces;

Indra is praised for killing thousands of the abject tribes of Dasas with his arrow and taking great vengeance with "murdering weapons." (Rig Veda IV:28:3-4) One hymn mentions sending thirty thousand Dasas "to slumber" and another hymn sixty thousand slain. A hymn dedicated to the weapons of war (Rig Veda VI:75) refers to a warrior "armed with mail," using a bow to win cattle and subdue all regions, "upstanding in the car the skillful charioteer guides his strong horses on whithersoe'er he will." The arrows had iron mouths and shafts "with venom smeared" that "not one be left alive." Hymn VII:83 begins, "Looking to you and your alliance, O ye men, armed with broad axes they went forward, fain for spoil. Ye smote and slew his Dasa and his Aryan enemies."



 Aryans Invade, Conquer and Make War in the Indus Valley
Around 1500 BCE, rainfall in the Indus Valley region increased again, making the Indus Plain better able to support life. It has been estimated by various scholars that between 1500 and 1200 an illiterate, pastoral people migrated from the northwest, perhaps across the steppe lands of what is now central Russia, through Afghanistan, through the Khyber Pass and onto the Indus Plain. These migrants were to be called Aryans and to be classified as Indo-Europeans, their speech related to modern European languages except Basque, Finnish and Hungarian.

With the Ayrans, modern India was to be divided mainly between two language families, one Indo-European and the other Dravidian.

Settlement, Conquest and Autocracy
The Aryans had a horse culture, and no evidence exists of horses among the many representations of animals of the lost Harappan civilization. It is believed by some that like other pastoral people, the Aryans were warriors. They had two-wheeled chariots like the Hyksos that they packed away on carts pulled by oxen.

Indus Valley
The Indus River is surrounded by green. The Khyber Pass is at the top and left of center.
The Aryans were familiar with prowling and hunting with bow and arrow. They enjoyed chariot racing, gambling and fighting. Like other pastoral peoples, men dominated the women. Like the pastoral Hebrews each family was ruled by an authoritarian male. And each Aryan tribe was ruled by a king who felt obliged to consult with tribal councils.

Aryan tribes spread out across the Indus Valley region. They warred against local, non-Aryan people, and they settled in areas that provided them with pasture for their animals. They grouped in villages and built homes of bamboo or light wood – homes without statues or art.

They began growing crops. Their environment supplied them with all they needed, but, responding to their traditions and perhaps impulses, tribes warred against each other – wars that might begin with the stealing of cattle. The word for obtaining cattle, gosati, became synonymous with making war. And their warring grew in scale, including a war between what was said to be ten kings.

Gradually, Aryan tribal kings were changing from tribal leaders to autocratic rulers. They had begun associating their power with the powers of their gods rather than the approval of their fellow tribesmen and had begun allying themselves with priests

. And, as in West Asia, kings were acquiring divinity. By taxing their subjects, these kings could create an army that was theirs rather than an instrument of the tribe. These armies formed a horse-owning aristocracy and were sometimes led in combat by the king, who identified himself grandly as a warrior.

Even  though we look upon this as an agression and invasion, we should remember that in those primitive situation, these were normal tribal behaviour.  It is still common to cattle breeders and nomads to rustle and steal and destroy total villages in these cultures.  This is still going on in the pastoral lands of Sudan.  The Middle Eastern culture of ISIS is just reflection of this primitive life pattern.  It is not something to be ashamed of as it was something to be boasted about in those days.  It is this boasting we see in the Rig Vedic descriptions.

Just compare those days with following similar nomadic aggression in Kenya as given in http://www.pastoralismjournal.com/content/1/1/18. ....

“Pasture and water conflicts have long been part of the socio-cultural pattern of the pastoral communities in Kenya. The communal land ownership tenure system mostly evident in pastoralist areas provides everyone an equal right of exploiting the resources. The lands are traditional tribal grazing areas, such that migration in search of pasture and water by one tribe into areas that belong to other tribes often causes conflict between pastoralists. Besides, livestock movements into grazing lands and watering points that stretch into crop-growing areas also result in conflicts (Dietz 1987). Over time however, pasture and water around the settled areas steadily decreases, leading to emaciation and loss of livestock. Traditionally, whenever scarcity of pasture and water or disease depleted a community's livestock, it often sought to replenish numbers through raiding/rustling (Mkutu 2000).”


 “Researchers found that people from different genetic populations in India began mixing about 4,200 years ago, but the mingling stopped around 1,900 years ago, according to the analysis published today (Aug. 8) in the American Journal of Human Genetics.

Combining this new genetic information with ancient texts, the results suggest that class distinctions emerged 3,000 to 3,500 years ago, and caste divisions became strict roughly two millennia ago.
Though relationships between people of different social groups was once common, there was a "transformation where most groups now practice endogamy," or marry within their group, said study co-author Priya Moorjani, a geneticist at Harvard University.

Ancestral populations
Hindus in India have historically been born into one of four major castes, with myriad subdivisions within each caste. Even today, in some parts of the country, marriage outside of one's caste is forbidden and those in the outcast, or "untouchable" group are discriminated against and prohibited from participating in religious rituals. (The Indian government has outlawed certain types of discrimination against the lowest classes.)

But when and why this system evolved has always been a bit murky, said Michael Witzel, a South Asian studies researcher at Harvard University, who was not involved in the work.

Moorjani's past research revealed that all people in India trace their heritage to two genetic groups: An ancestral North Indian group originally from the Near East and the Caucasus region, and another South Indian group that was more closely related to people on the Andaman Islands.

Today, everyone in India has DNA from both groups. "It's just the proportion of ancestry that you have that varies across India," Moorjani told LiveScience.
To determine exactly when these ancient groups mixed, the team analyzed DNA from 371 people who were members of 73 groups throughout the subcontinent.
Aside from finding when the mixing started and stopped, the researchers also found the mixing was thorough, with even the most isolated tribes showing ancestry from both groups.
Period of transition
Researchers aren't sure which groups of ancient people lived in India prior to 4,200 years ago, but Moorjani suspects the two groups lived side-by-side for centuries without intermarrying.
Archaeological evidence indicates that the groups began intermarrying during a time of great upheaval. The Indus Valley civilization, which spanned much of modern-day North India and Pakistan, was waning, and huge migrations were occurring across North India. [History's Most Overlooked Mysteries]
Ancient texts also reveal clues about the period.
The Rigveda, a nearly 3,500-year-old collection of hymns written in Sanskrit, a North Indian language, mentions chieftains with South Indian names.
"So there is some sort of mixture or intermarriage," Witzel told LiveScience.
Early on, there were distinct classes of people — the priests, the nobility and the common people — but no mention of segregation or occupational restrictions. By about 3,000 years ago, the texts mention a fourth, lowest class: the Sudras. But it wasn't until about 100 B.C. that a holy text called the Manusmruti explicitly forbade intermarriage across castes.
The study doesn't suggest that either the ancestral North or South Indian group formed the bulk of the upper or lower castes, Witzel said.
Rather, when caste divisions hardened, any type of intermarriage was sharply curtailed, leading to much less mixing overall.”

The following basic traits of the Proto-Indo-Europeans and their environment are widely agreed upon but still hypothetical due to their reconstructed nature:
  • Pastoralism, including domesticated cattle, horses, and dogs[2]
  • agriculture and cereal cultivation, including technology commonly ascribed to late-Neolithic farming communities, e.g., the plow
  • a climate with winter snow
  • transportation by or across water
  • the solid wheel,  used for wagons, but not yet chariots with spoked wheels
  • worship of a sky god, *dyeus phtēr (lit. "sky father"; > Ancient Greek Ζεύς (πατήρ) / Zeus (patēr); *dieu-phtēr > Latin Jupiter; Illyrian Deipaturos
  • oral heroic poetry or song lyrics that used stock phrases such as imperishable fame
  • a patrilineal kinship-system based on relationships between men
The Proto-Indo-Europeans had a patrilineal society, relying largely on agriculture, but partly on animal husbandry, notably of cattle and sheep. They had domesticated horses –*eḱwos (cf. Latin equus).
  • The cow (*gwous) played a central role, in religion and mythology as well as in daily life. A man's wealth would have been measured by the number of his animals (small livestock), *peḱu (cf. English fee, Latin pecunia).
  • They practiced a polytheistic religion centered on sacrificial rites, probably administered by a priestly caste. Burials in barrows or tomb chambers apply to the Kurgan culture, in accordance with the original version of the Kurgan hypothesis, but not to the previous Sredny Stog culture, which is also generally associated with PIE. Important leaders would have been buried with their belongings in kurgans, and possibly also with members of their households or wives (human sacrifice, suttee).
  • Many Indo-European societies know a threefold division of priests, a warrior class, and a class of peasants or husbandmen. Georges Dumézil has suggested such a division for Proto-Indo-European society.
As for technology, reconstruction indicates a culture of the late Neolithic bordering on the early Bronze Age, with tools and weapons very likely composed of "natural bronze" (i.e., made from copper ore naturally rich in silicon or arsenic). Silver and gold were known, but not silver smelting (as PIE has no word for lead, a by-product of silver smelting), thus suggesting that silver was imported.  Wikki

A summary of arguements are given in the

Models of the Indo-Aryan migration discusses scenarios of prehistoric migrations of the early Indo-Aryans to their historically attested areas of settlement (North India). The Indo-Aryans derive from an earlier Proto-Indo-Iranian stage, usually identified with the Bronze Age Andronovo culture at the Caspian Sea. Their migration to and within Northern India has been theorized to have taken place in the Middle to Late Bronze Age, contemporary to the Late Harappan phase in India (ca. 1700 to 1300 B.C..). The origin of the Indo-Aryan people addresses a bigger issue within the origin of races. Did humanity have a single origin or multiple origins? For those who aim to prove that the Indian race had its origin in India, the multiple origin theory is the only explanation. Those who seek to prove the origin of their race in their kingdom have many challenges to that belief. In the case of the Indian people, the Indo-Aryan race is one, and probably the first, race that makes up the Indian people. The Indian people are comprised of a number of races, defying the notion of a single race.

In the case of the Indo-Aryan race, they indeed appear to have origin roots other than in India. Using a complex system of analysis to trace the origin of the Indo-Aryan's, a mix of language analysis, DNA tracing, review of ancient writings, and religions, the Aryan race appears to have its origin in the Black Sea region. They migrated from that region to many places, including the Indus Valley Civilization in northwest India, one of the first civilizations in the world. India has, since that time about 5000 years ago, developed into a multi ethnic people, having distinct racial differences between the southern, eastern, northern, and western peoples. Still, in spite of the racial differences among the people of India, they have achieved a oneness in the creation of the Republic of India that seeks to transcend race.

The linguistic center of gravity principle states that a language family's most likely point of origin lay in the area of its greatest diversity.
[Edward Sapir and David Goodman Mandelbaum. Selected Writings in Language, Culture and Personality. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1949), 55
Robert Gordon Latham, as cited in J. P. Mallory. In Search of the Indo-Europeans: Language, Archaeology, and Myth. (New York, NY: Thames and Hudson, 1989), 152]
By that hypothesis, India, home to only a single branch of the Indo-European language family (i.e. Indo-Aryan), appears an exceedingly unlikely candidate for the Indo-European homeland. Central-Eastern Europe, on the other hand, serves as home to the Italic, Venetic, Illyrian, Germanic, Baltic, Slavic, Thracian, and Greek branches of Indo-European. [Mallory, 1989, 152–153] Both mainstream Urheimat solutions locate the Indo-European homeland in the vicinity of the Black Sea.[Mallory, 1989, 177–185]
Early 2nd millennium introduction of the chariot to India corresponds with the overall picture of the spread of this innovation (Mesopotamia 1700 B.C.., China 1600, Northern Europe 1300).

Dialectical variation
A binary tree model fails to capture all linguistic alignments. Certain areal features cut across language groups and a model treating linguistic change like waves rippling out through a pond better explains the phenomena. That holds true of the Indo-European languages as well. A close relationship between the dialectical relationship of the Indo-European languages and the actual geographical arrangement of the languages in their earliest attested forms that makes an Indian origin for the family unlikely. [Hock (1996), "Out of India? The linguistic evidence," in Bronkhorst & Deshpande, 1996]

Movement of Indo-Aryan peoples
The vast majority of the professional archaeologists in India insist that no convincing archaeological evidence exists to support claims of external Indo-Aryan origins. The Andronovo, BMAC and Yaz cultures have often been associated with Indo-Iranian migrations. The Gandhara Grave (GGC), Cemetery H, Copper Hoard and Painted Grey Ware (PGW) cultures stand as candidates for cultures associated with Indo-Aryan movements.

Archaeological cultures associated with Indo-Iranian migrations (after EIEC).


Indo-European isoglosses, including the centum and satem languages (blue and red, respectively), augment, PIE *-tt- > -ss-, *-tt- > -st-, and m-endings.

The Indo-Aryan migration dates from before the Mature Harappan culture. The arrival of Indo-Aryans in the Indian subcontinent dates to the Late Harappan period. Based on linguistic data, many scholars argue that the Indo-Aryan languages arrived in India in the 2nd millennium B.C.. The standard model for the entry of the Indo-European languages into India maintains that the first wave went over the Hindu Kush, forming the Gandhara grave (or Swat) culture, either into the headwaters of the Indus or the Ganges (probably both). The language of the Rigveda, the earliest stratum of Vedic Sanskrit falls between 1500-1200 B.C..[J. P. Mallory and Victor H. Mair. The Tarim Mummies: Ancient China and the Mystery of the Earliest Peoples from the West.(London: Thames & Hudson, 2000)]
The separation of Indo-Aryans proper from Proto-Indo-Iranians has been dated to roughly 2000–1800 B.C.. Indian Archaeologists offer that the Indo-Aryans reached Assyria in the west and the Punjab in the east before 1500 B.C.. The Indo-Aryan Mitanni rulers appear from 1500 B.C.. in northern Mesopotamia, and the Gandhara grave culture emerges from 1600. That suggests that Indo-Aryan tribes would have had to be present in the area of the Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex (southern Turkmenistan/northern Afghanistan) from 1700 B.C.. at the latest (incidentally corresponding with the decline of that culture).

The Gandhara grave culture stands as the most likely locus of the earliest Indo-European presence east of the Hindu Kush of the bearers of Rigvedic culture. Three waves of Indo-Aryan immigration occurred after the mature Harappan phase. First, the Murghamu (BMAC) related people who entered Baluchistan at Pirak, Mehrgarh south cemetery and later merged with the post-urban Harappans during the late Harappans Jhukar phase. Second, the Swat IV that co-founded the Harappan Cemetery H phase in Punjab. And third, the Rigvedic Indo-Aryans of Swat V who absorbed the Cemetery H people, giving rise to the Painted Grey Ware culture. The first two to 2000-1800 B.C.. and the third to 1400 B.C..[Rajesh Kochhar. The Vedic People: Their History and Geography. (London: Sangam Books, 2000), 185–186]

The conventional identification of the Andronovo culture as Indo-Iranian has been disputed by those who point to the absence south of the Oxus River of the characteristic timber graves of the steppe. Based on its use by Indo-Aryans in Mitanni and Vedic India, its prior absence in the Near East and Harappan India, and its sixteenth–seventeenth century B.C.. attestation at the Andronovo site of Sintashta, Kuzmina (1994) argues that the chariot corroborates the identification of Andronovo as Indo-Iranian.

Y-Haplogroup R1 distribution.png
Distribution of R1a (purple) and R1b (red)
Bactria-Margiana Archaeological Complex (BMAC)
A movement of peoples from Central Asia to the south may explain the characteristically BMAC artifacts found at burials in Mehrgarh and Baluchistan. The exclusively Central Asian BMAC material inventory of the Mehrgarh and Baluchistan burials evidence that people migrated from Central Asia at the time Indo-Aryans arrive.
Indus Valley Civilization

Indo-Aryan migration into the northern Punjab happened about the same time as the final phase of the decline of the Indus-Valley civilization (IVC). The historical Vedic culture may have resulted from an amalgamation of the immigrating Indo-Aryans with the remnants of the indigenous civilization, such as the Ochre Coloured Pottery culture. Some scholars have questioned the arrival of the Indo-Aryan as the cause for the end of the Indus Valley Civilization.

Gandhara grave culture
The diversion of Haplogroup F and its descendants.
About 1800 B.C.., a major cultural change in the Swat Valley appeared with the emergence of the Gandhara grave culture. With its introduction of new ceramics, new burial rites, and the horse, the Gandhara grave culture became a major candidate for early Indo-Aryan presence. The two new burial rites—flexed inhumation in a pit and cremation burial in an urn—were, according to early Vedic literature, both practiced in early Indo-Aryan society. Horse-trappings indicate the importance of the horse to the economy of the Gandharan grave culture. Two horse burials indicate the importance of the horse in other respects. Horse burial is a custom that Gandharan grave culture has in common with Andronovo, though not within the distinctive timber-frame graves of the steppe.

Physical Anthropology
The spread of the Indo-European languages has been associated with Y-chromosome haplogroup R1a1, identified with genetic marker M17, conducted by the National Geographic Society states that M17 arose "in the region of present-day Ukraine or southern Russia."

[The Genographic Project: Atlas of the Human Journey. nationalgeographic.com. Retrieved July 10, 2008.]

Textual References
The earliest written evidence for an Indo-Aryan language appeared not in India but, rather, in northern Syria in Hittite records regarding one of their neighbors, the Hurrian-speaking Mitanni. In a treaty with the Hittites, the king of Mitanni, after swearing by a series of Hurrian gods, swears by the gods Mitrašil, Uruvanaššil, Indara, and Našatianna, who correspond to the Vedic gods Mitra, Varuṇa, Indra, and Nāsatya

Haplogroup F (Y-DNA)
The diversion of Haplogroup F and its descendants.


Clustering analysis from Rosenberg (2006), shows no distinctive genetic cluster compositions among Indo-Aryan populations in India, though there is a slight change in the specific Indo-Aryan populations of the Punjab, Sindh andKashmir regions located in the north-west of South Asia.

Clustering analysis from Rosenberg (2006), shows no distinctive genetic cluster compositions among Indo-Aryan populations in India, though there is a slight change in the specific Indo-Aryan populations of the Punjab, Sindh and Kashmir regions located in the north-west of South Asia.
Contemporary equestrian terminology, as recorded in a horse-training manual, author identified as "Kikkuli the Mitannian," contains Indo-Aryan loanwords. The personal names and gods of the Mitanni aristocracy also bear traces of Indo-Aryan. Because of that association of Indo-Aryan with horsemanship and the Mitanni aristocracy, the Indo-Aryan charioteers may have been absorbed into the local population and adopted the Hurrian language.[Mallory, 1989]

Chariot spread
Early 2nd millennium introduction of the chariot to India corresponds with the overall picture of the spread of this innovation (Mesopotamia 1700 B.C.., China 1600, Northern Europe 1300, Harappa 1500, Ganges Valley 1200 BCE
This establishes the origin in Europe in 2000 BCE).

The possibility that the Indo-Aryans of Mitanni came from the Indian subcontinent, as well as the possibility that the Indo-Aryans of the Indian subcontinent came from the territory of Mitanni, has been questioned. That leaves migration from the north the only likely scenario.[Mallory, 1989]

The Rigveda represents by far the most archaic testimony of Vedic Sanskrit. Nevertheless, Rigvedic data must be used, cautiously, as they represent the earliest available textual evidence from India.

Rigvedic society as pastoral society
The Rigveda mentions fortifications (púr), mostly made of mud and wood (palisades), mainly as the abode of hostile peoples, while the Aryan tribes live in víś, a term translated as "settlement, homestead, house, dwelling," but also "community, tribe, troops".[Mallory, 1989]
Indra in particular has been described as "destroyer of fortifications," e.g. RV 4.30.20ab:
satám asmanmáyinaam / purām índro ví asiyat
"Indra overthrew a hundred fortresses of stone."
The Rigveda contains, according to some, phrases referring to elements of an urban civilization, other than the mere viewpoint of an invader aiming at sacking the fortresses. For example, Indra is compared to the lord of a fortification (pūrpatis) in RV 1.173.10, while quotations such as a ship with a hundred oars in 1.116 and metal forts (puras ayasis) in 10.101.8 all occur in mythological contexts only.

Rigvedic reference to migration
No clear mention of an outward or inward migration exists in the Rig Veda. Just as the Avesta lacks a mention of an external homeland of the Zoroastrians, the Rigveda lacks explicit reference to an external homeland or to a migration. Later texts than the Rigveda (such as the Brahmanas, the Mahabharata, Ramayana and the Puranas) center more in the Ganges region.

That shift from the Punjab to the Gangetic plain continues the Rigvedic tendency of eastward expansion, but falls short of implying an origin beyond the Indus watershed. The Rig Veda contains names (such as Rasa/Raha, Sarayu/Haroyu) that represent memories of the Volga, as well as the Pani (Parni) tribe and the Herat Rivers in western Afghanistan.

Rigvedic Rivers and Reference of Samudra
The geography of the Rigveda seemingly centers around the land of the seven rivers. While the geography of the Rigvedic rivers remains unclear in the early mandalas, the Nadistuti hymn provides an important source for the geography of late Rigvedic society. The Sarasvati River constitutes one of the chief Rigvedic rivers. The Nadistuti hymn in the Rigveda mentions the Sarasvati between the Yamuna in the east and the Sutlej in the west, and later texts like the Brahmanas and Mahabharata mention that the Sarasvati dried up in a desert.

A non-Indo-Aryan substratum in the river-names and place-names of the Rigvedic homeland would support an external origin of the Indo-Aryans. Most place-names in the Rig Veda, and the vast majority of the river-names in the north-west of India, have Indo-Aryan roots.[Edwin F. Bryant. The Quest for the Origins of Vedic Culture: The Indo-Aryan Migration Debate. (Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, 2001)] They frequent appear in the Ghaggar and Kabul River areas,[Michael Witzel, 1999, "Substrate Languages in Old Indo-Aryan (Ṛgvedic, Middle and Late Vedic)." Electronic Journal of Vedic Studies 5, online  Retrieved November 11, 2008.] the first being a post-Harappan stronghold of Indus populations.

Iranian Avesta
The religious practices depicted in the Rig Veda and those depicted in the Avesta have in common the deity Mitra. The Indo-Aryan deva 'god' cognates with the Iranian daēva 'demon'. Similarly, the Indo-Aryan asura 'name of a particular group of gods' (later on, 'demon') cognates with the Iranian ahura 'lord, god,' a reflection of religious rivalry between Indo-Aryans and Iranians.[Thomas Burrow, as cited in J. P. Mallory. In Search of the Indo-Europeans: Language, Archaeology, and Myth. (New York, NY: Thames and Hudson, 1989.)] Mention occurs in the Avesta of Airyanəm Vaējah, one of the "16 the lands of the Aryans" as well as Zarathustra himself.

Other Hindu texts
Some Indologists have noted that textual evidence in the early literary traditions fails to unambiguously show a connection with an Indo-Aryan migration. Texts like the Puranas and Mahabharata belong to a later period than the Rigveda, making their evidence less than sufficient to be used for or against the Indo-Aryan migration theory.
Later Vedic texts show a shift of location from the Panjab to the East: according to the Yajur Veda, Yajnavalkya (one of the Vedic Seers) lived in the eastern region of Mithila. Aitareya Brahmana 33.6.1. records that Vishvamitra's sons migrated to the north, and in Shatapatha Brahmana 1:2:4:10 the Asuras were driven to the north. In still later texts, Manu was said to be a king from Dravida. In the legend of the flood he was stranded with his ship in Northwestern India or the Himalayas.

The Vedic lands (e.g. Aryavarta, Brahmavarta), sit in Northern India or at the Sarasvati and Drsadvati River, according to Hindu texts. The Mahabharata Udyoga Parva (108) describes the East as the homeland of the Vedic culture. The legends of Ikshvaku, Sumati and other Hindu legends may have their origin in South-East Asia.

Geography of the Rigveda, with river names; the extent of the Swat and Cemetery H cultures are indicated.
The evidence from the Puranas has been disputed because the text appears comparably late, dated from c. 400 to c. 1000 C.E.; whereas the Rig Veda dates from before 1200 B.C.. Thus approximately 1600 to 2200 years separate the Reg Veda and the Puranas, though scholars argue that some contents of the Puranas may date to an earlier period. The Puranas record that Yayati left Prayag (confluence of Ganga & Yamuna) and conquered the region of Saptha Sindhu. His five sons Yadu, Druhyu, Puru, Anu and Turvashu became the main tribes of the Rigveda.
The Puranas also record that Mandhatr was driven out the Druhyus of the land of the seven rivers and that their next king Ghandara settled in a north-western region which became known as Gandhara. The sons of the later Druhyu king Pracetas migrated to the region north of Afghanistan. Several Puranas recorded that migration.

Vedic and Puranic genealogies
The Vedic and Puranic genealogies indicate a greater antiquity of the Vedic culture. The Puranas themselves deem those lists incomplete. The accuracy of the lists has been disputed. In Arrian's Indica, Megasthenes has been quoted as stating that the Indians counted from Shiva (Dionysos) to Chandragupta Maurya (Sandracottus) "a hundred and fifty-three kings over six thousand and forty-three years." The Brhadaranyaka Upanishad (4.6.), (ca. eighth century B.C..), mentions 57 links in the Guru-Parampara ("succession of teachers"). That would mean that Guru-Parampara would go back about 1400 years. The list of kings in Kalhana's Rajatarangini goes back to the nineteenth century B.C
History and Political background
Cluster of Indus Valley Civilization site along the possible course of Sarasvati/Ghaggar-Hakra River.

In the earliest phase of Indo-European studies, Sanskrit had been assumed close to (if not identical with) hypothetical Proto-Indo-European language. Its geographical location also fit the Biblical model of human migration. That model presented Europeans as descended from the tribe of Japhet, son of Noah, supposed to have expanded from Mount Ararat after the Flood. Iran and northern India seemed the likely early areas of settlement for the Japhetites.
In the nineteenth century, as the field of historical linguistics progressed, and Bible-based models of history fell into disrepute, Sanskrit lost priority. In line with mid to late nineteenth century ideas, an Aryan 'invasion' became the vehicle of the language transfer. Max Muller estimated the date to be around 1500–1200 B.C.., a date also supported by more recent scholars.

The Indus Valley civilization, discovered in the 1920s, had been unknown to nineteenth century scholars. The discovery of the Harappa and Mohenjo-daro sites changed the theory. It transformed from an invasion of advanced Aryan people into an aboriginal population to an invasion of nomadic barbarians on an advanced urban civilization. In the later twentieth century, ideas refined. Migration and acculturation have become viewed as the method Indo-Aryan spread into northwest India around 1700 B.C.. Those changes square with changes in thinking about language transfer in general, such as the migration of the Greeks into Greece (between 2100 and 1600 B.C..), or the Indo-Europeanization of Western Europe (between 2200 and 1300 B.C..).

Political debate and implications
The debate over such a migration, and the accompanying influx of elements of Vedic religion from Central Asia, has led to hot debate in India. Foremost, Hindutva (Hindu nationalist) organizations oppose the concept. Outside India, the perceived political overtones of the theory have less sway. Scholars discuss the concept in the larger framework of Indo-Iranian and Indo-European expansion.

Even though it lies outside the mainstream academic consensus, an "Indian Urheimat" (Out of India OOI) has its proponents. "Out of India" scenarios that locate the Indo-European homeland on the Indian subcontinent have had some currency in Hindu nationalism since the 2000s, but found little support in the academic community.

If you look at the credentials of those that support the OOI we can see their interest in establishing the primacy of the Hindu Aryanism.  They are new converts to the “Sanatana Dharma” or nationalists of India.  As much as they claim self interest to the British Scholars who studied the language and translated them into English and made available to the world to see, a greater self interest is reflected in the new OOIs. Notice how much they have gained by the “Damnatio memoriae” of their forefathers. What gives them away is only their inadverted boasting.

I have given enough evidence to support the theory that the Aryans came to India later than the Abrahamic children of Keturah.  Even the Dravids themselves were immigrants and wanderers into this land today known as India and displaced the then present people and occupied the land and established themselves. Unless the first man Adam was an Aryan from India evidently none can claim India as their origin.  We are all wanderers and sojourners in this world.  We are all passing through. The closest analogy will be the claim of the Americans to say after 3500 years that the original inhabitants of America was the American whites. The DNA analysis will show an equal distribution of the whites all over USA with little or no trace of Red Indian genes.  The entire civilization of the world started from San Jose, California.
A nice summary of the denial of Aryan Invasion into India is given in http://www.imninalu.net/IndusValley.htm---  The Indus Valley History Chronology (Until the 11th Century C.E.)
“On the other side, the Indian nationalist viewpoint rejects the unquestionable fact of the Aryan invasion, which is supported by overwhelming proofs, and labels this historical event as a myth. Such behaviour is not exclusive of Hindu nationalists, as they follow the typical chauvinistic ideology of many other modern political entities (as for example, the Soviet/Russian theory of the purely Slavic origin of Rus′, which against all proofs denies the Varangian colonization and the Khazar contribution, or the Romanians' Daco-Roman myth, or the many Arab fables and other similar revisionist fabrications of history). In the same way, Hindus also ascribe to their most ancient literature a much older composition period than the actual one, making the Vedic age extremely long, while in fact Indian history has not been dated until the 7th century c.e. and any previous alleged time of occurrence of events is uncertain with reference to the Indian accounts. It is possible to determine a chronology from non-Indian sources, mainly Persian or Greek, and probably the first recorded year which regards the Indus Valley is 326 bce, when Alexander the Great conquered the region.”