CHARACTER OF GOD
At a time when the whole Christian Evagelical
Missionaries are presenting the Christian God
as an ego maniac, angry God who enjoys in putting mankind through the hell
and showing partiality to an elect few to be with him which he had
determined before the
creation of the world this may come as a surprise. These
presentation may help as a fear
tactics in the mission fields. Eventually it will be the demise of
Christianity. We will be failing in the Great Commission handed over to our
fathers, if we are not faithful stewards as the elect called out to die for
The God as presented by Jesus is a totally different. This is the God our
fathers presented to
What is the character of God?.
of God remained the same throughout the period of creation and goes on to
ages after ages without end.
Malachi 3:6 -
For I the LORD, I change not; therefore ye sons of Jacob are not consumed.
- Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day,
and for ever.
James 1:17 -
Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from
the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of
1:8 - I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is
to come, the Almighty.
revealed through the ages in context as was needed for the growth and
perfecting of man . It has been a progressive
God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake
in time past unto the fathers by the prophets, Hath in these last days
spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by
whom also he made the worlds.
revelations and teachings were transmitted mostly orally through teachings
of the early saints and fathers. Later when the art of writing came into
existence some of them were written down. These teaching
tells us the character of God.
God is Love
In the New
Testament documents we have the best definition; "God is Love"This is actually the only definition of God
in terms of who God is and His Character in relation to Man and within the
This is why
the ultimate expression of God's love to man is found in the cross. The
whole Christian Faith hangs on this understanding. All actions of God are
to be understood in terms of His love. Love comes first and all others
emerge out of this character, even judgment, punishment and death. OH even the hell.
proved his love on the cross. When Christ hung, and bled, and died it was
God saying to the world—I love you." Billy Graham
This is why
the ultimate expression of God's love to man is found in the cross. The
whole Christian Faith hangs on this understanding. All actions of God are
to be understood in terms of His love. Love comes first and all others
emerge out of this character, even judgment, punishment and death. OH even the hell.
proved his love on the cross. When Christ hung, and bled, and died it was
God saying to the world—I love you." Billy Graham
God as Abba Father
is a metaphor used to describe God by nearly all ancient peoples. In fact
most people worship their forefathers as part of God. The dead never leave
or cease to exist. Instead they are the mediators between the living and
contrast God is seldom referred to as Father in the Old Testament. Here are
the way you repay the LORD, O foolish and unwise people? Is he not your
Father, your Creator, who made you and formed you?" (Deuteronomy
guarded him as the apple of his eye.” (Deuteronomy 32:10)
LORD, you are our Father. We are the clay, you are the potter; we are
all the work of your hand." (Isaiah 64:8, NIV)
I will be
his father, and he shall be my son: and I will not take my mercy away from him, as I took
it from him that was before thee: (1Ch 17:13)
build an house for my name; and he shall be my
son, and I will be his father; and I will establish the throne of his
kingdom over Israel for ever. (1Ch 22:10)
call out to me, 'You are my Father, my God, the Rock my Savior.'"
(Psalms 89:26)But you are our Father, though Abraham does not know us or
Israel acknowledge us; you, O LORD, are our Father, our Redeemer
from of old is your name." (Isaiah 63:16)
will come with weeping; they will pray as I bring them back. I will lead
them beside streams of water on a level path where they will not stumble,
because I am Israel's father, and Ephraim is my firstborn son."
you not just called to me: 'My Father, my friend from my youth...."
thought you would call me 'Father' and not turn away from following
me." (Jeremiah 3:19b)
us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his
shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting
Father, Prince of Peace." (Isaiah 9:6)
to the fatherless, a defender of widows, is God in his holy
dwelling. God sets the lonely in families,
he leads forth the prisoners with singing.” (Psalm 68:5-6)
At least some
patriarchs knew God's love and protection as that of a Father. That was it.
One of the functions of the
Father is to discipline children to make them whole.
12: 5-11 And have you
forgotten the exhortation that addresses you as sons?
“My son, do
not regard lightly the discipline of the Lord,
nor be weary when reproved by him.
For the Lord disciplines the one he loves,
and chastises every son whom he receives.”
It is for
discipline that you have to endure. God is treating you as sons. For
what son is there whom his father does not discipline? If you are left
without discipline, in which all have participated, then you are
illegitimate children and not sons. Besides this, we have had earthly
fathers who disciplined us and we respected them. Shall we not much more be
subject to the Father of spirits and live? For they disciplined us for a
short time as it seemed best to them, but he disciplines us for our good,
that we may share his holiness. For the moment all discipline seems painful
rather than pleasant, but later it yields the peaceful fruit of
righteousness to those who have been trained by it.
One of the
things my Muslim brothers could not understand was that I called God
"Father". Just like the Jews, they understood God only as a slave
master who is angry. He might reward you if you do good,
but will burn you if you don't do as He expect you to do the job.
"Allah, most merciful and gracious" is a task master. That is
exactly how the Jews saw God also.
It was in
this context that Jesus came with a revolutionary declaration of God as the
Father of all Adamic Race. When Jesus taught his
disciples he told them to address Him as "Our Father" in Aramaic
it meant "Abba", "Daddy" as the babies addressed their
That was the
real character of God in relation to man.
“Your Father, who sees what is done in secret, will
reward you.” (Matthew 6:4)
knows what you need before you ask him.” (Matthew 6:8)
“Look at the
birds of the air; they do not sow or reap or store away in barns, and yet
your Heavenly Father feeds them. Are you not much more valuable than
they?” (Matthew 6:26)
then, though you are evil, know how to give good gifts to your children,
how much more will your Father in heaven give good gifts to those who ask him!” (Matthew 7:11)
in heaven is not willing that any one of these little ones should be
lost.” (Matthew 18:14)
“But while he
was still a long way off, his father saw him and was filled with compassion
for him; he ran to his son, threw his arms around him and kissed him… But
the father said to his servants, `Quick! Bring the best robe and put
it on him. Put a ring on his finger and sandals on his feet.
Bring the fattened calf and kill it. Let’s have a feast and
celebrate. For this son of mine was dead and is alive again; he was
lost and is found.’” (Luke 15:20b, 22-24)
answered, `I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one comes to the
Father except through me…. Anyone who has seen me has seen the Father.”
“And I will
ask the Father, and he will give you another Counselor [or Comforter] to be
with you forever – the Spirit of Truth.” (John 14:16)
will give you whatever you ask in [Jesus’] name.” (John 15:16)
“For you did
not receive a spirit that makes you a slave again to fear, but you received
the Spirit of son-ship. And by him we cry, `Abba, Father.’” (Romans
“I will be a
Father to you and you will be my sons and daughters, says the Lord
Almighty.” (2 Corinthians 6:18 & 2 Samuel 7:14)
“Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who
has blessed us in the heavenly realms with every spiritual blessing in
Christ. For he chose us…. In love he predestined us to be adopted as
his [children].” (Ephesians 1:3-5)
[Christ] we… have access to the Father by one Spirit.” (Ephesians 2:18)
“[God is] the
Father from whom all fatherhood derives its name.” (Ephesians 3:15)
“Now to [the
Father] who is able to do immeasurably more than all we ask or imagine,
according to his power that is at work within us, to him be glory in the
church and in Christ Jesus throughout all generations, for
ever and ever! Amen.” (Ephesians 3:20-21)
“How great is
the love the Father has lavished on us that we should be called children of
God!” (1 John 3:1)
The history of man
his future history
lie on this relationship.
God deals with humans as a Father deals with his
talismanic word of the Alexandrian fathers, as of the New Testament, was
This word, as
now, unlocked all mysteries, solved all problems, and explained all the
enigmas of time and eternity.
as Father, punishment was held to be remedial, and therefore restorative,
and ﬁnal recovery from sin universal. It
was only when the Father was lost sight of in the judge and tyrant, under
the baneful reign of Augustinianism, the Deity was hated, and that
Catholics transferred to Mary, and later, Protestants gave to Jesus that
supreme love that is due alone to the Universal Father. For centuries in
Christendom after the Alexandrine form of Christianity had waned, the
Fatherhood of God was a lost truth, and most of the worst errors of the
modern creeds are due to that single fact, more than to all other causes.
If God the
Father was at least one tenth as good as my earthly father he would deal
much better than the God who sends most of His children to burning hell for
eternity because He considers himself Sovereign against whom they revolted.
what man is there of you,
If his son ask bread, will he give him a stone?
Or if he ask a fish, will he give him a serpent?
If you, then, though you are evil,
know how to give good gifts to your children,
how much more will your Father in heaven give good gifts to those who ask
in everything, do to others what you would have them do to you,
for this sums up the Law and the Prophets.
really is true—
God loves us. Jesus said it plainly:
“For the Father Himself loves you”
CREATION AS AN ACT OF
Creation of man was the greatest
act of love
of God in His relation to the creatures in His creation is found in the
very act of creation.
In the Jewish
mystical thought known as Kabballah, the creation
itself will require that God constrain himself - empty himself
- for the existence. If the "Infinite" did not restrict itself,
then nothing could exist—everything would be overwhelmed by God's totality.
Thus existence requires God's transcendence. In order to create, God
restrained himself to provide space for existence and freedom for the
beings he created. God sacrificed his sovereignty, his space of Lordship
and his freedom. This is the ultimate sacrifice of an infinite God.
God knew the
possibilities - possibilities of fall and possibilities of redemption. God
knew the pain right then, yet in His love He generated His Sons and
Daughters in His likeness with total freedom as He himself has.
This is not
and mother as they grow into a family repeats this process. Eventually
every parent knows that their sons and daughters will have to act on their
own free will and grow into maturity. The process of growth we know is
sometimes filled with pain.
That is why
parents are there.
If they fall
into evil ways, the parents do not kill them.
their lives to redeem them.
It is this
love of God that is expressed in the Incarnation. This is why Jesus was
called 'the lamb of God slain from the foundation of the world".
Tzimtzum - Kenosis
contraction or kenosis (in Greek) or emptying of himself is known as tzimtzum (in Hebrew). The word used here is
"kenosis", and it is a self-renunciation - a transcendence of
ego. At the same time nothing can exist without God requiring that
God be simultaneously transcendent and immanent. On the one hand, he is
absent from the space. On the other hand, God continuously maintains the
existence of, and is thus not absent from, the created universe. The Divine
life-force which brings all creatures into existence must constantly be
present within them, were this life-force to forsake any created being for
even one brief moment, it would revert to a state of utter nothingness, as
before the creation. Because the tzimtzum
results in the "empty space" in which spiritual and physical
Worlds and ultimately, free will can exist, God is often referred to as
lit. "the Place", "the Omnipresent") in Rabbinic
literature This understanding is supported by various biblical teachings:
"You have made the heaven... the earth and all that is on it... and
You give life to them all" (Nehemiah 9:6); "All the earth is
filled with God's Glory" (Numbers 14:21); "God's Glory fills the
world" (Isaiah 6:3). Creation therefore requires God's immanence.
While God transcends the creation.
Rabbi Nachman of Breslav discusses
this inherent paradox as follows:
Only in the
future will it be possible to understand the Tzimtzum
that brought the 'Empty Space' into being, for we have to say of it two
 the Empty Space came about through the Tzimtzum, where, as it were, He 'limited' His Godliness
and contracted it from there, and it is as though in that place there is no
 the absolute truth is that Godliness must nevertheless
be present there, for certainly nothing can exist without His giving it
life. (Likkutei Moharan
Adam, Son of God
Tzimtzum - Creation "Out of Nothing"?
beginning there was only God... and nothing else. God, or Ein Sof, was an
all-encompassing Divine Presence, light called "Or Ein
Sof" (the Light of Infinity). Since nothing
but God existed before creation, when God decided to create 'yesh' (i.e., "something") from its 'Ein' (i.e., "nothing"), God needed to "make
a space" or to "provide room" for that which was not God
(i.e., otherness). God therefore "emptied himself" by contracting
his infinite light to create a conceptual space for the creation of the
universe. In a great cosmic flash, God then "condensed" into a
point of infinite density and infinite energy called 'tzimtzum'
"contraction") and "exploded out" in all directions
(i.e., the cosmic "Big Bang"). In a sense, this self-imposed
"contraction" of the Infinite Light is a picture of God "sacrificing"
Himself for the sake of creation - the cross. This is the lamb that was
slain before the creation of the world.
another paradox in the creation. The real world created by God is not based
on power and authority but on sacrifice and service. The greatest in the
Kingdom of God is not the one who act as King and Sovereign but those who
23:11-12 He who is greatest among you shall be your servant. For he who
exalts himself will be humbled, and he who humbles
himself will be exalted.
that describe God's Nature are : Love Sacrifice Serve
Isaac Luria (the Ari) describes the doctrine of tzimtzum:
to Creation, there was only the infinite Or Ein Sof filling all existence. When it arose in God's Will
to create worlds and emanate the emanated...He contracted (in Hebrew "tzimtzum") Himself in the point at the center, in
the very center of His light. He restricted that light, distancing it to
the sides surrounding the central point, so that there remained a void, a
hollow empty space, away from the central point... After this tzimtzum... He drew down from the Or Ein Sof a single straight
line [of light] from His light surrounding [the void] from above to below
[into the void], and it chained down descending into that void.... In the
space of that void He emanated, created, formed and made all the
restricted himself from this worlds he created and thus do not want to know
what is their will and actions and future. This will take away the
predestination problem. God willingly gave up his prescience and gave an
area of uncertainty and ability to choose within those realms. God has that
freedom and he gave that freedom to man - so that man may be the image of
God and hence in true sense Sons of God - "Adam, Son of God".
reveals God has other sons besides Jesus (who alone is cosubstantial
with God; His only begotten Son ), who are created
by God in the various dimensions of Cosmos. They form the body of God.
a. Angels -
the sons of God (e.g., Job 38:7) including Fallen angels (Genesis 6:2), and
even Satan (Job 1:6)
b. Adam - the
son of God (Luke 3:38) and through Adam all Mankind - Fallen and Unfallen
the Believers - "sons of God" (e.g., I John 3:2)
Genesis 1:2 The earth
was formless and void, and darkness was over the surface of the deep, and
the Spirit of God was moving over the surface of the waters.
world is subject to predetermined laws of Physics. Even there we see
uncertainly principle that gives space for choice which are
not predetermined. The written Law correspond to
this type of administration while the Law of Spirit gives choice and more
But God gave
the freedom of the Spirit world to the Spirit of Man.
Psalm 33:6 By the word
of the LORD the heavens were made, And by the breath of His mouth all their host.
John 6:63 "It is
the Spirit who gives life; the flesh profits nothing;
3:17 "Now the Lord is the Spirit, and where the Spirit of the Lord is,
there is freedom"
Genesis 2:7 Then the
LORD God formed man of dust from the ground, and breathed into his nostrils
the breath of life; and man became a living being.
John 20:17 17Jesus said to her,
"Stop clinging to Me, for I have not yet ascended to the Father; but
go to My brethren and say to them, 'I ascend to My Father and your Father,
and My God and your God.'"
goal of creation was a Man who was to be made in God's image.
If Adam was pre-programmed and every action of Adam was pre-destined, Adam
would never had the freedom as the son of God and
was not an image of God. It is the image of God property that gave Adam the
ability to fall. Did God fail? As a growing up process Adam fell. But the
presence of the Father will be there to rectify and restore. Finally, we
are told He will redeem and restore all creation to the perfection He
wanted to be so that God will be "all in all," and the world will
be restored to heavenly perfection....God will have his family with Him
made in right standing..
Creation as the Body of God
created everything within himself they form the body of God. According to
Judeo-Christian monotheistic pattern that includes material and spiritual
worlds, including all dimensions and life forms in cosmos..
Where else could it be? The beings hence form part of the living cells
within the body which has specific function to do and combine to form
organs of the body of God. As long as the whole parts work synchronized
with the whole Godhead as one unit, the body is perfect and complete.
sentient beings form the cancer within God's body.
some cells try to take over the function of other cells and some organs
become cancerous the whole body suffers and God is in pain. Hence the
redemption (healing) alone can bring back God and creation in consonance.
Since there are no space outside of God, no surgical removal can be
annihilation of these sinners could remove the material pain. But what
about the memories of the past.
redemption of everything is the only solution if God has to get out of his
agony. In Him, we move and have our being. If just one tiny cell remain sick and evil, God will be in agony. Hence
follows the extreme self giving, sacrificing Love of God and the total
redemption of the whole creation so that God may be what He wants to be
"in all and all in Him".
We can think
of this analogy also as an analogy of a family or a tribe or our planet of
even beyond. In love we are one. We can never be complete and happy by
surgical removal of a live part and throwing it out. They will always be
part of us and will be an agony to eternity.
Monotheism and Dualism
In the above
argument, we have started with the Person of God alone as the sole starting
point who can create matter and all other entities
potentially. There are systems of religion where they start with both
Person and the Matter (Purusha and Prakriti) and the Person creates using the Matter and
the Space outside of Him. Here since the Person of God is outside of the
rest of the Universe, what happens in the Universe does not cause pain to
the person. In this case the pain remains with the beings in the Universe
alone. God can turn His back on Prakriti and go
on with His future. However this dualism is not acceptable to Christian
monotheism. As a result anything happens to the creation is happening
within God Himself.
Purusha (God) and Prakriti (Cosmos) existed as separate realities.
existed in the beginning. God created cosmos and shared his energies with
beings he created.
YHVH reveals Himself to Moses
In the Old
Testament YHVH's nature and character is described in the announcement of
the Angels as the Lord passed before Moses when Moses asked to see the face
of God. God does not show His face since no man can see His face and live.
Instead Moses sees only the back of God - a part of God's nature. We do not
know what Moses Saw. But what is presented is a
Royal entry of YHVH and the declaration of who YHVH is as he enters the
scene in the traditional Kingly fashion. It gives 13 attributes of God.
This revelation came in the very Beginning of the giving of the Law, long
before the final revelation through Jesus the Son of God through His
incarnation as Son of Man.
Thirteen Attributes of
(Shelosh Esreh Middot)
the month of Elul and during certain festivals, the "Thirteen
Attributes of Mercy" are recited three times:
LORD, the LORD, a God merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and abounding
in steadfast love and faithfulness, keeping steadfast love for thousands,
forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, but who will by no means
clear the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children and
the children's children, to the third and the fourth generation"
various traditional interpretations, these thirteen attributes of God's
Name may be understood as follows:
1. Adonai - I, the LORD, am the Compassionate Source of all of
life and Ground of all being; I am the breath of life for all of creation.
I am the God of all possible worlds and Master of the universe. Everything
that exists is an expression of my loving will and kindness: olam chesed yibaneh: "The world is built with chesed" (Psalm 89:3). Since the relative
difference between existence and non-existence is infinite, God's creation
represents infinite kindness, and since you exist, you likewise are
expression of God's kindness and love. You do not exist because God
needs you but solely because your life is willed by God as an expression of
2. Adonai Though the LORD created the universe "very
good", He remained the Compassionate Source of life even after mankind
sinned, and therefore the Name is repeated to refer to His loving
relationship with alienated, fallen creation. I, the LORD, am also
compassionate to one who has sinned and repented (i.e., the Creator gives
us free will and the good gift of teshuvah). God
created mankind for the sake of teshuvah -
that is, our return to Him. God desires atonement with mankind even
after sin and therefore continues to give existence to the world. "He
makes his sun rise on the evil and on the good, and sends rain on the just
and on the unjust" (Matt. 5:45). Moreover, as the Savior and Redeemer
of the world through Yeshua, the LORD reveals
kindness even to the evil, and even partakes of its presence by means of
His sacrificial love on the cross. Since teshuvah
can only exist after the advent of sin, Yeshua is
called the Lamb slain from the foundation of the world (Rev. 13:8; Eph.
1:4; 1 Pet. 1:20).
3. El - I, the LORD, am God the
Almighty and Omnipotent;
4. Rachum - I, the LORD, am merciful (rachamim means "mercy" and rechem means "womb");
5. Chanun - I, the LORD, am gracious; I pour out my favor
freely to all of creation. (Chen is the word for "grace");
6. Erekh Apayim - I, the LORD, am slow
to anger and patient (the word erekh
means "long" and af means
"nose." The idiom erekh apayim means "long suffering, patient");
7. Rav Chesed - I, the LORD, am abundant
in love to both the righteous and the wicked;
8. Rav Emet - I, the LORD, am
truthful and faithful in carrying out promises;
9. Notzer Chesed La'alafim - I, the LORD, retain chesed
(love) for thousands of generations, taking into account the merit
of our worthy ancestors (called zechut avot);
10. Nosei Avon - I, the LORD, forgive iniquity (avon), defined in the tradition as wrongful deeds
committed with premeditation; I "carry iniquity away" (nasa) for the penitent;
11. Nosei Pesha - I, the LORD, forgive
transgression (pesha), defined as
wrongful deeds committed in a rebellious spirit;
12. Nosei Chata'ah - I, the LORD, forgive
sin (chet), defined as those
wrongful deeds that were inadvertently committed;
13. Nakkeh - I, the LORD, will not cancel punishment,
but I will clear the guilt for those who genuinely return to Me in teshuvah.
The Shelosh Esrei Middot formula is recited on Yom Kippur, and also
during the Torah service on the High Holy Days, Pesach, Shavuot, and Sukkot.
from his womb and Adam was the first created Son of God.
sons of Adam are God's children.
deals with you as a father deals with his children.
the combination there is right measure of Chesed
and Din that can be seen in the verse. what is the
“perfect” balance of Chesed and Din for which we
should strive? I believe that a strong case can be made that the core
teaching of God’s Thirteen Middot Ha Rachamim tells us that Din, must not merely be equally
balanced by Chesed; the fact that Chesed is shown by God to the thousandth generation,
while Din is shown only until the fourth generation, teaches us that Chesed must take precedence over Din."
The Zohar, the most important book of Cabala, states that
an excess of Din is the source of ultimate evil. When there is too much of
an emphasis in one’s life on Din (justice or control), evil (which is
defined as “lack of balance”, “lack of wholeness”, or “unnatural separation”)
arises. For this reason, the Cabala advises us that we should “lean” toward
according to Cabala, the world would be so overwhelmed by God’s love that
it would be re-absorbed into The Infinite- Eyn Sof; without Chesed, the most
significant aspect of human existence would be our imperfections. We would
be called to account for every wrong that we committed. God’s judgment
would unleash forces of destruction on the world, making it
came time to create the world, God reflected,
“If I create the world with the attribute of Chesed
(Loving Kindness) alone,
there will be an overflow of wrongful acts—no one will be afraid of
But if I create the world with Din (Justice) alone,
how could the world endure?
It would shatter from the harsh measure of justice.
So I will create it with both justice and compassion,
it will endure.”
(Genesis. Rabbah 12:15)....
Character of God there is a balance of "Loving Kindness" to
"Justice" is given as 1000:4
The Hebrew word for
repentance is teshuvah , a word derived
from a Hebrew root that means "to return". God is always
ready to welcome our return. The Rabbis stressed the constant availability
of forgiveness to those who return to God:“God
says to Israel. Open to me a gate of repentance no bigger than the point of
a needle, and I will open to you a gate [of forgiveness] wide enough to
drive a wagon and carts through” (Canticles Rabbah
In this list
of God's Character there is no Holiness.
emphasize is that:
God is Love and all other attributes are derived from this Love. They
are remedial so that his children can into His likeness and be love.
Bible Verses About God Loves Everyone
related to God Loves Everyone from the King James Version (KJV) by
Romans 5:8 -
But God commendeth his love toward us, in that,
while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us.
So God loves even
the sinners and died to save all of them. Did he elect all? Could he save
all? If God is Love and Adam was the son of God, wont he save all of his children through Adam? Do
they have a choice?
John 3:16 -
For God so loved the world, that he gave his only begotten Son, that
whosoever believeth in him should not perish, but have everlasting life.
Jesus did die
for all the world and did he give the ability to
believe in him also? Certainly otherwise this death has no meaning. Man can
still choose. He is still free even when they are sinners.
- I love them that love me; and those that seek me early shall find me.
5:43-48 - Ye have heard that it hath been said,
Thou shalt love thy neighbour,
and hate thine enemy. But I say unto you, Love
your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and
pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you; That ye may be
the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he maketh
his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth
rain on the just and on the unjust. For if ye love them which love you,
what reward have ye? do not even the publicans the
same? And if ye salute your brethren only, what do ye
more than others? do not even the publicans so? Be
ye therefore perfect, even as your Father which is
in heaven is perfect.
- Then Peter opened [his] mouth, and said, Of a truth I perceive that God
is no respecter of persons: But in every nation he that feareth
him, and worketh righteousness, is accepted with
1 John 4:10 -
Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his
Son [to be] the propitiation for our sins.
2 Peter 3:9 -
The Lord is not slack concerning his promise, as some men count slackness;
but is longsuffering to us-ward, not willing that any should perish, but
that all should come to repentance.
1 John 4:8 -
He that loveth not knoweth
not God; for God is love.
Thus can man
love, repent, believe in Jesus while yet a sinner. Does God love all
mankind including the dire sinners?
are based on his love for all mankind.
The Concept of Contraction (Tzimtzum) as Sacrificial Love
of tzimtzum is the principle described in the
contraction and repair theory of the "Arie"
(Rabbi Isaac Luria).
his school, the deity constricted His Infinitude to make room for the
creation of man and the world. In doing so he empowered man charging him
with the responsibility for his own destiny and even for influencing the
divine construct. This is what we call Freedom. In this a two-way relations
are created between the Creator and the created, both contract themselves
and complement each other’s creations. This is what we call ‘LOVE”. This
model serves as a basis for tzimtzum on the human
defined by Jesus in his statement:
(ASV) Greater love hath no man than this, that a
man lay down his life for his friends.
contraction (tzimtzum), another part expands.
Tzimtzum makes room for others,
thereby giving a person and others space to co-exist.
of tzimtzum is dynamic. Sometimes there is tzimtzum, and sometimes there is extension or
expansion, and there is no one constant force that controls the other.
The tzimtzum of an individual makes room for the other but
is essentially different than self-effacement as it is commonly understood.
In the tzimtzum the individual does not vanish or
become erased but continues to exist but with higher potency. Since the
point has zero dimension, the potency will be
(Potency)/0 which is the definition of infinite.
Tzimtzum may be articulated on an
inter-personal level, between parents and children, between spouses and
It can be
articulated in a family, a group, a tribe, a nation and even in the whole
world of mankind.
is expressed in the whole creation, it becomes the Kingdom of God, where
God will be in all and all will be in God.
This was clearly
explained by Jesus:
“Jesus called [the
disciples] together and said,
“You know that those who
are regarded as rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them,
and their high officials exercise authority over them.
Not so with you.
whoever wants to become
great among you must be your servant,
and whoever wants to be first must be slave of all.
For even the Son of Man
did not come to be served, but to serve,
and to give his life as a ransom for many.” Mark 10:42-45
Yes, the Gentiles use
their power to overpower the people around them.
They make sure everyone
knows who the boss is. Not so with you.
“Jesus knew that the
Father had put all things under his power,
and that he had come from
God and was returning to God;
so he got up from the
meal, took off his outer clothing,
and wrapped a towel around his waist.
After that, he poured
water into a basin and began to wash his disciples’ feet”. John 13:3-5
In this upper room as
Jesus prepares for the cross set before him, He becomes acutely aware of
So what did Jesus do?
He immediately humbled
Himself and served!
‘Do you understand what I
have done for you?’ he asked them.
‘You call me Teacher and
Lord, and rightly so, for that is what I am.
Now that I, your Lord and
Teacher, have washed your feet,
you also should wash one another’s feet.
I have set you an example
that you should do as I have done for you.
Very truly I tell you, no
servant is greater than his master,
nor is a messenger greater than the one who sent him.
Now that you
know these things, you will be blessed if you do them.’ John 13:12-15
stop at Jesus, there is another who is greater than Jesus
heard how I said unto you, I go away, and come again unto you. If ye loved
me, ye would rejoice, because I said, I go unto the Father: for my Father
is greater than I.”
whom if the Father is greater than Jesus.
things and serves Jesus and gives all the Power in His hands?
shows his Power by serving and magnifying Jesus because Father loves the
can be extended to all God’s children. That includes Adam and the human
Father gets his praise not because you praise Him, but because in His love
he serves you.
This is the
praise of Jesus
In turn this
is the praise of the Father.
This then is the principle of
the Kingdom of God.
This is what
the Christian Churches failed to realize.
Tzimtzum includes two main
processes: contraction and expansion. The very process of constriction
necessarily makes room for the expansion of some other element. Tzimtzum does not weaken but strengthens, and a
connection (contact) is created between the constricting parties, which is
stronger than the strength of either party.
“I and Thou”
as Opposed to “I or Thou”
compare two types of inter-personal behavior-the “I and thou” pattern and
the “I or thou” pattern. In the “I and thou” pattern, the individual and
the other act in co-existence, and the “I” evacuates space for the “thou”;
whereas in the “I or thou” pattern, there are hostile relations between the
“I” and the “you,” and one will always be at the expense of the other. In
this type of relation there is always competition, one attempting displace
and destroy the other. This is today the Kingdom of This World. The
significance of this principle will be evident later when we discuss the
reason for this upside down world.
In Kabbalistic Hasidism the idea of tzimtzum
is accompanied by the additional concept known as tikkun
(repair). The contraction is only the beginning or preparation for
creation. After God’s act of contraction for the sake of creating the
world, a kind of cosmic explosion of light and sparks is described - the
word went out and creation took place. In the process of creation, as the
creative word went out into the empty space, the containers were not able
to hold them and a shattering of vessels took place, which in Kabbalistic language is called “the shattering of the
vessels,” in the wake of which the sparks of holiness became scattered in
the upper and lower worlds and became encased in separate shells. This is
the fall. Instead of being together they were scattered and thought
themselves elevated creating an “I or You” world
verb Tikkun is only found four times in the
Scriptures (Ecclesiastes 1:15, 7:13, 12:9, and Daniel 4:36). It means to
make straight, establish, arrange, or repair. In Ecclesiastes 7:13 the
writer said, "Consider what God has done: Who can straighten [Takkan] what he has made crooked?"
that we have a moral duty to society originates in the Torah. In
Deuteronomy 16:20 God commanded Israel: "Follow justice and justice
alone." The Hebrew prophet Amos condemned Israel's disregard of the
widow, orphan and alien. He declared: "Seek good, and not evil, that
you may live...Hate evil, and love good, and establish justice in the
gate...let justice roll down like waters, and righteousness like an
ever-flowing stream!" (Amos 5:14-15, 24).
Here is the
mystery hidden. The scattering of the vessels resulted in a social mishap.
It is not that there were no spark of God within
the particles. They were separated without subjecting to one another,
without loving one another and not dying for one another.
This then is
the fall. It is not an individual problem. It is a social problem.
Apparently the growing church as it failed to see the “I and you”
connection is still thinking of the problem as an individual transformation
You look into
any presentation of the gospel,in
today’s world, it is only directed at the personal level of transformation
and faith in Christ so that they can escape the hell, totally ignoring the
oneness aspect of the mankind.
friends, let us love one another, for love comes from God. Everyone who
loves has been born of God and knows God. Whoever does not love does not
know God, because God is love. This is how God showed his love among us: He
sent his one and only Son into the world that we might live through him.
This is love: not that we loved God, but that he loved us and sent his Son
as an atoning sacrifice for our sins.
friends, since God so loved us, we also ought to love one another. 12 No
one has ever seen God; but if we love one another, God lives in us and his
love is made complete in us."
as soon as Jesus left tried to build this commune of love. They were
defeated by one couple who retained “We and You”. Apparently everytime it was tried elsewhere they lasted only for a
very little time, for the same reason.
the established church never even tried to rebuild the dream of Jesus. The
communion meal became a symbol, and messages were for personal salvation
and for them going to heaven.
This is the
communion today. “Please use recyclable cups” lest we contaminate
job is to repair the fracture by an action called “raising the sparks”.
Instead of leaving the sparks in a state of disconnection and separation, a
person takes an active role in recreating worlds by tikkun,
by repair-by connecting the scattered elements.
God is Holy
Dictionary Definition: holiness
from holy. The state of being holy; purity or integrity of moral character;
freedom from sin; sanctity. Applied to the Supreme Being, holiness
denotes perfect purity or integrity of moral character, one of his
Who is like
thee, glorious in holiness? Ex.15.
1. Applied to
human beings, holiness is purity of heart or dispositions; sanctified
affections; piety; moral goodness, but not perfect.
piety and holiness ridiculed as morose singularities.
Sacredness; the state of any thing hallowed, or
consecrated to God or to his worship; applied to churches or temples.
3. That which
is separated to the service of God.
holiness unto the Lord. Jer.2.
4. A title of
the pope, and formerly of the Greek emperors.
whole, entire or perfect, in a moral sense. Hence, pure in heart, temper or
dispositions; free from sin and sinful affections. Applied to the Supreme
Being, holy signifies perfectly pure, immaculate and complete in moral
character; and man is more or less holy, as his heart is more or less
sanctified, or purified from evil dispositions. We call a man holy,when his heart is
conformed in some degree to the image of God, and his life is regulated by
the divine precepts. Hence, holy is used as nearly synonymous with good,
holy; for I am holy.
2. Hallowed; consecrated
or set apart to a sacred use, or to the service or worship of God; a sense
frequent in Scripture; as the holy Sabbath; holy oil; holy vessels; a holy
nation; the holy temple; a holy priesthood.
from pious principles,or
directed to pious purposes; as holy zeal.
just and good; as the holy law of God.
5. Sacred; as
a holy witness.
hollies, in Scripture, the innermost apartment of the Jewish tabernacle or
temple, where the ark was kept,and
where no person entered, except the high priest, once a year.
or Holy Spirit, the Divine Spirit; the third person in the Trinity; the
sanctifier of souls.
Holy war, a
war undertaken to rescue the holy land, the ancient Judea, from the
infidels; a crusade; an expedition carried on by Christians against the
Saracens in the eleventh, twelfth and thirteenth centuries; a war carried
on in a most unholy manner.
from Webster's American Dictionary of the English Language, 1828.
In 1 Chronicles
23:13 we read of Aaron being “set apart” or made unique in his
capacity to offer sacrifices for the people of God. This quality of
uncommonness or uniqueness can apply to people, objects, or time. The
ground, for example, upon which Moses encountered the Almighty in the
burning bush was holy ground (Ex. 3:1–6). The
part of the tabernacle containing the ark of the covenant is the holiest
16:1–2), and the old covenant festivals represent holy time (23).
All of these
earthly examples are holy because they are set apart by the Lord who is the
most “different” or “other” person in the universe. Scripture communicates
this idea in speaking of God’s transcendence. Our Creator is high and
exalted (Isa. 33:5),
above all things and unmatched in His power, glory, and purity (Ex. 15:11).
qadash: to be set apart or
Part of Speech: Verb
Phonetic Spelling: (kaw-dash')
Short Definition: consecrate
denominative verb from qodesh
Definition to be set apart or consecrated
become consecrated (2), become defiled (1), become holy (1), consecrate
(43), consecrated (35), consecrates (7), consecration (2), declare holy
(1), dedicate (2), dedicated (8), dedicating (1), holier (1), holy (5),
keep (1), keep it holy (2), keep the holy (3), made it holy (1), manifest
my holiness (2), prepare (2), prove myself holy (2), proved himself holy
(1), purified (1), regard as holy (1), sanctified (9), sanctifies (10),
sanctify (12), set them apart (1), set apart (4), set apart the consecrated
(2), show himself holy (1), transmit holiness (2), treat me as holy (3),
treated as holy (1), vindicate the holiness (1), wholly dedicate (1).
Qadash is being clean. God
defines what is right and what is wrong, what is moral and what is not
moral. In order to be clean God will have to move away from uncleanness or
wash away the uncleanness. If a sinner comes into the presence of God what
will be his reaction? What can God do. Is there a
place where God is not present, where God can place the sinner? Since this
cannot be, the only solution for God is to wash away the dirt
1 Peter 1:14
- 19 As obedient children, do not be conformed to the former lusts which
were yours in your ignorance, but like the Holy One who called you, be holy
yourselves also in all your behavior; because it is written, "YOU
SHALL BE HOLY, FOR I AM HOLY.". If you address as Father the One who
impartially judges according to each one's work, conduct yourselves in fear
during the time of your stay on earth knowing that you were not redeemed
with perishable things like silver or gold from your futile way of life
inherited from your forefathers, but with precious blood, as of a lamb
unblemished and spotless, the blood of Christ.
The Sovereignty of God
To begin, we
must go back to eternity past to when God alone existed.
beginning, God"(Gen. 1:1).
This is an
assumption all believers make.
always existed and is self-existent (Rev. 1:8).
I am Alpha
and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith
the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty. (Rev
Did God existed before the creation? Rev !:8
does not say that. It only says that as long as there was a beginning he
was there. He will be there when there is an end.
itself gets the meaning only from God.
Now we know
that God created all things (Gen.1:1). The very sovereignity
of God is at stake when he created free willed beings within himself as we
have seen in the contraction concept. God laid down his sovereignity
when he created man. Otherwise man was just a puppet or a machine.
is in the Heavens. He does whatever He pleases" (Psa. 115:3; cf. Psa.
135:5-6; Job 23:13; Eph. 1:11; Dan.4:35). Does that mean he can do good and
evil? Not really. God is good because goodness is defined by God. Goodness
is what Love is. Anything done in love is good. Then anything done outside
of love is evil. Can God do evil? Yes certainly God does whatever He wants
to but all that he will do will be in love.. This
is the pleasure of God (Matt. 11:26).
God does as
He pleases, always as He pleases, only as He pleases.
determines his pleasure is decided by his character which is simply given
Hence in all
that he has been doing and will be doing will be based on this character
unless God himself changes his character.
In love God
willed to create a universe.
The soveregnity of God is to be understood in terms of
Love. He is the Master of all creation and hence He loves all his creation
and He is King of Kings by serving His creation as a slave but as Love.
This word is heavily misunderstood by interpreting sovereignity
in terms of the Human upside down Kingdom. This has led to the theology of
Calvinism and their various forms attributing God an evil hating heart. Yes
indeed the glory of God is bringing the whole creation in unison, ransomed,
redeemed and new.
ourselves to Him as a living sacrifice, loving one another, living a holy
life pleasing to Him. This glorifies God and is our “reasonable service”
(Romans 12:1). It pains God when this sacrificial life is lost. When we
worship with an obedient heart and an open and repentant spirit, God is
glorified, Christians are purified, the church is edified, and the lost are
evangelized. God is glorified and in good health. These are all the
elements of true worship. This then is the interpretation based on the
faith that is monotheistic. God will not give his glory to another. When it
is given God will intervene and rectify.
God is Spirit
spirit,” He declared, “and those who worship Him must worship in spirit and
in truth” (John
declaration is with regard to how to worship. Our contact point as man to
YHVH is through the spirit which is part of God Himself within every man.
God is a Spirit does
not define God nor his character, it defines his
dimension of existence. The only definition of God in relation to His
character is what we had in the Exodus passage.
God doe not need any worship. Yet we need to worship him in
order that the focus is on love and God, so that we may be in consonance
and resonance with God, thus making the whole body and the mind and the
spirit of God in health. Worship is the means of synchronising
with the spirit of God. God as a person do not and will not need it.