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DEVELOPMENT OF ROMAN DOCTRINES ON MARY
MARY -COREDEMPTRIX


"Let all the children of the Catholic Church ... Proceed to worship, invoke, and pray to the most blessed Virgin Mary, mother of God, conceived without original sin"

Conception of the Virgin Mary, Pope Pius IX 1854

"Although Christ is the Sole Mediator between God and man (1 Tim. 2, 5), since He alone, by His death on the Cross, fully reconciled mankind with God, this does not exclude a secondary mediatorship, subordinated to Christ ... [Dr. Ludwig Ott, Fundamentals of Catholic Dogma].

The title Coredemptrix=Coredemptress ... must not be conceived in the sense of an equation of the efficacy of Mary with the redemptive activity of Christ, the sole Redeemer of humanity (1 Tim. 2, 5). [...] Her co-operation in the objective redemption is an indirect, remote co-operation, and derives from this that she voluntarily devoted her whole life to the service of the Redeemer, and, under the Cross, suffered and sacrificed with Him. As Pope Pius XII says ..., she "offered Him on Golgotha to the Eternal Father together with the holocaust of her maternal rights and her motherly love like a new Eve for all children of Adam" (D 2291). As "The New Eve" she is, as the same Pope declares ..., "the sublime associate of our redeemer" ... .
Christ alone truly offered the sacrifice of atonement on the Cross; Mary merely gave Him moral support in this action. Thus Mary is not entitled to the title "Priest" (sacerdos). [...] Christ, as the Church teaches, "conquered the enemy of the human race alone (solus)" (D 711); in the same way, He alone acquired the grace of Redemption for the whole human race, including Mary. The words of Luke 1:38[,] "Behold the handmaid of the Lord," imply Mary's mediate, remote co-operation in the Redemption. St. Ambrose expressly teaches: "Christ's Passion did not require any support" (De inst. virg. 7) "

INEFFABILIS DEUS,
the Apostolic Constitution Defining the Dogma of the Immaculate Conception,
by Pope Pius IX on the 8th day of December, 1854.

"The Fathers and writers of the Church, well versed in the heavenly Scriptures, had nothing more at heart that to vie with one another in preaching and teaching in may wonderful way the Virgin's supreme sanctity, dignity, and immunity from all stain of sin, and her renowned victory over the most foul enemy of the human race. This the did in the books they wrote to explain the Scriptures, to vindicate the dogmas, and to instruct the faithful. These ecclesiastical writers in quoting the words by which at the beginning of the world God announced the merciful remedies prepared for the regeneration of mankind--words by which he crushed the audacity of the deceitful serpent and wonderously raised up the hope of our race, saying, "I will put enmities between you and the woman, between your seed and her seed" (Gen 3:15)- taught that by this divine prophecy the merciful Redeemer of mankind, Jesus Christ, the only begotton Son of God, was clearly foretold: that his most Blessed Mother, the Virgin Mary, was prophetically indicated; and, at the same time, the very enmity of both against the evil one was significantly expressed. Hence just as Christ, the Mediator between God and man, assumed human nature, blotted the hand writing of the decree that stood against us, and fastened it triumpantly to the cross, so the most holy Virgin, united with him by a most intimate and indissoluble bond, was, with him and through him, eternally at enmity with evil serpent, and most completely triumphed over him, and thus crushed his head with her immaculate foot.

The arguement for Co-Redemptrix is simple and straight forward. Jesus is the Redeemer. Not even the Roman Catholic Church has any doubt about it. But there is one other who cooperated with God to bring this redemption about. This is Mary. Therefore Mary is the Co-redeemer.

The argument is very sound. But the question is, Is Mary the only one who cooperated with God to bring this about? Are there not others? As a first step what about Joseph. Did he not consent to be the Father of Jesus? Did he not take all the pain and humiliation of taking care of an illegitimate child whom practically every neighbor knew was not his? Still he took the child and the mother to safety from King Herod. Then he in his humbleness disappeared from the story without claims of sinlessness or glorification. If we apply the arguments to Joseph, the same arguments we applied to Mary, he will stand all the test.

What about the Apostles? Did they not go through hell and lay down their lives for the sake of Christ. Are they not the real redeemers of the world. Twelve Jews without whose cooperation Jesus' salvation history would have no effect.

Extend this further. What about every believer who extends the good news of Jesus Christ so that the salvation may reach to the ends of the earth and to their neighbors and to their families. They also foot the bill.

There is one other person whom I want to talk about. You may not like it. But it is true. What about Judas Iscariot? If anyone cooperated with God in bringing about the salvation of mankind a reality, it was not Mary, who delivered a child Jesus, but it was Judas. Without the wilful consent of Judas there would have been no cross, no sacrifice, and no salvation. Which is most important to salvation? Birth of Jesus or the death and resurrection of Jesus? Certainly Death and Resurrection. Who wilfully cooperated to bring this about? Since Judas was a disciple of Jesus, he was with Jesus thorugh out his ministry. He knew Jesus better than anyone else. He was the treasurer. He was given the Holy Spirit and he also went out and preached, taught and healed. He had the authority over demons. Finally notice the place that Jesus gave to Judas at the last supper. He was the first to receive the bread dipped in the sop. He was the chief guest sitting on the left hand side of Jesus in accordance with the Jewish custom. If that seat tells us anything, it means that Jesus considered him to be the most important person among all his disciples. Do you think Jesus would let him be the chief guest of this most important Passover supper? What did Jesus say to Judas. "What you are about to do, do it quickly" He was ordered to do something. It was not to his liking is certain from his behaviour later. He had a decision to make. A choice on which hang the salvation of mankind against his own consciouness of betraying righteous blood. Suppose he refused? That would have thwarted all God's plans. So he decided to cooperate. God knew he could not have done it. So Satan entered in him at that time. Satan was planned by God to complete the salvation plan. He paid the price. What a sacrifice!. If anyone deserve the right to be a coredeemer who would stand a better choice than Judas Iscariot?

As anyone can see, the arguments that are proposed by the Roman Church is not unique to Mary in any way. It fits even better to Judas Iscariot!!