Discarding the possibility of Shem as Melchizedek and Melchizedek as
an earlier appearance of Jesus who stayed with his People as their
King and Priest we have another historical possibility which will
tally with the concept of indwelling of Holy Spirit and Sonship. The
very existence of Melchizedek before Abraham brings up an interesting
situation. Melchizedek was the King of Jerusalem and also the High
Priest to ‘El Elyon’ which means “Most High God” which indeed was a
god of the Hittites and Canaanites of the period of Abraham. This
Most High God is evidently identified with YHVH. The recognition that
Parameshwara was indeed the Most High God is significant. The fact
that Melchizedek was the King of Jerusalem, and also the High Priest
of Most High God, it is evident that the worship of God did exist
before the revelation of God through Abraham and to the Israel. This
pre-Abrahamic revelation of God through people who were non-Abrahamic
is seen elsewhere in the Holy Scriptures.
Amos 9:7 reads: "Are you not like the Sudanese to me, O people of
says the Lord. Did I not bring up
and the Philistines from Caphtor and the Syrians from Kir?'
The important point here to note is the reversal of comparison. Lord
is not saying 'O people of
are you not to me like the People of Israel?’ Instead God is speaking
to Israel and saying they are to him like the people of the Sudan,
Egypt and Philistines, indicating that Sudanese, Egyptians and
Philistines were the people of God before Israel was chosen. It also
indicates that the Philistines and the Syrians were brought to the
Promised Land from somewhere else, just as Israel was brought out from
and given the land. This area is the Fertile Crescent
where we see all these three nations. The Philistines were called out
of Caphtor and Syrians were called out of Kir by God and brought to
land of Canaan. They were there when Abraham arrived there. Is it
any wonder that there were a called out people and a Priest of the
Most High God filled with the Holy Spirit in
The Bible clearly states that God chose people for three specific
purposes: First they are to be a
of Priests to the nations so that they may declare to the rest of the
world the greatness of God.
Ex.19:5,6 'If you will obey my voice and keep my Covenant, you
shall be my own possession among all peoples; for all the earth is
mine, and you shall be to be a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.'
Notice in this promise, everyone in the nation was supposed to be a
priest and a King. But this was conditional – that they obey God’s
voice and keep his Covenant.
Secondly they were to guard the word of God.
R om 3:1-3 Then what advantage has the Jew? Or what is the value of
circumcision? Much in every way. To begin with, the Jews are
entrusted with the oracles of God. What if some were unfaithful
This of course is the major part of the Priesthood. Without the
Oracles, there would be no declaration of redemption.
Thirdly they were to bring forth the Word of God in Flesh, i.e. they
were to produce Jesus.
Israel was rejected by God in carrying on as a special people as they
failed to act as missionaries and they failed to accept their
messiahs. Is it not then reasonable to assume, that God might have
called other people, and must have rejected them for some reason or
other because of their failure? If so Amos' list gives these nations
followed by Philistines and Syrians.
We do have evidence to show that Philistines were God's chosen
people. Philistines, sons of Egypt, son of Ham, son of Noah were
called out of Caphtor (See 1Chr.1:12, Deu.2:23, Jar. 47:4, Amo.9:7,
Gen.10:14) a wreath shaped island in Africa.
Among the Philistines we see Goliath and four of his brothers who are
the children of Anak, who occupied
for it was given to them. God brought them out of Caphtor and gave
them Canaan, the Promised Land if we accept Amos. They gave the name
Palestine to that place as is known even today. Bible however gives
the god of Philistines as Dagon the fish-god while they were a
mountain people at that time. How did this come about? Philistine
tribal memory went on to remember the great leading of God in bringing
them over the ocean. Did God dry up the ocean for them? Or did he
provide fishes to carry them across? With a mighty hand God led them
into the Promised Land. Just as Israel was brought out of
by making a way through the waters.
Israel’s God is a mountain God; Philistines' God was a sea God even
though they were a mountain people when we meet them in
The Fish God was a tribal memory celebrating their migration over the
Some people think that the scales of the Fish in their god are the
structure of corn and they are to be interpreted as a corn god. But
the fish tail is still there. Evidently the sea people became the
agricultural people in
– which came to be known as
- the god of the
Dagon's temples were in Philistine for about 2000 years, although
Baal took over in most parts of the
Dagon is one of the really old gods. The Ras Shamra texts describe
Dagon as coequal with El, who is the most ancient and senior of all
the Semitic gods. Dagon's temple at
Ashdod existed right up until the time of the Hasmoneans Dagon was
portrayed half man and half fish. After entering the Canaan Dagon
became the god of agriculture and fertility. Fish symbolism of Dagon
is still with us in the miter of Popes and Metropolitans.
Note also that Philistines, sons of Anak, were children of the sons of
God as mentioned in Gen.6 and referred to in Num.13:33. God called
these Hamites out of Caphtor in
and brought them and gave them the Promised Land and they ruled from
the capital of
Jerusalem'. Thus Abraham meets with the King of Jerusalem, Melchizedek
(Gen. 14:18, 19) who was the ultimate product of the Philistine
culture. He was the priest of the Most High God. He is described in
Heb.7 as one 'resembling the Son of God', i.e. resembling Jesus. Each
culture could produce what it can. In the meeting of Melchizedek with
Abraham, Melchizedek blessed Abraham and handed over the election to
him. Then on we see the decline of the Philistines, a falling away
from the understanding of the Most High God. We don’t know when
Philistines lost control of
But soon after Abraham the control of Jerusalem went to Jebusites. At
the time of conquest of
the city was also called Jebus. Abimelech, was not the King of Salem
but he was the King of Gerar another Philistine Kingdom probably.
This King of Philistines certainly showed a deep understanding of God.
He even had visions of God and was very sensitive to God's leadings.
(see Gen.20,21,26). The prophet of God still prevailed in the land of
the Philistines and we meet a famous Balaam (Num. 22-23). Otherwise
we will find it very difficult to explain the presence of Balaam. The
God who came to Balaam was none other than Elohim Himself. As the
Israelites entered Palestine the King of Jerusalem was Adoni-zedek
(Jos. 10). Evidently he was a predecessor of Melchi-zedek. But even
though his name includes Adoni, he does not know Adoni. Melkizedek
means King of Justice, while Adonizedec means God of Justice. But he
showed no real understanding of Adoni at all. The city of Jerusalem
was lost to the Philistines and they were in the hands of Jebusites,
the hill people of that time. These probably were a mixed nation out
of all those who were in that territory. (Adonizedek was like Herod in
Judah.) From them David wrenched out Jerusalem.
Thus evidently God called Philistines. There existed a thriving
Community of God with a Priest-King one like the son of God in
Melchizedek was indeed a great prophet filled with the Holy Spirit and
the exquisite flower of that called out nation. For some reason,
which we can only conjecture, God rejected the nation.
God then must have called other people before them as Amos claims.
The first call must have been
Sudan, but they were able to produce only a Lopede, whom they
rejected and God rejected the nation. What was their corruption? We
can only guess. Was it the fall into ancestral worship?
Historical evidence indicates that the Southern Sudanese tribes were
once occupying the
and were pushed back. Probably God led them across Nile into the
Southern provinces, which flows with 'milk and honey', and is an
agricultural land similar in all respects to Palestine. Mawut says,
'The Dinka have experience similar to the Jewish crossing of the Red
Sea. Stories connected with their migration from the east of the
Nile to the west mention such events ...... In a story of Western
migration from the eastern bank to western bank of the
Bahr el Jebel
to Bahr El . Ghazal, a leader of a pursued people , Ajing, prayed to
Shambe that the water should part to make way for his people to
cross. God heard his prayers and made the water part, after which
the Dinkas crossed through a dry river bed to the west.' (see