The Theology of Purusha
Purusha within Purusha
World within World
Body of God
The Zohar explains the term "Ein Sof" as
"Before He gave any shape to the world, before He
produced any form, He was alone, without form and without
resemblance to anything else. Who then can comprehend how He was
before the Creation? Hence it is forbidden to lend Him any form or
similitude, or even to call Him by His sacred name, or to indicate
Him by a single letter or a single point. . . . But after He
created the form of the Heavenly Man, He used him as a chariot
wherein to descend, and He wishes to be called after His form, which
is the sacred name 'YHWH'."
There was something formless and perfect before the universe was
born. It is serene, Empt,. Solitary, Unchanging, Infinite, Eternally
present. It is the mother of the universe. For lack of a better
name,I call it the Tao --Tao
As Samuel Liddell Mathers (1854-1918) wrote in The
Kabbalah Unveiled (a translation of Knorr Von Rosenroth's Kabbala
"To define negative existence clearly
is impossible, for when it is distinctly defined it ceases to be
negative existence; it is then negative existence passing into
static condition. Therefore wisely have the Qabalists shut out from
mortal comprehension the primal Ain, the negatively existent One,
and the Ain Soph, the limitless Expansion; while of even the Ain
Soph Aur, the illimitable Light, only a dim conception can be
The Veils contain and conceal the unmanifest aspects of the
sefirot, i.e. precisely those aspects which we cannot comprehend.
They are considered as lying back from Kether without being separate
from it, which is why terms like "The Concealed of the
Concealed" are often applied to both the first sefira and the
Veils. Kether is brought into being by the concentration of the en
"Kether is the Malkuth of the
Kether is the uncreated and all-encompassing "point" of
actionless unity which is both transcendent and immanent in its
evanescent reflection: the Creation. The immanence of Kether is
experienced in progressively more diluted forms in the remainder of
the sefirot; its transcendence is found in the three Veils of
Adam Kadmon (Primordiall
the first partzuf (person)
to become manifest in the chalal
(vacuum) which results from
the tzimtzum (contraction)
of the God's Infinite Light (Ein Sof Or). It
is emanated by the kav (ray
of Divine light) which initially permeates the chalal.
Its emanation takes place in two stages, first in the form of ten
"concentric circles" (egulim) which radiate from
the kav, and
then in the form of a "man-like" being (yosher)
which "enclothes" the kav. Adam
Kadmon is in
a way a created being --Adam—and also a manifestation of
primordial Divinity--Kadmon - the Cosmic Christ who can be known
by the creation. Therefore Adam
Kadmon represents the archetypal soul of Messiah,
the ultimate "crown" of all of God's Creation.
Adam Kadamon exists in the Divine World which is in contact
with the creation. He is
not a creation but an emanation or Ein Sof which took form.
many other titles, like the Concealer of the Concealed, the White
Head and the Crown of all Crowns. Most
Kabbalists knew it by the God-Name Ehyeh or
I Am, where the Absolute allowed Existence to be.
This is the Saguna Brahman.
God who can be known. Adam
Ḳadmon is comparable to the Anthropos of Gnosticism and Manichaeism
(from which Hinduism arose). There is also a similar concept in Alevi and Sufic (Islamic
Mysticism) philosophy called al-Insān
الكامل), the Perfect or
The first Light, or first Sefirah,
is the manifestation of Divinity.
He is the seed of the cosmos - the Hiranyagarbha still
attached to the Unknowable Ein Sof and Ein sof Ohr.
When God willed the World to come into being, the seed took
root and grew downward into the trunk, branch and fruit of a Divine
Tree that would act as an intermediary between the World and God.
So while Kether is "the First Cause" in the sense of being
the first comprehensible point of manifestation, its cause is
unknowable within the confines of the human mind (though this does
not mean that it is absolutely unknowable), and this is expressed
through the Veils. Most
Christians identify this first manifestation as YHVH . He is often
called the Angel of the Lord in the Old Testament as he appeared
through history. It then
created the rest of the body
"Creation is the primary and most perfect revelation of
the Divine." -- Thomas Aquinas
"God remains in immediate sustaining attentiveness to
everything that exists, precisely in its 'thisness.'" -- John
was a miraculous act of creation of the world out of nothing, so
they thought. Or, granted an eternity of the raw matter, it was at
least the miraculous interference of an artificer (there wasn't much
difference)—to this of course I adhere, so far as we must accept a
supernatural world-maker. Of course there was fallacy in the truism
of the supposed pious rationalist, when he asserted that something
could not come out of nothing,—a fact which no one ever denied. Indeed in the light of mere logic he was right, for God Himself is as
much an entity, or a "thing" as any other object, if He be
How then did He Himself arise, was only a fair question, to which
the pious disputant of course answered that He did not arise at all.
To this the sceptic might have rejoined, "If you say that God
did not arise at all, why could you not also say that nature had no
arising, either as regards its matter or its laws?" There would
be nothing whatsoever profane in such a remark, for it merely
concerns time. It is not profane to say that nature now exists; why
should it be wrong to say that it existed for untold millions of
ages gone by, as all now agree? Why then should it not have existed
forever, and where is the blasphemy? Obviously this would rob God of
the glory of a mechanical achievement,—but would that be so gross
a deprivation? To say that the physical world, not the universe, is
the production of God's natural creative function might in some
lights of it be hardly regarded as a compliment. See on the
Zoroastrian Dualism. At all
events I venture to propose as above, that God is in the world,
physically, supernaturally, as eternally and miraculously active in
it at every instant, and this is and was the "creation." But
why, asks the worshiper, was it so written in Genesis I, if there
were really no beginning? The answer is obvious. Such a statement is
misleading. There was ever so much of a beginning, that is to say,
as regards our human race." Lawrence H Mills, God and the World
Physical, XXII, Chicago,
The Open Court, 1908 http://www.sacred-texts.com/journals/oc/lm-gwp.htm
The Supreme Revelation of Cosmic
Consciousness by Frater Achad (Charles Stansfield Jones)
Originally published circa 1923 explains as follows:
"The Incarnation of God did not happen in Bethlehem 2000
years ago. That is just when we started taking it seriously. The
incarnation actually happened 14.5 billion years ago with a moment
that we now call "The Big Bang." That is when God actually
decided to materialize and to self expose.
Two thousand years ago was the human incarnation of God
in Jesus, but before that there was the first and original
incarnation through light, water, land, sun, moon, stars, plants,
trees, fruit, birds, serpents, cattle, fish, and "every kind of
wild beast" according to our own creation story (Genesis
1:3-25). This was the "Cosmic Christ" through which God
has "let us know the mystery of his purpose, the hidden plan he
so kindly made from the beginning in Christ" (Ephesians 1:9).
Christ is not Jesus' last name, but the title for his life's
purpose. Jesus is the very concrete truth revealing and standing in
for the universal truth. As Colossians puts it:
"He is the image of the invisible God, the first born of all
he is the one glorious part that names and reveals the even more
"The fullness is founded in him ... everything in heaven and
everything on earth" (Colossians1:19-20).
Christ, for John Duns Scotus (1265/66-1308) was the very first idea
in the mind of God, and God has never stopped thinking,
dreaming, and creating the Christ.
"The immense diversity and pluriformity of this creation
more perfectly represents God than any one creature alone or by
itself," adds Thomas Aquinas (1224-1274) in his Summa
The concept was resurrected by modern science
in the material realm in
the 1930s and explored by theoreticians during the following two
decades. The idea comes from a perceived need to reconcile.
Edwin Hubble's observation of an expanding
universe (which was
also predicted from Einstein's
equations of general
relativity by Alexander
Friedmann) with the notion that the universe
must be eternally
old. Current cosmological
models maintain that
13.7 billion years ago, the entire mass of the universe was
compressed into a gravitational
singularity, the so-called cosmic egg, from which it expanded to its
current state (following the Big
Georges Lemaitre proposed
in 1927 that the cosmos originated
from what he called the primeval
Man is also an
archetypical figure that appears in creation myths of a wide variety
of cultures around the world and parts of his body became physical
parts of the universe. The
Universe is the Cosmic Man
Thousand head has Purusha
Thousands of eyes has he,
Thousands of legs has He
He is manifested in the earth and all through the universe.
He stands beyond the count of ten fingers. (Purusha Suktha 1:1)
This Purusha is all the past,
All the future and the present,
Moreover Jesus, He alone is the Lord of immortality,
And He manifest Himself through
those who live on food. (Purusha Suktha 1:2)
Ein Sof, the infinite Father in in infinite dimensions with infinite
energy. This infinite
begets only infinte. But
the by projection into a limited finite dimension we perceive it as
finite . In a way this
was the contraction of God. We
see only the immanent and not the transcendant.
The immanent has became the
creator of the Universe of our existence.
Begetting and creating are two sepeate process.
Begetting is an emanation while creation is a proess of
formation. It was
through His Son, the immanent God molded the clay of the ground, and
breathed into it so that Man became a living soul. This
is the Purusha - the Person of Jesus in whom we move and have our
then created the Other Realms - The Spiritual Realm, Mental Realm
and the Physical Realm with all their hosts thereof.
These names that we gave are just names for the substance
qualitites which we have no idea of their essence either.
The only thing that we know is that all the four realms are
interconnected and interactive as though it forms a body with the
Divine realm and the Kether is the Head of the Body.
There then is another higher Person with His Head within the
Veil whose body encompasses all creation.
Here is how
Theosophical Dictionary explains it:
corresponds to the Greek "First or Unmanifest Logos";
yet at times the svabhavic characteristics of Purusha are
reminiscent rather of the Third or Manifest Logos, which shows the
various functions attributed to Purusha in cosmogony which have
gained currency at different times in Hindu thought. Unmanifested
Logos is correctly said to be the first manifestation of the
Absolute or the summit or primordial originant of a cosmic
hierarchy, of which there are innumerable multitudes in boundless
space. The unmanifest corresponds to primordial unity where the totality
of the manifested universe is "all numbers." Behind
the ultimate which can be conceived, we have to postulate an unknown
indefinable antecedent, which may therefore be called unmanifest.
It is called the Verbum or the Word by the Christians, and it is
the divine Christos who is eternally in the bosom of his father. It
is called Avalokiteswara by the Buddhists; at any rate,
Avalokiteswara in one sense is the Logos in general. In
almost every doctrine they have formulated the existence of a centre
of spiritual energy which is unborn and eternal, and which exists in
a latent condition in the bosom of Parabrahmam.” (Theosophical
first Triad that appeared in the creative realm were the
characteristics of the unknown Triad
They are called Binah
(Understanding - connected with Holy Spirit), Kether (Crown) and
Chokma (Wisdom - connected with Father).
These essentially forms the top of the three pillars on which
the creation stands.
Who is this Kether?
Hath in these last days spoken unto us by
whom he hath appointed heir of all things,
by whom also he made the worlds;
Who being the brightness of his
and the express image of his person,
upholding all things
by the word of his power,
he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world,
he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him.
But unto the Son
Thy throne, O God, is for
ever and ever:
a sceptre of righteousness is
the sceptre of thy kingdom.
Father judgeth no man,
but hath committed all judgment unto the Son:
Two titles of kether
Ancient of Days
"Long/Extended Face", called Macroprosopus ) is an
aspect of Divine emanation in Kabbalah, identified with the sephirah
attribute of Keter, the Divine Will.
The term Atik Yomin
(in Aramaic) appears explicitly in the Bible, in the book of Daniel,
connoting God Almighty in Daniel's vision of the coming of Mesiah
I beheld till the thrones were cast down, and the Ancient of Days
did sit, whose garment was white as snow, and the hair of his head
like the pure wool: his throne was like the fiery flame, and his
wheels as burning fire. Daniel 7:9
Daniel 7:13-14 says,
“I kept on beholding in the visions of the night, and, see there!
with the clouds of the heavens someone like a son of man happened to
be coming; and to the Ancient of Days he gained access, and they
brought him up close even before that One. And to him there were
given rulership and dignity and kingdom, that the peoples, national
groups and languages should all serve even him. His rulership is an
indefinitely lasting rulership that will not pass away, and his
kingdom one that will not be brought to ruin."
A visit by the Son
of Man to bestow a kingdom and honor on the Ancient of Days would
suggest that they are two distinct identities.
Christian pseudepigrapha, one Book of Enoch states that He who is
called “Son of man,” who existed before the worlds were, is seen
by Enoch in company with the “Ancient of Days”
In Eastern Orthodox Christian
hymns and icons, the Ancient of Days is sometimes identified with
God the Father; but most properly, in accordance with Orthodox
theology he is identified with God the Son, or Jesus Christ. As
such, Eastern Christian art will sometimes portray Jesus Christ as
an old man, the Ancient of Days, to show symbolically that he
existed from all eternity, and sometimes as a young man to portray
him as he was incarnate.
This confusion with the Father and the Son shows the mystery of creation in
which the Kether is the first appearance of the unknowable Godhead
within the knowable realm. Hence
all the three persons in Trinity act together.
The creative agent is usually associated with the Son who is
the perfect image of the Godhead together.
This is why the Divine Realm has all the three persons
present while the Kether the Son is the agent of creation and first
Father with his insistence of Law and the Holy Spirit with mercy also
appears within the Divine realm.
The balance between Law and Mercy is provided by the self
sacrifice of the Son. These
therefore appears as the three pillars of creation.
In Buddhism, in the Kevattha Sutta (Digha Nikaya 11), the term
"ancient of days" is referred to the creator God Brahma,
"“I am the Great Brahma, the Supreme, the Mighty, the
All-seeing, the Ruler, the Lord of all, the Controller, the Creator,
the Chief of all, appointing to each his place, the Ancient of
days, the Father of all that are and are to be.” ."
reconstruction of cosmos.
ten sefirot represents ten dimensions of existence. If you
will notice the sefirots are named with various attributes of
existence. The various dimensions of existences are various
attributes. Here we have whole new approach to dimension in
contrast to the matter based science. In the sciences, the
life and existence are made out of matter. This outlook look
on the creation from the bottom from the point of view of Material
world – Malkut. This is typical of the materialistic
philosophy which assumes that matter is basic building blocks from
which everything is created because of the motion of matter and
their interconnectedness. How do we explain the presence
of mind which is thinking and life which we usually call spirit and
defines dialectics as "the science of the general laws of
motion and development of nature, human society and thought."
In Anti-Dühring and The Dialectics of Nature, Engels gives an
account of the three laws of dialectics:
The law of the transformation of quantity into quality and vice
2) The law of the interpenetration of opposites, and
3) The law of the negation of the negation.
law of the transformation of quantity into quality is the basic
crutch and explains everything, from the smallest particles of
matter at the subatomic level to the largest phenomena life
and man. According to this life is the qualitative effect of
particles in some form of structure. Let us take a simple
case. We have Hydrogen and Oxygen which has certain
properties. When they are arranged in a certain way we get
water which has properties that none of Hydrogen and Oxygen has as
water. "Cool those liquid water molecules down a bit, for
example, and at 32°F they will suddenly quit tumbling over one
another at random. Instead they will undergo a ‘phase
transition,’ locking them into the orderly crystalline array known
as ice. Or if you were to go the other direction and heat the
liquid, those same tumbling water molecules will suddenly fly apart
and undergo a phase transition into water vapor. Neither phase
transition would have any meaning for one molecule alone."
Where did all these properties come from. The answer of
the materialist is that it is the property of matter. Since
all cosmos is real all these infinite properties are the properties
of matter which evidently is equivalent to saying that matter is
indeed God. Matter holds infinite potentials and infinite
properties as combination with matter and motion.
construction of Cosmos
In direct contrast the Kabalistic cosmos
start with the elemental properties as the material from which
cosmos is constructed. The
qualities such as will, wisdom, love, and compassion. They
are considered not just as properties of man in fullness but as the
elements from which the world is constructed.
We know that mind and thinking are
connected with the brain. However the material brain cannot
produce mind. In the same way every quality of life
is not produced by form within the matter but coming from
another dimension. Intangible objects -
consciousness, will, additional freedoms, concepts, ideas, as well
as spiritual, ethical, and aesthetic values – all are dimensions
lying outside the material four dimensional worlds. They are
not explicable based on Physics or Chemistry. Thoughts
intellect, Spiritual existence, the various life forms etc are the
very dimensions which they share. Thus these ten sefirots serve
as both the building blocks of creation and the constituents of
life. Are these the total elements? Not at all because each of
these sefirots contains other dimensions within them so that we have
infinite dimension because Ein-Sof is the totality of
Talmud: “By ten things was the
world created, by wisdom and by understanding, and by reason and by
strength (Gevurah), by rebuke and by might, by righteousness
and by judgment, by loving kindness and compassion”
is these dimensions that produce personalities. This concept
is central to the idea of angels. What we normally call as
angels, are being from these various dimensions with varying forms.
of our mistakes has been to see the angels as a simple one category
being. In fact we can see that Angels in the Bible has
characteristics that form a wide spectrum, indicating clearly that
Angels are not one type of life form. It is like assuming that
the earth consists only of humans as its host whereas the biosphere
contains a wide range of life forms. In the same way there are
a host of hosts in every dimension of cosmos.
These four worlds
are not independent worlds. They interpenetrate each other and
interact with each other to produce character and personality. The
beings in the cosmos may span one or more of the worlds.
These are the limitations within the dimension for the beings.
There are beings which are simply in one world. For
example the minerals and matter exists only in the Assiah world.
They have no extension into the higher dimensions. There are
life forms which have extensions into Yetsirah or Briah level or
both. The only being who spans all these four worlds was Man
as the Son of God. Today we often limit carnal man as existing in
three dimensions only – in Body, Mind
and Spirit. But originally according to Genesis creation man also
possessed a Divine element.
idea is also found in the yoga concept of Man which essentially
developed after the 9th C
AD. According to Yoga Sutra there
are five sheaths (pancha-kosas) – coverings – dimensions -
of human bodies . These are:
Food based - Material dimension
Gross Physical Body
Energy based - Energy dimension
Mind based - Mental dimension
Intellect based – Spirit dimension
Bliss based – Divine dimension
Gregg Braden’s representation of Cosmos: Worlds within worlds
Sentient beings live in many
dimensions – world within worlds.
In the innermost heart is the Holy Spirit who guides and controls
creation.The immanent Godhead is never absent in any creation.
When it become absent, the creation returns to nothingness.