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XIII

MAHABALI CONNECTION

The history as we see through archealogy and documentals can be explained through the struggle between Christians of Thomas and the Gnostic heresies which came from Syria (Aryan – Persian) by the second century AD. 

Mani was said to have travelled to the Kushan Empire at the beginning of his proselytizing career                  (several religious paintings in Bamiyan are attributed to him), and several have postulated                           Buddhist influences in Manichaeism:

“Buddhist influences were significant in the formation of Mani's religious thought. The transmigration of souls became a Manichaean belief, and the quadripartite structure of the Manichaean community, divided between male and female monks (the "Elect") and lay followers (the "Hearers") who supported them, appears to be based on that of the Buddhist sangha.”  (Richard Foltz, Religions of the Silk Road)

 

From the 3rd century on, both Manichaeism and Nestorian Christianity moved east, spreading their teachings into Central Asia. (Mani himself was executed in 274 or 277.) (FOM Silk Road Study Tour, September 2009, Manichaeism & Nestorian Christianity, p. 1) Manichaeism thrived between the third and seventh centuries.

Manichaeism claimed to present the complete version of teachings that were corrupted and misinterpreted by the followers of its predecessors Adam, Zoroaster, Buddha and Jesus. Accordingly, as it spread, it adapted new deities from other religions into forms it could use for its scriptures. Its original Aramaic texts already contained stories of Jesus. When they moved eastward and were translated into other languages, the names of the deities (or angels) were often transformed into local names.

8C Manichaean manuscript found in Turfan. Note the appearance of Ganesh, and Varaha-Vishnu.

Mani came to India and China, taking the Silk route; and hence his ministry  was concentrated initially in the North India.  In the North India this conflict easily resulted in the destruction of Christian churches soon after the fall of Taxila kingdom.  Most Christian Churches went underground as a result of persecution and others fled to Syria where the Syrian churches gave them refuge.  In the South India the story was different. All the three regions of Dravidia – the Chola, Chera and Pandya were ruled by Christians – in the Indian myth - by an Asura King called Maha Bali (The Great Sacrifice people). It is this period when Maha Bali ruled that came to be the Dark Ages of  South India  which will explain all known facts. All information on this period was wilfully destroyed by the new religious leaders of India.  We will be able to identify them from history that followed this period.

`History is always written by the victors and whoever controls the writing of history books control the past.”  George Orwell  `1984'.

MUNDA LEGEND

“The Cheras of the Chotanagpur region, the ancestors of Keralites, had a great king called Bali who governed the Dinajpur area; he was an asur, who did not worship Vishnu, the Aryan God. He continued to worship the native Munda god, Lord Shiva. After being defeated by the Vaishnavites the Mundas were forced to settle down in Kerala.  The Mahabali-story of the Keralites, in the Munda-Chera tradition, indicates the triumph of the Vaishnavite brand of Aryans over the Shiva-worshipping Munda-Cheras.  Bali/Balia is a common personal name among the Mundas.”

“In Tamil Sangam-work, Puram,  Maveli appears as the Vellala chief of Milalaikurram. There are documentary evidenADthat there was a Christian Church among them.” Dr. Zacharias Thundy, Northern Michigan University

Mahabali’s Christian Kingdom, Caelobothras, covered the three worlds   – Chola, Chera and Pandya at the first century. You only have to compare the Kalabhra region with that of the Mahabali’s Kingdom.

 

The Possible extent of Kalabhra Empire  - Mahabali Empire

Even though history was blanked out, the Christians lived on with a great heritage of traditions which still lingered.

 Bhakti Period  600 A.D. to 1200 A. D.

This is the period when the Brahmins having defeated the Kalabhras (Kerala Putras) tookover the country.  Realizing  the power of devotion to a personal monistic God the Vaishanavites took over that aspect and restated Brahmanism in Hinduism as we know today in terms of Bakthi. Vedas were artificially introduced as the base as though Hinduism was a continuous outgrowth of the teachings of Vedas and exhaustive mythical Puranas were written as real history.  Myths were taught and taken as reality.

Thus it is evident that Brahminism took every advantage of the Christian teachings and deliberately distorted or rewrote them into Gnostic Hinduism.  In order to cover up this gross reality- even history was wiped out.  We can still see these tendencies in todays Brahminism where an active process of rewriting history is in process. Sankara united everything in his Advaita where man became God himself.  Any surprise that it was done by Adi Sankara in the eighth century AD, by a teen ager? Attempts of writers to regain faith not only failed its intent but were absorbed as part of the Hinduism.

Onam and Mahabali Connection

The earliest record of Onam is found during time of Kulasekhara Perumals around A.D 800, soon after the Kalabhra Interregnum of Kerala History. Until the eighth century the political history is mostly unknown and is usually known as the Kalabhra Interregnum. Kalabhras were supposed to have been ruling Kerala until at least the sixth century. Kalabhras probably refers to Keralaputras. Who were they?. Remember Kerala was practically ruled by the Christians by the third century AD. Thus Kalabhras were  most probably the people of Mahabali.

The story of King Mahabali is found in the Bhagavata Purana (also known as Srimad Bhagavatam), the most sacred Hindu text. According to it, long long ago there lived King Mahabali, a powerful demon who ruled the nether world(underworld).  King Mahabali, was very strong and extremely pious. Powered by a boon granted to him by Lord Brahma, Bali was invincible and even gods failed to defeat him in battles. He had conquered the whole earth and became its master.

Onam has two specific significance.First it is the communal memory and celebration of past history as ennunciated in the Mahabali Legend. A story of how paradise was lost

Kashyapa had two wives, Diti and Aditi, who were the parents of demons and demigods (Asuras and Devas) respectively. As the common practice in those days, for a King invading another kingdom to acquire additional territory, Indra, the king of demigods went on war with the king of Asuras. Mahabali, the King of Asuras defeated Indra and proceed to occupy Indra's territory. Kashyapa, who had gone to the Himalayas to do penance, on his return, found Aditi weeping over the defeat of her son, Indra. By divine insight, Kashyapa recognised the cause of grief. Kashyapa tried to console Aditi who was wailing in grief, saying that nothing happens in the world without God's will and people should go on doing their duties. Kashyapa asked Aditi to pray to Lord Narayana and taught her Payovrata, ritual that has to be observed from the twelfth day of the bright half Karthika (Sukla-paksha Dwaadasi). Since Aditi carried out the Vrata with a pious heart, Lord Narayana appeared before her and informed her that he would himself take birth in her womb and help Indra. Later, on the twelfth day of the bright half of the month of Bhadrapada,Aditi gave birth to a son of uncommon effulgence. That child, "Vamana-murti", demonstrated His divine powers by doing marvelous deeds even when he was a child.

Balichakravarthi (Bali, The Emperor) or Mahabali, was the grandson of Prahlad, the son of Hiranyakasipu who was slayed by Vishnu in his Narasimha Avatar. Hiranyksha the brother of Hiranya Kasipu was slayed by Vishnu in his Varaha Avatar earlier. Prahalad being an Asura had great faith in Vishnu but his father, who was a devotee of Lord Brahma was very angry and hated all other devas but Lord Brahma. One cannot miss the series of warfare between Vishnu and the Asuras - those born of the breath of God.[citation needed] Asuras did not acknowledge Vishnu as God. Bali Maharaj, sat in Prahlad's lap as a child and learnt love and devotion of Lord Vishnu from Prahlad. As a result the Hindus of Kerala, are very devoted to Lord Vishnu to this day and Vishnu in turn is said to love the Keralites very much. The Keralites perform the Mohiniattam Dance, a dance dedicated to the female form of Vishnu, Mohini. There is also the dance Krishnanaattam. Many Keralites also worship Narayani. Sri Narayani Peedam and Sri Bangaru Adigalar of Kerala and their followers claim that these two figures are a forms or avatars of the goddess Sri Narayani.

Mahabali's rule was the golden era of India

Mahabali who was performing the sacrificial rite of Viswajith at the banks of Narmada River, (Central India) and declared that he would give anything that anyone sought from him during this Yagna. At this the gods were very annoyed. Bali was the ruler of all the three worlds having defeated the devas. The gods approached Vishnu and asked for his help to dethrone Mahabali. Vishnu, incarnated in the form of Vamana, a dwarf to defeat the Daityas.

Vamana came to the Yaga-shala. As he was approaching them, the sages assembled there perceived the extraordinary effulgence form of the young lad. Mahabali went forth to receive the Brahmin boy with all traditional honours and gave him an eminent seat befitting the status of a holy person. Bali with the usual courtesy given to the people who come to ask for help told him Master! It is my good fortune that you have chosen to honour me with your presence. Whatever you desire, I am here ready to fulfil the same. Vamana smiled and said: "You need not give me anything great. It is enough if you give me that extend of land covered by three footsteps of mine".

On hearing him, Bali's preceptor, Shukracharya a Daitya priest, who could have vision of the future told Bali that the one, who had come to seed a gift from Bali was not an ordinary Brahmin but Lord Narayana Himself who had assumed this form. He advised Bali not to promise the lad anything. But Bali was a king who would never go back on his word and told his Guru that he would never break his promise. He was determined to give Vamana whatever he wanted since breaking one's word was a sin and he had to keep his pledge Shukracharya insisted that he should not fulfil the demand of Vamana as he had come to deprive Bali of all His possessions.

Bali, however, was determined to honour the word given to Vamana, begged pardon of his Guru for disregarding his advice. Earlier, while Bali was embarking on the war with Indra, he had prostrated at the feet of his preceptor, Shukracharya, and on his advice he performed the Vishwajit Yagna from which he secured very powerful weapons. It was only because of Shukracharya's help that he was able to conquer Indra. On this occasion, Bali was not prepared to heed the advice of the same preceptor. Shukracharya cursed Bali, saying: 'As you have not heeded your Guru's words, you will be reduced to ashes'. Bali was firm and replied: 'I am prepared to face any consequence but will not go back on my word'.

Saying so, he asked Vamana to measure the three feet of land as desired by him. All attempts of Shukracharya to dissuade Bali from offering the land desired by Vamana proved futile. Bali considered everyone who came to him as god himself and never refused anyone anything that they have asked. Bali told his Guru: "Prana (life) and Maana (honour) are the two eyes of a person. Even if life goes, honour should be protected."

Vamana grew in size until he towered above the heavens. With one foot, he measured all of the earth. With the other, he claimed all of heaven. There was still one foot of territory that Bali owed him. Bali offered his head to be measured as the third step of land which Lord Vamana had asked for as alms. The story is that Vamana grew enormously in size and Mahabali realized that this is a divine being. For the devotion of this Daitya Mahabali, Lord Vishnu (Vamana) granted him rule over Patala. As a last wish Mahabali was granted the permission to visit his subjects once a year. Thus, Keralites celebrate Onam festival to commemorate the memory of a Great King Mahabali who would keep his promise. Mahabali fulfilled his name as the great martyr for the sake of Truth ("Satya"). The name "Mahabali" itself means Great Sacrifice. Thus Onam celebrates a series of martyrdom of the devoted Daityas.

During Onam, the feast and festive mood of the people, dressed in their best, is considered reminiscent of the prosperous and truthful life of the subjects during Bali's flawless reign. People wear new clothes (Vastra) during Onam. The 'Vastra' also stands for heart. Thus the significance of wearing new clothes is about making the heart new by removing all bad thoughts and feelings. People forgetting their sectarian outlooks, join together to welcome the auspicious 'Thiruvonam' day This is the only festival which is celebrated by the Thomas Christians of Kerala along with the Hindus.

 

 

The Story of Kerala.

As mentioned earlier Malabar Churches developed independent of the rest of the Indian Churches.  Kerala remained unconquered by any outside forces because of its geographical position. Recent Archeological and documentary studies by Prof. George Menacheril, indicates that Aryans came to prominence in Kerala, only by 4th century  or later and Hinduism  only by 8th century. 

 

“In spite of the many statements in Keralolpathy most historians today believe that the Parasurama story is only a legend and Brahmins arrived in Kerala for all practical purposes only in the 4th century or later, and the Brahmins or Namboodiris established dominance only around the end of the first millennium C.E”

 

Parasurama legend says that the seventh incarnation of Vishnu rose up the land of Kerala from Gokarnam to Kanya Kumari and gave them to Sixty-four Brahmin families.  This must have been around the 4th century or even later, if the Namboodiri traditions can be trusted. This legend therefore speaks only of the historical situation of the later centuries how the Aryan Brahmins came to dominate Kerala probably as advisers to the Kings of Chera, from the Tulunad.  Who were the Kings of Chera is difficult to ascertain.  Until the first century till the coming of Thomas, it is certain that Buddhist Kings ruled Chera.  But Buddhism disappeared from the Kerala scene altogether.  Vaishanavites or Aryan Brahmins came into power only by the 6th century.  Islam came into existence only by the 6th century and was never a power in Kerala.  Then what was the religion of the Chera Kings?  The only alternative is that they were Christians.  It points to the possibility that Mahabali whom the fifth avatar of Vishnu defeated by cheating was none other than the Christian Dravidian King “The Great Sacrifice”.  This name  evidently fits only Christ and Christians.  His Kingdom evidently extended over three regions of India (the three worlds). Most probably the name is a generic name for Christian Kings. (The Chera King Kuru Varman-1 also known as Vyakrasenan who ruled Kerala from 40 AD to 55 AD was a Christian.)   It is interesting to note that Mahabali was the grandson of  Prahalada who was a staunch Vaishnavite (Brahmin?).  Prahalada was the son of King Hiranyakashipu a Dravidian.  Hiranyakashipu  was killed by the fourth incarnation of  Vishnu the Lion- Man.  His brother Hiranyaksha was killed by the earlier incarnation of Vishnu, the Boar.  Vishnu threw both these brothers out of the heavens where they were the gate keepers of Heaven. We know for certain that Mahabalipuram was Mahabali’s resort since every other attempt to explain the name fails. Mahabalikkara – Mavelikkara is traditionally associated with Mahabali.  Incidentally Onam is the only festival, which is celebrated both by the Christians and the Hindus. If the Onam songs handed down to us from the 8th century are true, there was an egalitarian society – virtual Kingdom of God  - fashioned out of the early Christian Fellowship Community experiment Jerusalem.  The Jerusalem experiment failed with the deceit of Aninias and Saphira and the Kerala experiment with the deceit of Vamana.  With the long period of innocence Mahabali could not discern the deceit of Vamana.  Kerala, during the Tamil Sangam Age (1-500 AD) was a very egalitarian society. (48)  Untouchability was unknown, manual labor was respected and women held in high esteem. The first Brahmin missionaries moved into Kerala through Tulu-naadu (Mangalore area). Thus Chera Kingdom continued as a Christian Kigdom from the first century onwards until the sixth century.  Gradually the influence of the Hinduism from Chola and Pandya dislocated the Christian dynasties of Chera.   With the cunningness of the Brahmin dominated Vaishnava advisors of  other Kingdoms, Chera Kingdom was taken over by  the Vaishnava cult finally.  However one Christian Dynasty continued till the 15th century – the Villar Vattom Pana. 

 

Even today Christians are respectfully addressed as "Nazarani mappilas", "sons of kings who follow the Nazarene" or "of the first Christian kings"  It is actually a direct translation of the word “Israel”.  If this is the intent, it means the idea of Kingdom of Priests was introduced most probably by St.Thomas himself.  Alternately, such a position came into existence because Christians were Kings  in early period.   The special position of Nazrani in relation to Hindu temples itself speak of the origins.  Even today as a tradition, some old temples cannot open their gates, or open the holy of holies or raise the flag to start a festival without the physical presence of a Nazrani in the temple ground.

 

The Mahabali myth had created sensation even in the West, during the Middle Ages,  as the myth of the Prestor John – a Priest King who ruled a powerful vast kingdom in India.-  ruling over 72 countries in three Indias. This legend says that St. Thomas travelled to India and there established a Christian community that retained many of the ideals of the original church, and which blossomed into an almost perfect Christian kingdom, ruled over by this legendary king, Prester John.  A second century Peutinger Map indicates a temple not far from Muziris as “Temple Augusti”  or  “Temple of the Great King”.   Around the middle of the 12th century, a series of letters (forged?) found their way to the court of Pope Alexander III. These letters were from the Prester himself.  Apparently an emissary was sent to the King Prestor John,  but he was never seen again.   This mythical (mystical?) figure certainly came from Chera Kingdom as  Meir Bar-Ilan  points out.  India is mentioned several times in these letters and the city of Kalicut  is mentioned in one of the letters specifically. It specifies that  he was in the land of India where  the body of St. Thomas the Apostle was buried and they celebrated the memorial of Thomas on July 3rd.   The letter also mentions that it is the land of the pepper and elephants. 

 

When history finally opens, it was with Kulasekara Alwar who ruled Kerala in the 8th century. He became a devotional Vaishnavite poet. The earliest document, which tells us about the Onam festival, comes from this period.  A last Perumal, Cheraman Perumal abdicated his throne in 825 AD, (some documents give it as 642-643 AD) converted to Islam and went to Mecca and died in Yemen.  He divided the kingdom and gave it to his Nephews.

 

 

THE FIRST VAISHNAVA CONQUEST OF KERALA

 

You can deliberately obliterate all evidences, but  the collective memory of the community could not be suppressed.  They are handed down from generation to generation and still exist as myths and legends and festivals of Kerala. 

The Politics of Rewriting History in India.

K.N. PANIKKAR

Although elements which constitute myth are not verifiable like historical facts, myths do represent reality even if symbolically and metaphorically. Myths are essentially illusory representations of phenomena and as such do not help discover the historicity of events and by the very nature of representation they tend to mask the reality. Yet, there are no myths in which reality is not embedded in some form, be they origin, explanatory or legitimatory myths. This integral connection between myth and history facilitates the transmutation of the latter into the former and through that change, the existing historical consciousness in society.

http://www.hinduonnet.com/fline/fl1801/18010730.htm

 

 

The biggest festival of  Kerala is “Onam” which is associated with the myth of Vamana.   It tell the story of how Vishnu (the god of Vaishanavites) defeated the Asura King Mahabali and pushed him down to the lower most part of the World – Kerala. This.  I believe tells the root story of how the  Chola and Pandya areas of the Christian Kingdom of Mahabali was ripped off and taken over my the Pallavas..

 

 

The Story Behind the Onam Festival

 

A long long time ago, an Asura (demon) king called Mahabali ruled Kerala. He was a wise, benevolent and judicious ruler and beloved of his subjects. Soon he conquered all the three worlds.  Aditi, the mother of Devas went to  Vishnu for help.

Vishnu incarnated in the form of a dwarf called Vamana and approached Mahabali while he was performing a sacrifice (yajn) and asked for alms  Mahabali granted him a wish. 

The Vamana asked for three paces of land for his living — and the king agreed to it. Vamana grew to great proportions.  In the first step, he covered the heavens and with the second, he covered the netherworld. Realizing that Vamana's third step will destroy the earth, Mahabali offered his head as the last step in order to save this world.

Vishnu pushed him to the netherworld, but before banishing him to the underworld, Vishnu granted him a boon.   He was allowed to return once a year to visit his people. It is during this day, called Onam, that Kerala pays tribute to the memory of this benign king who gave his life for his people

There is an expectation that one day Maha Bali will return and establish his glorious kingdom once again on the eath.

 

Onam Celebrates the Christian Rule of Kerala

 

The name Mahabali literally means the Great Sacrifice.(Maha = Great; Bali = Sacrifice) This epithet does not fit any other person other than Christ.  It probably was a name for Christian Kings or the general epithet for Christians in India.  It is actually strange that the story is kept still as a legend and myth,  in spite of the fact it shows how Vishnu, the great and mighty god of Vaishanvites,  had to resort to deception and trickery to kill a King who is described only in superlative terms even in their own PuranasThis cannot be explained in any other terms other than as a story of how Brahmin (Iran - Aryan) dominated Vaishnavism tried to destroy Christianity in South India.  Silk route brought in Manichaen missions first into Northern India and it fell victim to the heresy.  When Christianity became powerful in South India, the Northern heretics resorted to trickery. 

 

This identification of Mahabali with Christ or Christians is also supported by pre-cosmic myth of Palaazhi Mathanam (the story of churning of the cosmic milky way to separate the good from the evil.) in which Mahabali was killed and was brought back to life.  Here the subtle implication of the sacrifice, death and resurrection of Mahabali is implied.

 

 

Mahatma Phule sees this story as an attempt by the Aryans to dominate the rest of India:

“Slavery”

by

Mahatma Jotirao Govindrao Phule.

The chapter :`Baliraja'

 

“Baliraja's kingdom,  extended  from Maharashtra to Srilanka and northwards to Ayodhya and Benares. It was attacked by the Dwija (Aryan), Vamana.  Dalit kings such as Hiranyakashyapu had also been attacked by Dwija kings as a racial battle for power zigzagged across the subcontinent.  The story of Prahlada is then interpreted as that of the son of the royal Hiranyakashayapu dynasty being subtly influenced by the Machiavellian Dwija, Narasimha, to become a collaborator of an `invasive' hegemonic discourse..”

 

Mahatma Jyotirao Phule (1827 – 1890) was an activist and social reformer from Maharashtra, critical of caste relations in Western India and noted for his work in the upliftment of widows and the lower castes in India.

 

 

The Period of the King of the Great Sacrifice 
When Maha Bali Ruled.

Here is a song which we have been singing through generations during the Onam festival.:

"Maveli Nadu Vanidum Kalam   
Manusharellarum Onnupole   
Amodathode vasikum kalam   
apathangarkumottilla thanum   
Adhikal Vyadhikal Onnumilla 
Bala maranangal Kelkanilla   
Kallavumilla Chathivumilla
Ellolamilla Poli Vachanam
Kallaparyum Cheru Nazhiyum
Kallatharangal mattonumilla” 
 
It translates as:

' When Maveli, our King, ruled the land,
All the people were as One.
And people live joyful and merry;
They were all  free from harm.

There was neither anxiety nor sickness,
Death of the children were never even heard of,

There were no lies,

 There is neither theft nor deceit,
And no one is false in speech either.
Measures and weights were right;
No one cheated or wronged  their  neighbor.
When Maveli, our King, ruled the land,
All the peoples formed one casteless race.'

 

The Onam festival lasts for ten-days and falls during the harvest season.   It is celebrated with much pomp and gaiety. People decorate their yards with carpets of  fresh flowers called 'Pookalam' to welcome the King Mahabali. They wear new dresses and perform communal dances such as Thiruvathirakali and Thumbi Tullal.   Thiuruvonam the climax comes on the fourth day of Onam when sumptuous meals are eaten with the whole family sitting together along with those who are less fortunate.  The ten days are meant for feasting, singing, dancing and making merry with friends family and neighbors. The whole community come together for floral decorations, elephant processions, dance performances, classical and folk music recitals, cultural pageants  and water carnivals 

 

A veritable Kingdom of God in the fashion of the early Christian community in Jerusalem was in existence under the Christian Kingdom of Maha Bali.  If we can trust the archeology, it lasted until at least sixth or even to the eighth Century AD.  These periods were totally blacked out from history by destroying documents and they survive only in the memory of the community as legends and myth.

 

Mahabali was a Christian King; and may be dated before 6th century.  This Kingdom was at least partially destroyed by deceit by the entry of heresy.  In this conquest all territories except Kerala was lost to the Christians.

 

 

Mahabali, the Asura King

Hindu Puranas describe Mahabali as an Asura King.  Here is what Madame Blavatsky the great Theosophist Gnostic has to say about the meaning of Asura.

“Mahabali was an Asura King who was defeated by the Suras by trick.  In the Rig-Veda, the Asuras are shown as spiritual, divine beings.  Their etymology is derived from asu (breath), the "Breath of God," thus, Asuras are those who were created by the breath of God, who has the Holy Spirit within them.

It is later on, after Brahminic domination, they are shown issuing from Brahma's thigh, and that their name began to be derived from “a”, primitive, and sura, god (solar deities), which is interpreted as “not-a-god.”

(Madame H. P. Blavatsky in `The Secret Doctrine', II, 59

 Blaviatsky was the originator of theosophy.)

 

The word asura is formed from the word asu with the addition of the suffix ra and means 'one full of ra spiritual life i.e., asu and 'by curious process of semantical change came to mean a demon.' Pt. Satya Vrat - Ramayana - A Linguistic Study

 

 

The Asuras

 

“The asuras "are the sons of the primeval Creative Breath at the beginning of every new Maha Kalpa, or Manvantara; in the same rank as the Angels who had remained 'faithful.' These were the allies of Soma (the parent of the Esoteric Wisdom) as against Brishaspati (representing ritualistic or ceremonial worship).

 


 

Evidently they have been degraded in Space and Time into opposing powers or demons by the ceremonialists, on account of their rebellion against hypocrisy, sham-worship, and the dead-letter form" (Secret Doctrines 2:500).  Theosophical Society - Madam Blavinsk

In fact the Puranas give the whole genealogy of Mahabali which is very interesting and instructive.

Genealogy of Maha Bali

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Genealogy of Maha Bali in the puranas also asserts the similar origin.  Here Maha Bali is the descendant of the two gate keepers of heaven known as  Jaya & Vijaya– (meaning Victor and Great Victor – Those who overcome – The Overcomers)  They were forced into incarnation on earth due to the curse of the Sages because they would not allow these sages to enter the presence of god.  Jaya was born as Kasyapa. 

 

In pre-Vedic times, Kasyapa was a primordial god. He was the father of  the Devas (Suras - gods), the Asuras (demons – Breath of God), the Nagas (The Serpentines),  and the Mankind.  His name means tortoise, and he was connected with the cosmic tortoise which made up the universe.

 

In Vedic times Kasyapa had Aditi as his consort, and he was the father of the Adityas (literally means the Suns). In later times he became equated with Prajapati (Means “Lord of Hosts”)  and Brahma (the Creator),  and was also named as one of the Rishis (sages).

 

He had two sons Hiranyakshu and Hiranya Kasipu (Meaning the Golden Eye and the Golden Dress).  They were Demon (Dravidian) Kings. Both were killed by two incarnations of Vishnu  possibly indicating the destruction of Christianity in the North and Middle India.  Hiranyaksha was killed by the Boar Incarnation and Hiranya Kasipu by the Lion- Man Incarnation of Vishnu.  Hiranya Kasipu was killed at the betrayal of his own son Prahalada who became a Vaishnavite.  Maha Bali was the great grand son of Hiranya Kasipu.  He was also defeated by Vishnu in the Vamana incarnation.  So here we have a series of pictures of struggle by the Vaishanavites to destroy the teachings of the Asuras.(Christian?). 

 

It is on the basis of such vast associations and puranas that I presume that Mahabali was indeed a Christian King, or the generic name for “Christians”, whose Kingdom covered the whole three worlds.  What are these three worlds?  Were they the three Dravidian Kingdoms of Chola, Chera and Pandya?  Were they the whole of south, middle and north Indias? Were they the whole world or cosmos?

 

This genealogy explains the on going mythical history of

The Vaishnavite Struggle with Historic Christianity
over a period of six centuries.

If this conjecture is correct, then the stories of the Boar incarnation and Lion-man incarnation of Vishnu tells the story of how the generations of the Christians before Mahabali were driven out from Northern India.   This is exactly what we find in terms of geography and order of Vishnu’s incarnation. 

 

Since the concept of Avatar came with Thomas and absorbed into Brahminic syncretic form, the number of Avatars were being constantly added. There are basically five lists.  However we will take only those that are found common in all the traditions since we can assume they are the original basic incarnations.  Look at the following list.

HARI VAMSA

(6 Avatars)

NARAYANI AKHYAN
(10 Avatars)

VARAHA PURANA

(10 Avatars)

VAYU PURANA

(12 Avatars)

BHAGAWAT PURANA

(21 Avatars)

1)Varaha, 2)Narasimha, 3)Vaman, 4)Parashuram, 5)Rama, 6)Krishna

1)Hansa, 2)Kurma, 3)Matsya, 4)Varaha, 5)Narasimha, 6)Vaman, 7)Parashuram, 8)Rama, 9)Krishna, 10)Kalki

 

1)Kurma, 2)Matsya, 3)Varaha, 4)Narasimha, 5)Vaman, 6)Parashuram, 7)Rama, 8)Krishna, 9)Buddha, 10)Kalki

1)Narasimha, 2)Vaman, 3)Varaha, 4)Kurma, 5)Sangram, 6)Adivaka, 7)Tripurari, 8)Andhakarah, 9)Dhvaja, 10)Varta, 11)Halahal, 12)Kolhahal


 

1)Sanat Kumar, 2)Boar,

3)Nara-Narayan, 4)Kapila, 5)Dattatreya, 6)Jadna, 7)Rashabha, 8)Prithi, 9)Matsya, 10)Kurma, 11)Dhanwantari, 12)Mohini, 13)Narasimha, 14)Vaman, 15)Parashuram, 16)Ved Vyas, 17)Naradeo, 18)Rama, 19)Krishna, 20)Buddha, 21)Kalki

So the common basic incarnations of Vishnu were five, Viz.
1)Varaha,

2)Narasimha,

3)Vaman,

4)Parashuram,

5)Rama.  

 

We can actually see the sequence of Vaishanavite conquest in the figure.

Avatar                                   Dravida Asura King killed

 

1.  Boar   (Varaha)                     Hiranyaksha

2.  Man-Lion (Narasimha)          HiranyaKasipu (Brother of Hiranyaksha)

3   Dwarf  (Vamana)                   Maha Bali (King of Dravida)
                                                   great grandson of HiranyaKasipu

4.  Parasu Rama
(Rama with the axe)                    Lifting Kerala out of the sea and giving to Brahmins  

 

5.  Rama                                     Ravana – The King of Sri Lanka

                                      Ravana was a great-grandson of Mahabali. 

 First of all we notice that all the incarnations were Vishnu incarnations.  Hence they are a history connected with the Vaishnavite traditions and, it is  the history which tells how Vaishnavism defeated their opponents. 

 

The opponents were all Daityas – who are usually considered as Dravidian Kings and Kingdoms

Second all the victims were of one family coming from one lineage.

 

The placement of the events are also interesting.

 

NAME OF DAITYA

AVATAR

GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION

Hiranyksha 

 

 

Boar
(Varaha)

 

no indication given in any Puranas

 

Hiranya Kasipu
(Brother of Hiranyksha)

 

Narasimha
(Man-Lion)

 

Indus Valley

 

 

Maha Bali

(Great grand son of Hiranya Kasipu)

 

 

Vamana
(Dwarf)

 

All of South India – Narmada River to Cape Comorin including Chola, Chera and Pandya

Keralaputras
(of the Kingdom of Maha Bali)

Parasu Rama

(Rama with the Axe)

Kerala (Chera)

 

Ravana

(Grand Son of Maha Bali)

Rama

Sri Lanka

 

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The Myth of Prester John

This myth of the Maha Bali is not only found in Indian Puranas (Old Stories)  but also in the Western stories as the myth of Prestor John.  Prestor John is a legendary medieval Christian priest and king thought to have reigned over a Christian kingdom in the Far East.  During the period of Crusades letters arrived in Rome from Prestor John.

 

The first written record of Prester John is found in 1158 CE in the Chronicles of Otto, Bishop of Freising.. The legend of the Three Holy Kings by Johannes of Hildesheim,  (Historia Trium Regum by Johannes of Hildesheim, Sylvia Clare Harris, 1931, pub. London 1954) written in 1378, tells of  St. Thomas as the Apostle of India and of the three rulers, Melciur, Balthazar and Gaspar,   They and the entire subjects were converted to the Way.   After the martyrdom of Thomas, the three kings had their subjects elect a patriarch under the title of  Mar Thoma to be their spiritual leader, and a temporal leader with the title of Prester John.  Patriarch Thomas and Prester John ruled over India. 

The letters, said to have been written by Prestor John explains, that Prester John ruled a huge Christian kingdom in the East, comprising the "three Indias." His letters told of his crime-free and vice-free peaceful kingdom, where "honey flows in our land and milk everywhere abounds." (Kimble, 130) Prester John also "wrote" that he was besieged by infidels and barbarians and he needed the help of Christian European armies. In 1177, Pope Alexander III sent his friend Master Philip to find Prester John; he never did.

THE LETTER OF PRESTOR JOHN

The following letter was presented to Pope Alexander and Emperor Manuel Comnenus of Byzantium in 1165 AD  by an Ambassador of Prestor John.

"John the Presbyter, by the grace of God and the strength of our Lord Jesus Christ, king of kings and lord of lord, to his friend Manuel, Governor of the Byzantines, greetings, wishing good health and the continued enjoyment of that divine blessing…….

"Our magnificence dominates the Three Indias, and extends to Farthest India, where the body of St. Thomas the Apostle rests. It reaches through the desert toward the place on the rising of the sun, and continues through the valley of deserted Babylon close by the Tower of Babel. Seventy-two provinces obey us, a few of which are Christian provinces, and each has it own king. And all their kings are our tributaries.

"In our territories are found elephants, dromedaries, and camels, and almost every kind of beast that is under heaven. Honey flows in our land, and milk everywhere abounds. In one of our territories no poison can do harm and no noisy frog croaks, no scorpions are there, and no serpents creep through the grass. No venomous reptiles can exist there or use their deadly power…..

 "For gold, silver, precious stones, beasts of every kind, and the numbers of our people, we believe that we are unequaled under heaven. There are no poor among us, we receive all strangers and pilgrims, thieves and robbers are not found in our land, nor do we have adultery or avarice.

"When we ride forth to war, our troops are preceded by thirteen huge and lofty crosses made of gold and ornamented with precious stones, instead of banners, and each of these is followed by ten thousand mounted soldiers and one hundred thousand infantrymen, not counting those who have charge of the baggage and provisions…

"The palace in which our sublimity dwells is built after the pattern of that which the apostle Thomas erected for King Gundafor...The ceilings, pillars, and architecture are of shittimwood. The roof is of ebony, which cannot be inured by fire.  …

 "…In our hall there dines daily, at our right hand, twelve archbishops, and at our left, twenty bishops, and also the Patriarch of St. Thomas, the Protopapao of Samarkand, and the Archprotopapao of Susa, in which city the throne of our glory and our imperial palace are situated…

"…that the Creator over all things, having made us the most supreme and the most glorious over all immortals, does not give us a higher title than that of presbyter, 

The Realm of Prester John, Robert Silverberg, Doubleday & Co., NY 1972

 

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In a detailed study on the subject, Prester John:: Fiction and History,  Meir Bar-Ilan comes to the conclusion that :


“Evidence emerging clearly from the text will immediately show that Prester John lived in India, or to be more precise, in Malabar (southern India)”.

Whether fiction, forgery or a memory of history the legend directs to Mahabali type of Kingdom in Kerala.  We should remember that there existed a Christian Kingdom of VillarVattom near Cochin until the coming of the Portugese.    

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Quotes from

Prester John: Fiction and History

Meir Bar-Ilan

It is believed that the historical nucleus of the story is rooted in the coming of one 'John, the Patriarch of the Indians', who came to Rome in the pontificate of Calixtus II in 1122. From the middle of the 12th century onward it was accepted in Europe that Prester John, king and priest, was a ruler over territories in the East, though the area of his reign was not precisely defined. It is not an easy task to separate fiction and history in this legend, …..

I. Where Prester John Resided: India or Ethiopia

The former editors of the letters of Prester John, E. Ullendorff and C. F. Beckingham still wonder where Prester John lived. On page 10 they write:

The Hebrew letters give no indication of identifying Prester John with the ruler of Ethiopia.

 

Though it is true that Ethiopia is not mentioned in the letters, it will be seen later that this statement is misleading. The editors for their part are consistent: in pp. 32-33 they present a Latin text with its Hebrew translation (and an English text where the Latin is missing) as follows:

Praete janni invenitur ascendendo in Kalicut in arida... and this is true proof and well-known knowledge about the Jews who are found there near Prester John...

 

 …… Evidence emerging clearly from the text will immediately show that Prester John lived in India, or to be more precise, in Malabar (southern India).

Connecting Prester John with India is inevitable from the Hebrew text on the one hand, while data from the legend will support the Indian origin on the other.

First of all, India is mentioned several times in these letters (pp. 41, 89, 107, 119, and more).

Second, Kalicut which was one of the most important port-cities in Malabar in southern India (the place where Vasco da Gama was sent), is mentioned in one of the letters.

Third, these facts would definitely suffice but further evidence appears in the form of statement:

“ and in the large India is buried the body of St. Thomas the Apostle.

That is, the author knew that St. Thomas was buried in India, a belief held by the Christians of southern India.  Not only that, but the author of the letters knew (p. 133) about 'St. Thomas holiday', that is, apparently, St. Thomas memorial day held by the same Christians on July 3rd.

Fourth, the author of the letters mentioned that pepper grew in his land (pp. 55, 91, 131), vegetation typical to Malabar in southern India, and not to Ethiopia.

Fifth, there are some stories in the letters concerning warriors riding elephants (pp. 71, 101, 123). It is well known that unlike the African elephant only the Asian elephant could be trained. That is to say that the letters include information about India (with which the West is more familiar than it is with Burma or Siam where trained elephants live as well), and has nothing to do with Ethiopia.

Hence, after studying all the features independently and then together it is inevitable to reach the unquestionable conclusion that Prester John hailed from India. That is: the letters of Prester John tell a story about India, not Ethiopia, and it is unfortunate that legendary medieval opinions have survived and can still be found in modern scholarship.

…. the confusion between India and Ethiopia is ancient,  … This naive European confusion of two different countries (so far from each other), was enhanced by traders from eastern Africa (Somali and Ethiopia), who sold goods without revealing that they were middlemen only. For example, in Ancient Rome many thought that cinnamon was imported from eastern Africa, though it actually came from India.

Apparently, this confusion persisted as a result of the fact that both in India and Ethiopia, 'eastern' Christians lived in their own kingdom, surrounded by pagans. And, if this is not enough to confuse any medieval man whose geographical knowledge was limited anyhow, there is another fact that adds to the confusion: the letters of Prester John tell about black priests. For example: '...about the Jews... as we have heard all the time from the black priests who have come and are coming daily' (p. 33). Any layman might associate these black priests with Africa, without knowing that a major part of the population in southern India is black. Since Christians lived there, it would not be unreasonable to assume that black priests lived there as well (it should be kept in mind that the Jewish community in Cochin, on the coast of Malabar, was divided into 'white' and 'black' Jews).   

However, in the Middle Ages it was not known where Prester John lived, and adventurers went looking for him.  In the 13th century Marco Polo identified Prester John with the Khan of the Kereit, a tribe in Mongolia which was then Nestorian Christian. Others continued searching for him in China. In the 15th century the Portugese looked for Prester John all over Africa, when others were sure that the legendary king was living in Ethiopia. In the middle of the 16th century the King of Ethiopia was nicknamed 'Prester John' by the Europeans, and it should be noted that the description of the search for Prester John reads like a detective story.  Apparently, in the 17th century, after the Europeans had learned that there was no one by the name of Presterr John living in Ethiopia, the story was abandoned and considered a legend until the beginning of historical research in the 19th century.

Whatever the facts were, it is important to stress that according to the Hebrew letters of Prester John, there is no doubt that he lived in India. If it was not known until then, probably because experts in the subject concentrated on retracing the medieval search for Prester John, thus disregarding the geographical facts appearing in the letters, and failing to analyze the Hebrew letters with the necessary care.

…….Another example of evidence that connects Prester John in India to Italy is seen in the famous Hebrew book Igeret Orhot Olam, written by Abraham Farissol (1452-1528) a few years before his death:

In the library I found in chapter 58 of the second part of the book (F. Montalboddo, Paesi Novamente Retrovati) E Novo Mondo (etc., Milano 1508) that from Lisbon the capital of Portugal to Kalicut in Asia, the beginning of India there are 3800 parasangs... and in that chapter it is explicit that Praeti Jiani (=Prester John) is beyond Kalicut in the land far from the sea. And this is real evidence and famous knowledge concerning the Jews that dwell there near Praeti Jiani as we have already heard all our lives from black brothers that come every day and tell in clarity the presence of many Jews with them. Of these brothers there are in Rome a sect of some thirty of them dwelling in a new stage (monastery) established for them.

 

That is, in the 16th century a learned Rabbi from Ferrara identified the place of Prester John in the vicinity of Kalicut (Malabar, India), with the help of an Italian book. Whatever were Farissol's ideas concerning identification of the Jews under Prester John with the lost ten tribes, he was right in his conclusion that in the Kalicut area there were Jews, those who are known today as the Jews of Cochin. http://faculty.biu.ac.il/~barilm/presjohn.html

 

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Quotes from

'Kaipu' Lakshminarasimha Sastry in free India

After The World Conquest

After his conquest of the world, Bali summoned a meeting of all his ministers end subjects. In the open assembly he worshipped his chief preceptor Shukracharya and said with folded hands, "O Gurudeva, I became the emperor with your guidance. Accept the wealth I have brought as a token of my gratitude."

Shukracharya smiled and said: "O king of the Danavas, this wealth belongs to the subjects. Perform the 'Vishwajit' sacrifice in such a way that the wealth is properly distributed among the subjects. Then I shall ask for two gifts from you."

Bali agreed to his Guru's suggestion and said, 'What is the first dakshina that you wish to ask from me ?"

Shukracharya said: "First establish righteousness among the Danavas."

Bali vowed that his empire would become a place marked by righteous conduct and wanted to know what his Guru's second wish was. 

Shukracharya. then said: "Practice the virtue of charity and try to reduce poverty in the world.Bali promised to fulfil his second desire also and said : "Giving charity will be my vow from today. I will give away in charity whatever is asked of me without denial from today."

The whole world was stunned to hear about Bali's vow. The Devas in heaven also were shocked and surprised when they heard the news of Bali's vow.

None of the Daitya kings had performed this kind of Vishwajit sacrifice so far. Bali warned the Daityas thus : "Shed the path of violence and earn good name by following the path of righteousness. The unrighteous will be punished severely. Spread the message that there is no place for injustice and unrighteousness in the empire of Bali."

Man is afraid of poverty and hardship in this world. Being afraid of Danavas (demons), man worships Devas (gods) and prays for heavenly happiness. Bali knew this. Therefore he declared: "O my subjects, your happiness is mine. There will be no room for poverty in Bali's empire in future , You need not go in search of heaven. I shall make a heaven of this earth." He put into practice what he promised his subjects.

Ideal State

Prahlada, Shukracharya, Shambara and other elderly wise men helped Bali to improve the state of affairs in his empire by making necessary laws for the administration of the empire. Bali implemented the laws framed by his advisers to provide enough food and shelter and to give necessary facilities to ensure happiness of his subjects. The ascetics (rishis) who had gone to forests and mountains to practice austerities returned to their way of life and to perform sacrifices in hermitages without the fear of Danavas. Every one was able to devote him to the performance of religious rites without fear. Peace and plenty prevailed everywhere.

Bali traveled to the nooks and corners of his empire and saw for himself the happiness of his subjects. He was delighted to see green crops everywhere. Every one was heard saying, "Bali is righteous, truth loving, charitable. He is born on earth to make it a heaven." There was no one who prayed to Devas (gods) for the grant of wealth and happiness. Happiness and peace were firmly established on the earth now. Having got rid of poverty, the subjects enjoyed life with happiness

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THE SECOND VAISHNAVITE CONQUEST

THE PARASURAMA MYTH

 


The Legend of ParasuramaParasuram was the sixth  incarnation of  Vishnu. 
The word Parasu means 'axe' in Sanskrit and therefore the name Parasuram means 'Ram with Axe'.
The aim of his birth was to deliver the world from the arrogant oppression of the ruling caste, the Kshatriyas. He killed all the male Kshatriyas on earth and filled five lakes with their blood. After destroying the Kshatriya kings, he approached an assembly of learned men to find a way of penitence for his sins. He was advised that, to save his soul from damnation, he must hand over the lands he had conquered to the Brahmins. He did as they advised and sat in meditation at Gokarnam. There, he was blessed by Varuna - the God of the Oceans and Bhumidevi - Goddess of Earth. From Gokarnam he reached Kanyakumari and threw his axe northward across the ocean.  All the region from Kanykumari and Gokarnam emerged from under the sea.  He brought in 64 Brahmin families and gave this land of  Kerala to them.

 The Parasurama-legend is found in the Mahabharata; the Puranas; Kalidasa’s Raghuvamsa (Sanskrit drama canto 4. verse 53); the Thiruvalangad plates of Rajendra Chola (1012-1044) and the 18th century Keralolpati history in Malayalam.

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Vamana was able to push down Maha Bali to Patala Loka – the lowest regions of India – to Kerala.  The Christian dominion was thus restricted to the region of the Cheras.

 

The legend of Parasurama explains the final  Brahmin conquest of Kerala well after the sixth C AD and speaks of the coming of the Brahmins into Kerala taking over the country.  This process was a  contrived series of migration from the North to the South along the west coast of India.

 

 


The Kerala Government Website gives the following historical note:

 

 

“By about the 8th century, a chain of thirty two Brahmin settlements had come up, which eventually paved the way for the social, cultural and political separation of Kerala from the Tamil country, in due course. …..  The revival of the Chera kingdom was actually a byproduct of the Aryan Brahmin settlements and assumption of the socio-political dominance they had established. The Perumal was the Lord of Mahodayapura and the overlord of Kerala (Keraladhinatha). But his sovereignty was constrained by the preexisting power of the Brahmin settlements and the hereditary chieftains.

http://www.kerala.gov.in/history&culture/earlyhistory.htm

 

Thus the  supremacy of Christians began to vane soon after the sixth century when the Brahmins immigrated into Kerala and dominated the country. We are not sure of the social process involved.  One of the major reason was the taking up of arms by the Brahmin youth as mentioned in the historical records of the Namboodiri Brahmins.  Parasurama himself was a Brahmin who took up the axe – a Brahmin who became a Warrior.  It is this heritage that Parasurama Brahmins brought into Kerala.  If Vamana conquest used subtle deceit, Parasurama conquest used direct muscle power by secret training of youths into martial arts within the temple.  Particular reference is to be made to the Chatters which literally means people meant for death  - a suicide squad.

 

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The Suicide Squads of Brahmins

 

Known variously as the Chatter or Chattirar, these arms-bearing Brahmanans are seen in records from different parts of India from the post-Gupta period onwards. It is from Kerala that we have the clearest information about them. We hear about the significant institutions called Salais, which imparted military training to these Brahmanan youth in different parts of Kerala - some of them had been looked upon by the neighbouring rulers as a veritable military threat to them.,….. In any case, Namboothiris had become a significant economic, social and political force by the time the Chera Perumals were ruling over Kerala. This justifies the statement of a modern historian that the polity under the Cheras of Mahodayapuram was in reality a Brahmanan oligarchy and that the Brahmanans constituted the real power behind the throne.

 

In fact, the statements in Keralolpathi as well as other historical sources, that it was the Brahmanans who put the Chera king on the throne, mean the same thing. ”  Namboothiri Website Trust

 

Dr. Kesavan Veluthat : http://www.namboothiri.com/articles/history.htm

 

 

The Jihad Training

The Muslim Brotherhood was founded in 1928 by Hasan al-Banna, a 22-year-old elementary school teacher, as an Islamic revivalist movement following the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and the subsequent ban of the caliphate system of government that had united the Muslims for hundreds of years. Al-Banna based his ideas that Islam was not only a religious observance, but a comprehensive way of life, on the tenets of Wahhabism, better known today as "Islamism", and he supplemented the traditional Islamic education for the Society's male students with jihadia training.
http://www.alquedatrainingmanual.com/

 

Thus we can see that there is great truth in the Parasurama Axe legend. The Brahmins formed a terrorist training ground within the temples inside Chera empire itself (similar to the al-Queda, Hamas and Hezbolla of today with suicide battalions.   Techniques has not changed)  The Parasu Rama conquest was a subtle military guerilla conquest of Brahminic Army, where Parasu Rama raised the Kerala Coast out of “the sea” and handed it over to the Brahmins..  (Even in modern India this religious based guerilla trainings are organized by the Siva Sena (Army of Siva)  in Bombay and the Rashtiya SwayamSeva Sangh (RSS) (Political Self Serving Group) to fight the Christians and the muslims.) By the eighth century, Brahmins came to control villages centered around a temple taking over large masses of land.  They became Land Lords and Priests and the local villagers became Adiyars (Serfs).   

 

The present Brahmin families (gotras)  trace their origin only from  the sixth century AD the descendants of the families brought in by Parasurama.  Until then Brahmins did not exist in Kerala.  The small faction of Brahmins who were present at the time when Thomas arrived in the Kerala coast, embraced the Way and they remain as teachers of the Word even to this day.

 

The Nairs – the warrior caste - as a caste,  appear on the scene as late as  the 12thC AD. They came from the North is certain. In the later years,  Nairs were made the ruling class in Kerala by the Brahmins.  Brahmins then relegated to the priesthood profession within the temple controlling the vast landed property. It was from this time onwards that we see the presence of idols and the temples in Kerala. What is interesting is that soon after the eclipse of the Kalbhras, the Second Chera Empire made its appearance in the annals of Kerala history.  Mahodyapuram (modern Kodangallur) was its capital. It was founded by Kulasekhara Alvar (a.d. 800-820), one of the 12 Alvars.  Alvars were Tamil saints who composed and sang hymns in praise of Vishnu. They were exponents of the Bhakti (devotional) cult in South India. The Alvars gave a great impetus to the Bhakti cult in South India between the seventh and the tenth centuries.  Thus the Gnostic concept of Vishnu swallowed Isa.  Instead Vishnu incarnates now and then to destroy the Isanuvadikal (the followers of Isa)