Melchizedek, Christ, Eternal Priesthood
There are two groups: Those who say No and those who say yes. What is
the logic in both?
Jesus was not Melchizedek
That Melchizedek was not the same person as Jesus is evident in
that he is said to be "like unto" the Son of God (Heb. 7:3c). The
participle aphomoioo denotes a comparison (e.g., a "copy" or
"facsimile" - J.H. Thayer, Greek-English Lexicon, Edinburgh:
T.&T. Clark, 1958, pp. 89-90). The term becomes irrelevant if the two
persons were the same in identity.
A distinction between Christ and Melchizedek is vividly seen in Psalm
110, where Jehovah addresses David’s "Lord" (Jesus) in the second
person, while the reference to Melchizedek is in the third person (v.
4). [Note: See Matthew 22:42-44 for Jesus’ application of this psalm
If we accept this argument we need to justify the statements about
“without father and mother without descent” and without “beginning and
end” as we have indicated earlier.
Holy Spirit was Melchizedek
Priest of the Most High God
Without father, without mother
Without beginning of days
Without end of life
like unto the Son of man
as a Priest continually
Greater than Abraham
Levitical priesthood paid tithes to Melchizedek , indirectly in the
loins of Abraham
the power of an endless life
these characteristics are to be fulfilled, it can only be only be one
of the trinity. Melchizedek was Priest of the Most High God [God the
Father]; therefore Melchizedek was not God the Father. In a sense the
second person is called Son and therefore has a father and mother –
the Father and Holy Spirit. Holy Spirit is female gender in Aramaic
and the Old Testament Sophia (Wisdom) is represented as female in
could be the Holy Spirit. Melchizedek was the Third Person of the
Godhead, the Holy Spirit, appearing in human form to Abraham in that
dispensation, just as Jesus, the Second Person of the Godhead, also
appeared in human form, or in the form of an Angel, to Abraham and to
the people of the Old Testament dispensation as well. However
Melchizedek was not just a messenger to Abraham but was also a
resident King of Salem. If we assume that the Holy Spirit incarnated
in Melchizedek all conditions are met, though it is difficult to
assume that Holy Spirit need an incarnation. The usual concept is
that Holy Spirit indwells in the
of God which is the human body. That is what Holy Spirit does in the
New Testament Dispensation. This will therefore lead to the concept
of Holy Spirit taking control of a saintly willing person - a Prophet
and a Priest - and dwell among a people whom he instructs and leads in
worship. The Holy Ghost is a Person really distinct as such from the
Father and the Son; He/She is God and consubstantial with the Father
and the Son. He is the Spirit of God,
and at the same time the Spirit of Christ (Romans 8:9); because He is
in God, He knows the deepest mysteries of God (I Corinthians 2:10-11),
and He possesses all knowledge. "The Spirit helps us in our weakness,”
Paul says, "for we do not know how to pray as we ought..." (Romans 8,
26) There is also the strong relation between worship and the Holy
Spirit. Without the action of the Spirit connecting us with Christ,
who absorbs and perfects our worship and presents it to God on our
behalf, all of our prayer and praise and worship would be unworthy and
sinful. Our worship is made holy by Christ in the Spirit. Thus,
worship must be understood as the appropriate relationship between
creature and Creator, a relationship directed towards the Father
through the Son, who worships perfectly, in the power of the Holy
Spirit. Thus the Holy Spirit is the true High Priest.
Jesus was Melchizedek
other alternative is: Melchizedek is Jesus. Who else can be like unto
a Son? Although angels are “without father, without mother” - and
“without descent or genealogy” - yet they cannot be said to be
“without beginning of days”. He is a divine
appearance and a prophetic foreshadowing of the Christ. Melchizedek is
then the pre-existent Christ, before incarnation. Because Melchizedek
is the Son of God, he is "a priest perpetually." Christ's priesthood
is a continuation of, the priesthood of Melchizedek. We are not faced
with two priests here, but only one. Christ’s priesthood is well
There are indications that Jesus met Abraham. This is indicated in the
Abraham was, I Am" (John
priest taken from among men is ordained to serve on behalf of men in
things pertaining to God so that he may offer gifts and sacrifices for
sin. No one takes this honor to himself; he must be called of God, as
Aaron was (Hebrews 5:1, 4). So also, Christ did not glorify Himself to
be made a high priest, but He who said to Him, "You are My Son, today
I have begotten You" said also in another place, "You are a priest
forever, after the order of Melchizedek" (Hebrews 5:5).
argument against it is this. If so, was Melchizedek a man? How do we
define man? Hebrews 7:15, 16 reads, "And this is clearer still, if
another priest arises according to the likeness of Melchizedek, who
has become such, not on the basis of a law of physical requirement,
but according to the power of an indestructible life." Now, because it
is according to the power of an indestructible life, it is witnessed
of Him that He is a priest forever, according to the order of
Thus Melchizedek entered into the history as a man (in flesh or out of
flesh) and ruled in
and disappeared. Again, the priesthood of Christ is the extension,
and the New Testament realization, of the priesthood of Melchizedek.
That is the only way we may understand Christ's priesthood as being
"according to the order of Melchizedek."
If Christ and Melchizedek are one and the same, we are faced with the
implications that Christ appeared to Abram in Genesis 14; and he was
the King of Jerusalem where he had followers and a Christian Church
existed even in the day of Abram, although not referred to in our
Scriptures. This pre-incarnate Jesus actually used bread and wine as
offering even before the crucifixion. Was there salvation without
cross? Did he enter the holy of holies without blood?
caves where the Dead Sea Scrolls were found yielded a series of
thirteen fragments on Melchizedek. (I have quoted one scroll earlier
in full.) From these, it appears the belief that Melchizedek was the
Messiah was a strongly held conviction among the
community, as well as among some other Jewish and Gnostic sects in the
first century A.D.
MELCHIZEDEK TRACTATE (NHC IX 1) found in the Coptic Gnostic Library of
Nag Hammadi, which explicitly rejects the docetic interpretation of
Jesus (IX 1, 5.1-10) focuses on apocalyptic eschatology (IX 1, 26).
Here Melchizedek is presented as an Exalted Patriarch, an
Archangel, the Divine Warrior and Eschatological High Priest and it is
he who enacts the Consummation Pattern. Then Melchizedek and Jesus
Christ are identified.
If Melchizedek was indeed not Christ, How can he be an Eternal Priest?
Then either there exist two eternal priests, Christ and Melchizedek or
we have two mediators and there are two ways of approach to God - one
without blood and the other with blood. The whole atonement argument
of the New Testament will be then void. Hence the only possible
explanation is that the eternal order refers to the priesthood office
and not to the person. There exists an order by which Jesus the first
born of them automatically become a priest. What is this order?
The Christian Gnostics considered Melchizedek a savior-god higher
than Jesus: "Melchizedek was the savior for angels, while Christ was
only the savior for men."
But there is a solution to this problem in terms of the Sonship
What is this eternal order of Melchizedek?
Exo 19:5 Now therefore, if you will obey my voice and keep my
covenant, you shall be my own possession among all peoples; for all
the earth is mine,
Exo 19:6 and you shall be to me a kingdom of priests and a holy
nation. These are the words which you shall speak to the children of
1Pe 2:9 But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy
nation, God's own people, that you may declare the wonderful deeds
of him who called you out of darkness into his marvelous light.
The existence of a priest necessitates the existence of a religion or
religious order. Priesthood has as a central duty - the offering of
gifts and sacrifices for sin. This is a piece of information that must
lead us to begin considering that Melchizedek had a “religion” and
belonged to a religious “order” prior even to Abram. This religion
evidently worshipped and had the revelation of YHVH. This will be
satisfied with equating Shem with Melchizedek as we discussed earlier.
The Bible says that every priest is appointed on behalf of men to
offer both gifts and sacrifices for sins. (Heb.5.1) Under the eternal
priesthood of Christ, there has only been one true sacrifice for sins,
and that was the sacrifice of Christ, Himself, on behalf of mankind
throughout all ages. There is no other way to the Father. There is no
other sacrifice for sins. If there were, Christ died in vain. Somehow,
then, this must have been part of the religious order of Christ even
in times prior to His actual death and resurrection. (http://www.melchizedek.com/melchizedeq/melqshort.htm
) Since this has not happened Melchizedekian religion looked forward
to this in a way and was far superior to the Hebrew revealed religion,
worship and rituals. We know that this ritual included the communion
using bread and wine. We do not know whether it involved animal
The Order of Melchizedek becomes, therefore, synonymous with “sonship”
under God. Sonship is offered to man as well.
John 1.12 says that “as many as received Him, to them gave He the
power to become sons of God, even to those who believe on His name.”
Salvation is described in terms of being “adopted as sons through
Christ,” (Ephesians 1.5). Once adopted as sons, believers are
described as a “royal priesthood,” (1 Peter 2.9). Therefore, in the
same way that Christ was made a priest through Sonship, so also is
mankind made priests through adoption into sonship through Christ.
The writer of Hebrews describes Christ as having been perfected in
conformity with the Order of Melchizedek. The perfection of Christ is
described as part of the Order of Melchizedek. This perfection is
described in 1 John 3.2 where it says “Beloved,
are children of God, and it has not appeared as yet what we shall be.
We know that, when He appears, we shall be like Him, because we shall
see Him just as He is.” Thus the writer of Hebrews describes Christ as
author of eternal salvation in conformity with the Order of
Even in the original Israelic thought all first born of every family
was considered a priest. They were in fact redeemed against the
"Behold, I have taken the Levites from among the people of
instead of every first-born that opens the womb among the
The Levites shall be mine,
Num 3:13 for all the first-born are mine; on the day that I
slew all the first-born in the land of Egypt, I consecrated for
my own all the first-born in Israel, both of man and of beast;
they shall be mine: I am the LORD."
Num 3:41 And you shall take the Levites for me--I am the
LORD--instead of all the first-born among the people of Israel, and
the cattle of the Levites instead of all the firstlings among the
cattle of the people of Israel."
Thus the system of priesthood based on lineage and heritage came as a
result of the failure of
Israel to give the first born as priests and to a much earlier
understanding where everyone was supposed to be part of the Kingdom of
God in communion with God. When that failed, there came the new
Levitical order. This priesthood continued only as long as the old
order is brought in.