REVIVAL OF NEW PROPHETIC MOVEMENT
Signs and Wonders
The Third Wave Movement is a Pentecostal or Charismatic movement
that began in the 1980s. It is sometimes called the “Third Wave of
the Holy Spirit” or the “Signs and Wonders Movement.” The name
“Third Wave” was coined by C. Peter Wagner, a professor at Fuller
Theological Seminary. He referred to the movement as the “Third
Wave” because this was the third of three distinct
Pentecostal/Charismatic movements in modern Christianity. In 1981
John Wimber delivered a lecture at Fuller Theological Seminary
entitled, “Signs, Wonders and Church Growth.” From 1982 to 1985
Wimber taught the course, “The Miraculous and Church Growth.”
Prior to John Wimber, most healing ministries were tied to their
leaders. A distinctive feature of Wimber’s teaching was what some
have called the “democratization” of healing. From 1981 onward, a
new “Signs and Wonders” movement was underway with an emphasis on
equipping and empowering the laity to minister in the power of the
Spirit. Wimber’s works include
first wave was the original Pentecostal Movement that began in the
early 1900s with the teachings of Charles Parham followed by the
Azusa Street Revival.
second wave then came in the 1960s with the Charismatic movement. In
the Charismatic movement, Pentecostal doctrines, teachings, and
practices began to spread to non-Pentecostal churches and
denominations. This wave brought increased popularity to the “Word
of Faith” or “Name It and Claim It” teachings that are still popular
Then, in the 1980s, another “movement of the Holy Spirit,”
supposedly characterized by “signs and wonders,” began in the
Vineyard Church with the teachings of Charles Wimber, Mike Bickle,
C. Peter Wagner, Jack Deere, and others. Professor Wagner
characterized this Third Wave as being “a new moving of the Holy
Spirit among evangelicals who, for one reason or another, have
chosen not to identify with either the Pentecostals or
Charismatics.” Also known as the Neo-Charismatic Movement, this
Third Wave of Pentecostal doctrines became very popular and led to
teachings such as the Toronto Blessing and laughing in the Spirit
and being slain in the spirit.
Peter Wagner and his colleague, ]ohn Wimber, have set up a new
denomination with the participation of the Vineyard churches“; here
baptism in the Holy Spirit manifested not only through the
Charismatic classical forms (speaking in tongues and prophecies),
but also through new forms, given by the “liberation of the Spirit”.
The new manifestations included tremor, spiritual ecstasies,
“killing in the Spirit”, animalic sounds etc.“ Wagner and Wimber
have originally named this as “Signs and Wonders Movement”.
A typical example of the new Charismatism is that of the Evangelist
Rodney Howard Brown, who, in March 1993, arrived in the state of
Florida for a week of Evangelism but after several days of work
marked by thousands of conversions and strange events, extended his
stay for 14 weeks. After such a meeting, Randy Clark of Toronto,
Canada, returned to his church wanting to extend these free events.
Thus, in 1994, a new phenomenon called
“Toronto blessing” started
at the Toronto Airport Vineyard Church,
under the leadership of ]ohn Arnott;
the holy laughter, rolling on the ﬂoor,
the animalic sounds, the prophecies and the scheduled healings
became specific for the church near the Toronto airport.
William Durham, one of the early Pentecostal leaders, remembers his
“I was overcome by the mighty fullness of power and Went down under
it. For three hours He wrought wonderfully in me. My body was worked
in sections, a section at a time. And even the skin on my face was
jerked and shaken, and finally l felt my lower jaw begin to quiver
in a strange way. This continued for some little time, when finally
my throat began to enlarge and I felt my vocal organs being, as it
were, drawn into a different shape. O how strange and wonderful it
was! And how blessed it was to be thus in the hands of God. And last
of all I felt my tongue begin to move and my lips to produce strange
sounds which did not originate in my mind.“‘“’
“ Being considered a spiritual awakening phenomenon, the “Toronto
blessing” was repeated in other countries, with hundreds of
thousands of conversions.
A year later, in 1995, another revival movement headed by ]ohn
Kilpatrick was recorded in Brownsville, Pensacola, Florida.
After a while, the initiators of the third wave, Wagner and Wimber,
backed out when they saw where the movement was heading. Their
questions were related to the incongruity between the biblical signs
of a spiritual revival and the exotic uncontrollable signs of the
new kind of Charismatic movement. But it was too late. The movement
had spread too fast and too uncontrollably. This was the signal of a
The new type of Charismatism seemed to go too far. Even those who
were leading the services were often taken aback and questioned
themselves. To justify its direction, Neo-Charismatism was forcing
the biblical text or was separating preferential texts to transform
them into standard promises. Experience was beating exegesis!
Mark 16: - 20 19 After the Lord Jesus had spoken to them, He was
taken up into heaven and sat down at the right hand of God. And
they went out and preached everywhere, and the Lord worked through
them, confirming His word by the signs that accompanied it.
Thus signs and miracles will accompany the declaration of faith in
Jesus and it confirms what is preached by the Apostles and
Gospel message must be received by the hearer which requires
personal affirmations of the Power of Jesus even today in the daily
life. God himself will provide that confirmation through something
the particular person asks for and requires. The function of those
signs and miracles are in themselves that it is personal and not
Issaiah 7: 10-11 Then the LORD spoke again to Ahaz, saying, "Ask a
sign for yourself from the LORD your God; make it deep as Sheol or
high as heaven."
It is this personal assertion and confirmation of the reality of
Jesus in daily life today, that is asserted by the Third Wave
proponents. As with all Pentecostal/Charismatic movements, personal
experience plays a greater role for determining “truth” than does
sound doctrine as propounded by the Church. Tradition and the
transmitted messages of the Fathers form the starting point. The
final choice is always personal. The proof of the pudding is after
all in eating it.
The Third Wave is yet another movement that is based on people’s
experience rather than on doctrines of the church. Proponents of the
Third Wave Movement believed that it would bring forth end-time
apostles and prophets to do greater miracles than were performed by
Old Testament prophets or New Testament apostles. These “new
apostles and prophets” were said to be greater than any prophet or
apostle that had preceded them. This teaching has resulted in many
false prophets coming out of Third Wave churches.
John 14: 11-13 Believe Me that I am in the Father and the Father is
in Me—or at least believe because of the works themselves. Truly,
truly, I tell you, whoever believes in Me will also do the works
that I am doing. He will do even greater things than these, because
I am going to the Father. And I will do whatever you ask in My name,
so that the Father may be glorified in the Son.…
It this work that is promised by the father that is being extracted
by the new third wave proponents. The reaction to these exercise by
the chuch is the same as they had it with Montanus and his movement.
Since its beginning in the 1980s, the Third Wave Movement has
sparked a large number of revivals with new forms of expressions
and experiences. It has also sparked heavy criticism as in the case
Here is the take of those who consider the Third wave as coming from
“Today, God does not give ‘new revelation’ to men.
God is not doing ‘a new thing’.
All knowledge and experiences, all ‘things’ can be found in the
Any knowledge, experience or ‘thing’ that cannot be found in
Scripture is not of God and is not for God’s people.
Any revelation that goes beyond or contradicts or adds or takes away
from what is revealed in the written Word of God is a counterfeit.
Experiences such as being ‘slain in the spirit’ or ‘holy laughter’
or being ‘drunk in the spirit’ are not found in Scripture. This is
well known to those who teach these things. As a result, those who
teach them do not try to defend their teachings with Scripture.
Instead, they look for a ‘new thing’, an experience or revelation
that is outside God’s Word. Because these experiences lie outside
Scripture, they also lie outside the area where God’s Spirit moves.
These experiences thus come from areas where other spirits move, in
There are others who declare that it follows the same techniques of
“Among Pentecostals, Charismatics and Third Wavers, there are many
sincere believers in the Lord Jesus. They love the Lord and seek to
obey Him. Many preach Christ and people are won for Christ. In this
we rejoice. Nevertheless, the Scriptures also tells us to “Test all
things; hold fast what is good.” (1 Thessalonians 5:21). The
Scriptures tell us that there will be a time when people will not be
interested in sound doctrine (2 Timothy 4:2-4). We are to speak the
truth in love (Ephesians 4:15). That is the purpose of this
critique. We rejoice that Christ is preached; but we teach the Word
of God and warn others of the dangers of deception which is
prevalent in these last days (2 Timothy 3:13; Titus 3:3”
Four Features of the Third Wave
Individuals within the Third Wave affirm the validity of charismatic
gifts such as healing, speaking in tongues, prophecy, and
deliverance from demons. In general, however, they do not accept the
traditional Pentecostal emphasis on the baptism of the Holy Spirit
as a distinct experience separate from conversion, nor do they
emphasize speaking in tongues as the “initial evidence” that someone
has received the baptism of the Holy Spirit (as do traditional
So what exactly is the Third Wave movement? The study committee’s
report identifies four distinctive features:
and hearing the voice of God. The Third Wave movement affirms the
ongoing communication of God. Not only does God still speak to
people today, we are able to hear God’s voice (sometimes referred to
as receiving a “word of knowledge” or “word of wisdom” from God).
prayer. The Third Wave movement emphasizes the mysterious but
undeniable ways in which God’s will is affected by the prayers of
believers. The power of prayer lies in its ability to create new
realities, ones which would otherwise not have been called into
existence. The faithful prayers of God’s people are the power to
move the hands of God.
ministries. The Third Wave affirms the ongoing power of God to
provide physical and mental healing. The experience of healing often
occurs in the context of prayer, which provides an avenue for the
power of God to restore broken lives.
warfare and deliverance ministries. The Third Wave movement
emphasizes the ongoing battle between good and evil, recognizing
that both holy and demonic forces struggle to gain influence in our
lives at every level of our experience.
Since 1975, the Vineyard movement has spawned 1,500 affiliated
churches worldwide. Churches in the Vineyard movement are
neocharismatic in nature. They are also rooted in historical
evangelical Christian theology. John Wimber, who took control of the
denomination's leadership in 1982 and served in that capacity until
his death in 1997, set an orthodox doctrinal tone rooted in an
emphasis on connecting with God through worship.
John Wimber (1934-1997)
The Jesus People movement of the 1960s was a spiritual awakening
within hippie culture in the United States, as thousands of young
people found themselves on a desperate search to experience God. Not
finding Him through drugs, sex, or rock’n’roll, the hippies were one
of the subcultures powerfully impacted by ministries such as Calvary
Chapel (Costa Mesa, CA) that arose during this move of God across
The First Vineyard
Kenn Gulliksen, a soft-spoken, unassuming leader with a passion to
know and walk with God, started a church in West LA in 1974, sent
out by Calvary Chapel.
This would be known as the first Vineyard church. Average people, as
well as actors and musicians whose names would be familiar to us
today (Bob Dylan, T-Bone Burnett, Keith Green), were connected with
Gulliksen and the Vineyard.
From Gulliksen’s church, the first Vineyards were planted in 1975.
Believing that God had instructed him to do so, Kenn officially gave
the name “Vineyard” (from Isaiah 27:2-3; John 15:5) to this
association of churches, and led them for about five years. By 1982,
there were at least seven “Vineyards” in a loose-knit fellowship of
John and Carol Wimber, who had become a part of Calvary Chapel, had
a journey with God that was leading them to a convergence
orchestrated by the Holy Spirit.
John Wimber & The Association Of Vineyard Churches
John and Kenn became friends, and in 1982 it was clear that John was
emerging as the leader of the growing network of Vineyard churches.
The official recognition of this transition took place in 1982: the
emergence of what was to be called the “Association of Vineyard
Today, there are 2400+ Vineyards around the world in 95 countries
These five beliefs set Vineyard movement Christians apart from other
1. Church Planting
One aspect that defines the Vineyard movement more than anything
else is the act of church planting.
The Vineyard movement website states, "We believe that the best way
to expand the Kingdom of God is through the planting of local
2. Contemporary Worship
Vineyard Churches embrace a contemporary style of worship in their
This style of worship makes contemporary Christian music a central
element of the worship service while focusing less on traditional
sermons, hymns and prayers — giving it concert-like feel.
A worship leader and band are responsible for selecting songs that
will be played during a worship service.
3. Gifts of the Spirit
Unlike many traditional Protestant denominations, the Vineyard
movement does not believe the gifts of the Holy Spirit ceased after
the time of the Apostles.
One of their stated core values and beliefs is to "be a people of
the Kingdom of God who partner with the Holy Spirit."
Fruits of this partnership include gifts of the spirit like speaking
in tongues, healing, and casting out demons.
4. Clergy Selected From Membership
Pastors and ministers among Vineyard movement Christians are not
trained in seminaries like in many other Protestant denominations.
They are chosen from among members who have served the church as lay
leaders for several years.
Clergy preach with a relaxed style and often wear casual clothing
when conducting Sunday worship.
5. Experience God
Beyond simply reading the Bible or listening to a Sunday sermon, the
Vineyard movement seeks to encourage its members to experience God
in each day of their lives.
Such experiences can be found through participating in various
church ministries or participating in weekday home worship groups.
The third wave phenomena grew out of the normal speaking in tongues
and ectasy which include the Holy Laughter, animal noises, falling
in trance, being slain in the spirit etc.:
WHAT IS HOLY LAUGHTER?
Many churches are reporting spontaneous, uncontrollable laughter
erupting from their congregations, even during times of solemn
ceremony or messages from the pulpit. Some report uncontrollable
weeping, falling to the floor in ecstatic trances, and animal noises
such as barking like dogs and roaring like lions. Some stagger and
reel like drunken people, unable to walk a straight line. For
simplicity's sake, all these have come to be called "holy laughter,"
since laughter is the preeminent phenomenon displayed. In simple
terms, it is physical manifestations in the form of virtually any
expression attributed to absolute control by the Holy Spirit.
Proponents of these phenomena say they are evidence of a fresh
outpouring of the Holy Spirit in response to the people's desire to
see a new sign from God -- the latest in manifestations of Holy
Ghost power, such as took place at Azusa Street in Los Angeles at
the turn of the century. They point to the Welsh Revival, the Cane
Ridge Revival in Bourbon County, Kentucky in 1801, and to [Arminian]
preachers like Charles Finney, to validate today's holy laughter
Opponents say it is either a manifestation of the flesh, at best, or
of demonic spirits at worst. Those who believe it is of God point to
changed lives, deeper commitment to faith in Jesus, huge responses
to the salvation message, a renewed strength and purpose for
ministry, and all sorts of positive results. On the other hand,
there are also reports of demonic oppression, suicidal feelings, and
loss of faith after the holy laughter experience.
Whatever one thinks of holy laughter, it has certainly impressed a
number of well-known personalities within the Christian media
circuit. There seems to be a strong manifestation especially in
word-faith churches, and within the Vineyard movement, as well as
charismatic mainline churches such as Episcopalian and Anglican.
Individuals who have flocked to holy laughter meetings span every
denomination from Baptist to Roman Catholic. But with the Toronto
revival and much of the ensuing “holy laughter” gatherings, the peer
pressure toward self-induced and human-induced laughter seems
great. The introducer often starts saying that the people should
start laughing and soon they will be taken over by the spirit.
This is actually true and is well known that laughter is actually
epidemic. If someone in a group start mimicing laughter soon the
rest of the gathering will join in it. Whether it is from the Holy
Spirit or fron Human Spirit is to be decided only on the fruit.
The signs and wonders Movement - being slain in the spirit, barking,
This has long been a problem, going back to the revivals of John
Wesley where a form of what some thought of as “holy laughter” took
over some meetings. Wesley’s response was that this was of the
devil. However, while preaching, Wesley beheld many cases of people
overcome with groaning and falling to the ground, etc., which he
believed to be, some of it anyway, the work of God’s Spirit. If
laughter comes out as an expression of praise and worship, it is to
Manifestations are never listed as a sign for discernment. The Bible
says that we should discern the spirits through looking at if they
elevate Christ or not. “No one who is speaking by the Spirit can say
‘Jesus be cursed’, and no one can say ‘Jesus is Lord’, except by the
Holy Spirit.” (1 Cor 12:3).
Whether people laugh or shake is irrelevant, what matters is their
teaching and their fruit. And the people at Catch the Fire, IHOP,
Bethel Church and Morningstar preach the full gospel about Jesus
Christ, and their fruit is thousands of people saved and renewed in
Observers with no religious belief might call this falling down or
passing out. lt is a common phenomenon in many evangelistic
crusades, and charismatics and Pentecostals use a variety of phrases
to describe it, such as “being overcome by the Spirit” or “falling
under the power.” lt is not new. During the field preaching of John
Wesley, people sometimes fell to the ground as if they had been
knocked down, and other evangelists saw similar occurrences. In some
cases the people did not move or speak for several hours.
Being slain in the Spirit was very common in the evangelistic
meetings of Maria Woodworth-Etter in the 1880s, and it has also been
associated with Kathryn Kuhlman, Kenneth Hagin, the Happy Hunters,
and others. Those who are “slain” seem to experience a loss of
feeling, and they collapse.
We cannot determine or predict how a person react to the Holy
Spirit. So the actions themselves are not a proof or disproof of
the discernment of the spirit that cause it. It can be faked, it can
be induced by sympathetic resonance reaction or psychological
suggestion. It is all spiritual in its cause.
These types of reaction was known in the ancient religions of the
world. Hinduism has known these through Yoga and uprising of
Kundalini. Thus it is certainly a spirit reaction. If it comes
from the Holy Spirit it will build the believer and bring him closer
a well researched summarised article
gives a good summary of the modern Pentecostal movement and gives a
time chart as follows:
E.W. Kenyon 1886-1948
Father of the Word of Faith Movement
Franklin Hall, William Branham, George Warnock
Fathers of the Latter Rain/Manifest Sons of God/Kingdom Now
1946 Frankin Hall wrote "Atomic Power with God Through
Prayer & Fasting"Gordon Lindsay's "Voice of Healing"
newsletter and Thomas & Evelyn's Wyatt's worldwide radio
broadcasts spread his fasting message.
1946 Frankin Hall wrote "Atomic Power with God Through
Prayer & Fasting"Gordon Lindsay's "Voice of Healing"
newsletter and Thomas & Evelyn's Wyatt's worldwide radio
broadcasts spread his fasting message.
Major Ministers Impacted by Franklin's Hall teachings
W.V. Grant (senior)
Dr. Waltrip (Katherine Khulman's husband)
Word of Faith Movement 1967-1985
Kenneth Hagin starts Rhema Bible Training Center in Tulsa
and is responsible for launching 1,000's of Word of Faith
Churches and Ministries globally. Main center for
propagation of Word of Faith Doctrines
Post World War II Healing Revival Sweeps America & the World
Little David Walker
Buddy Harrison(Kenneth Hagin's son-in-law)
Founder Harrison House Publisher, main publisher of Word of
Pastor of Faith Christian Fellowship Church (FCF).
FCF Tulsa serves as the "covering" for 100's of FCF
congregations worldwide, all of which teach Word of Faith
1947 William Branham's
ministry was beginning to be widely accepted until his death
phrase "Latter Rain"
Kenneth & Gloria Copeland
De-facto leader of current Word of Faith Movemen
North Battleford Saskatchewan
1947 George Hawtin & Percy Hunt run the Sharon Orphanage:
Read F. Hall's book & see Branham's ministry. Fast & Pray
according to Hall's principals for one year and begin to
teach Hall's principles at their Bible School. Elim Bible
Institute also is teaching Restoration at this time with no
apparent connection with N. Battleford.
Other Word of Faith Proponents
Jerry Savelle (Copeland's disciple)
Norval Hayes (Lester Sumrall disciple)
Charles Capps (ordained by Copeland)
Benny Hinn (Assembly of God )
Discipleship/Shepherding Movement 1967-1980's
Derek Prince (Florida)
Juan Ortega (Argentina)
Ralph Martin (Word of God Community)
Covering" concept, Authoritative rule
June 1948 George Hawtin teaches on the Restoration of
Apostles & Prophets to the Body of Christ to the Sharon
Assembly. That same year Israel becomes a nation again.
February 11, 1948, young woman prophesies at great revival
is about to take place at the school
Television Ministries Rise
Trinity Broadcast Network
Paul & Jan Crouch
World's largest Christian television network disseminating
Word of Faith Teachings & Kingdom Now Teachings globally -
showcases Benny Hinn's crusades
Praise the Lord Television Network
Jim & Tammy Bakker
Christian Broadcasting Network
Pat Robertson (Kingdom Now Proponent)
July 7-18 1948 Sharon camp meeting, 1000's attend and the
teachings of the Latter Rain begin to be widely taught among
Pentecostals. Including doctrine of laying on of hands for
Holy Ghost Baptism, Apostles & Prophets, Present Day Truth
concept, Ascension Gifts,
1949 George Warnock begins to teach on the "Restoration of
all things" involved with Sharon Brethren
1951 George Warnock publishes "Feast of Tabernacles" a
manual for Latter Rain Doctrines & Practices
1956 Assembly of God begins to denounce Latter Rain
Doctrines as Heretical and movement dies down
Latter Rain Doctrines Become Prominent Again in Word of
Faith & Kingdom Now Ministries
Some of the Modern Day Prophets & Apostles (Restoration of
the Ascension Gifts)
Kenneth Hagin - Apostle/Prophet
Kenneth Copeland - Prophet
Paul Cain - Prophet (past associate of William Branham)
Frank Hammond - Prophet (largely responsible for Prophetic
Movement & started "School of the Prophets")
Bernard Jordan - Prophet
Rick Joyner - Prophet
Bob Jones - Prophet (Vineyard Church)
Alan Vincent - Apostle
Turnel Nelson - Apostle
efferson Edwards - Apostle/Prophet
Prophetic Movement (1985-1991- ongoing)
Kansas City Five Prophets
Apostolic Movement (1991-ongoing)
Archbishop Earl Paulk
Archbishop Benson Idahosa
Signs & Wonders
Benny Hinn Ministries
Rodney Howard Browne
Toronto Airport Church (formerly Toronto Vineyard)
Rodney Howard Brown
Randy Clark John Arnott (Toronto Vineyard)
From Toronto Airport Church to various churches world-wide
This chart is the property of Rev. R. Liichow ©