AND THEN WHAT?
IN DYING YOU SHALL DIE
Genesis 2:17: “ ‘But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil
you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you
shall surely die’
part translated as “you shall surely die” in Hebrew is
which literally translated is “in dying you shall die.”
The same phrase occurs in Numbers 26:65
God told the Israelites shortly after they came out of
Egypt to go into the land of Canaan and take possession of it They
refused to take possession being afraid of the Anakims. God
says that because the adult Jews (20 years and older) refused to
trust and obey God and go into the Promise Land they will all die
and none (except the two believing) will enter the Promise land.
So, dying they did all die over a period of 40 years.
This would indicate that dying is to be a process.
The process of death started from that very day as a result
of the cursing of the ground. Actually Adam lived 930 years. (2
Peter 3: 8 With the Lord a day is like a thousand years,
and a thousand years are like a day." Thus Adam died
within "a Day" in that sense.)
All living dies as a process. Death
is not an instantaneous event. Each individual cells within the
body have a finite life span.
When they die off they are replaced with new cells by the
life force. There are over 50 trillion cells in the human body.
regeneration process, unfortunately, doesn't continue forever and
is influenced by our lifestyle habits and behaviors.
Each kind of tissue has its own
lifecycle, depending in part on the workload endured by its cells.
adult humans produce their body weight in red blood
cells, white cells, and platelets every seven years" (M.C.
Mackey, "Cell Kinetic Status of Haematopoietic Stem Cells,"
Cell Proliferation, Vol 34 Issue 2 p71, April 2001),
The surface layer of the skin, known as the epidermis, is
recycled every two weeks
The cells lining the stomach last only five days,
it takes only two years for all of the cells of the liver
to be replaced by new ones (Nicholas Wade, "Your Body Is
Younger than You Think," The New York Times 2005,).
The skeletal system takes ten years to renew as
bone-dissolving and bone-rebuilding cells work together to remodel
it (Kirsty L. Spalding, Ratan D.
Bhardwaj, Bruce A. Bucholz, Henrik Druid, and Jonas Frisen.
Department of Cell and Molecular Biology Medical Nobel Institute.
Department of Forensic Medicine Karolinska Institute, Stockholm
Sweden. Cell, Vol 122, 133-143, July 15, 2005.).
Fat cells are replaced at the rate of about 10%
per year in adults. So you could say that on average, human
beings replace all their fat cells about every ten years.
and significantly there are three exception to this decay process:
in the cerebral cortex are never replaced.
There are no neurons added to your cerebral cortex after birth.
Any cerebral cortex neurons that die are not replaced. (Jonas
Frisen, "Neocortical Nerve Cells Are Not Renewed New
Method Shows," Medline News Today, August 15, 2006).
heart cells are replaced at a reducing rate as we age. At age 25, about 1% of
cells are replaced every year. Replacement slows gradually to
about 0.5% at age 70. Even in people who have lived a very long
life, less than half of the cardiomyocyte cells have been
replaced. Those that aren’t replaced have been there since
cells in the
inner portion of the crystalline lens of our eyes.
Lens cells are like skin cells in structure, but are totally
unlike skin in lifespan. The skin renews itself daily; whereas the
lens never loses cells. The lens does add more cells to the
outside of the lens, but the oldest ones inside have been there
since before birth.
As a physicist I see three possibilities for the material world which
made up the body of Adam
1. All process of the material realm was iso-entropic. Adam and Eve
remained youthful as they were created.
It does not mean they never would have had children, not
that there would not be any changes or events in the world they
lived. This I believe was the situation before the fall.
2. All process will follow the entropic increase with every process.
This will eventually lead to death and dissolution of body.
This evidently is the intention of God as he cursed the
earth (material world) in order to relieve man of eternal
suffering because of selfishness that was sown in the human
community and in every living.
My contention is that it was this that introduced the law
that pervades the whole material realm.
3. The final possibility was
everything goes from order to higher order - from glory unto
third possibility of growing into maturity and growing into
fullness as a Son of God was God wanted the Adamic race to attain.
The eating of the Tree of knowledge (to live by his own reasoning and
science and technology) as a definite choice by both Adam and Eve
in disobedience to God's commandment as a The eating of the fruit
of the tree of life after the fall would have made the eternal
hell life for all humanity. In
order to avoid this God threw them out of the garden of Eden and
put a watch over the tree. And then God imposed the entropy
increase law so that Man will die as a result of slow decay.
All living will rest from their toil until God is able to
reverse this law leading to the appearance of the Sons of God and
making of all things as new.
Encyclopedia Britannica, defines death as "the
separation of the soul and the body,"
Medical advances and technology have only made it tougher
to determine when a person is, in fact, dead. In many cases
apparently dead could be revived through CPR and electric shocks.
Two major signs have been breathing and heart beat.
There are three different definitions of
"death" which have been used by the modern medical
Death, and Higher-Brain
"Aging, and eventually dying, is a consequence of the
accumulation of damage to an organism over time. There is wear and
tear on DNA, from chemicals in the environment, or radiation, or
copying errors. Cells may not divide correctly, and proteins can
misfold, leading to gradual deterioration of tissues, or
catastrophic disease and system shutdown. Yet this sorry
progression, has a
logic: “The strategy that nature seems to use over and over is
to let cells and organisms that have accumulated all this damage
die off—and give their progeny a fresh start to go on and
conquer the world.”
“There is no theoretical reason why organisms couldn’t have
evolved to be immortal.”
Fraenkel, Professor of Biological
Engineering at MIT.
no life form has evolved that is
there is a practical reason why sin has produced death. One of the fundamental principle on which the Darwinian
Evolution proponents stand is the idea that humans and all other
organisms are merely ‘survival machines’, designed by our
genes as a means for their own perpetuation. Soon after the fall,
the genes developed self centered organisms as survival machines-
which mean that each life form is programmed to take advantage of
every situation to furthers its own personal needs. They fought
for whatever is necessary for their glory and survival. Fast
reproduction and sexual reproduction were indeed necessary for the
survival of the species as an extension of this personal
competition within the species requires death of older and the
weak to give way to new generation in new environment. So, if the old does not die, the young will kill the old, and
as an extension it goes into all wider domains of existence.
The dominant tribe will annihilate the other tribes if
dominant nation will annihilate or make other nations their slaves
and so on. This is
reflected in the tribal history all around the world.
This is stated clearly as a Darwinian principle- principle
of the self centered organisms of the fallen world.
organism needs to obtain energy in order to live. For example,
plants get energy from the sun, some animals eat plants, and some
animals eat other animals.
food chain is the sequence of who eats whom in a biological
community (an ecosystem) to obtain nutrition. A food chain starts
with the primary energy source, usually the sun or boiling-hot
deep sea vents. The next link in the chain is an organism, that
make its own food from the primary energy source -- an example is
photosynthetic plants that make their own food from sunlight
(using a process called photosynthesis) and chemosynthetic
bacteria that make their food energy from chemicals in
hydrothermal vents. These are called autotrophs or primary
come organisms that eat the autotrophs; these organisms are called
herbivores or primary consumers -- an example is a rabbit that
next link in the chain is animals that eat herbivores - these are
called secondary consumers -- an example is a snake, that eat
turn, these animals are eaten by larger predators -- an example is
an owl that eats snakes.
tertiary consumers are eaten by quaternary consumers -- an example
is a hawk that eats owls. Each food chain end with a top predator,
and animal with no natural enemies (like an alligator, hawk, or
polar bear and man).
“Death is really a great blessing for humanity without it there
could be no real progress. People who lived for ever would not any
hamper and discourage the young, but they would themselves lack
sufficient Stimulus to be creative.”
(Austrian psychiatrist whose influential system of individual
psychology introduced the term inferiority feeling, later widely
and often inaccurately called inferiority complex, 1870-1937)
Plants are for healing
I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the face of
all the earth, and every tree with seed in its fruit. You shall
have them for food.”
Jagadish Chandra Bose
Indian scientist Sir Jagadish Chandra
Bose, from Bengal, began to conduct experiments on plants in the
year 1900. He suggested that every plant and every part of a plant
appeared to have a sensitive nervous system and responded to shock
by a spasm just as an animal muscle does. In addition Bose found
that plants grew more quickly amidst pleasant music and more
slowly amidst loud noise or harsh sounds. He also claimed that
plants can "feel pain, understand affection etc.," from
the analysis of the nature of variation of the cell membrane
potential of plants under different circumstances. According to
him, a plant treated with care and affection gives out a different
vibration compared to a plant subjected to torture. Plant
perception or bio-communication is the idea that plants are
sentient, that they respond to humans in a manner that amounts to
ESP and that they experience pain and fear.
research has shown that plants can respond to electrical impulses,
but their lack of a central nervous system and nociceptive A delta
fibers implies that plants have no feeling of pain.
The theory is dismissed by scientists because plants lack a
nervous system. The
notion that plants are capable of feeling emotions was first
recorded in 1848, when Dr. Gustav Theodor Fechner, a German
experimental psychologist, suggested that plants are capable of
emotions and that one could promote healthy growth with talk,
attention, attitude, and affection.
mythbusters TV series broadcasted experiments in Season
4, Episode 18, 2006 which also came to the same conclusion that
plants have no feeling of pain using polygraphs and other devises.
idea fits in with the classification of Jainism where even within
the vegetatbles there is a hierarchy indicating existence of
several lower dimensions which we are not aware of. In Jewish
tradition the hierarchy divides all life form upto seven levels.
Vegetative life thus falls just above non-living and is the
gateway of life form in the material world.
According to biblical verses they were created to repair
deficiencies of the living and prolong life.
the command of God "the earth brought forth green (דּשׁא),
seed yielding herb (עשׂב(breh)), and
fruit-bearing fruit-trees (פּרי
These three classes embrace all the
productions of the vegetable kingdom.
דּשׁא, lit., the
young, tender green, which shoots up after rain and covers the
meadows and downs (2 Samuel 23:4; Job 38:27; Joel 2:22; Psalm
23:2), is a generic name for all grasses and cryptogamous plants.
with the epithet זרע
מזריע, yielding or forming seed, is
used as a generic term for all herbaceous plants, corn,
vegetables, and other plants by which seed-pods are formed.
פרי עץ: not only
fruit-trees, but all trees and shrubs, bearing fruit in which
there is a seed according to its kind, i.e., fruit with kernels.
הארץ על (upon the earth) is
not to be joined to "fruit-tree," as though indicating
the superior size of the trees which bear seed above the earth, in
distinction from vegetables which propagate their species upon or
in the ground; for even the latter bear their seed above the
will explain why until the flood the food prescribed for man and
beast were vegetables.
word for death in Hebrew is (
mwt) and it is used manily for man (Genesis 25:8) and
animals (Genesis 33:13; Leviticus 11:39). The only mention of ( מוּת /mwt)
referring to a plant is in Job 14:8 were the stump of a tree is
said to die. This is a common objection to the argument that
plants don’t die. However, a closer look at the context of Job
14:8 shows that the tree is not really dead but only appears so
(Job 14:7–9) because it continues to spring forth even after
that with water. Thus in general the Old Testament the permanent
cessation of breathing ls the end of life on earth (Job
34:14–15; Psalm 104:29; 146:4).
in its final analysis according to the Old Testament is the
permanent cessation of breathing and the end of life (Job
34:14–15; Psalm 104:29; 146:4).
which is strictly vegetarian and non-killing religion in the world
has identified plants as two types
or Plant Bodied Jiva:
It is well known that plants grow, reproduce, etc., and they are
accepted as living beings. Trees, plants, branches, flowers,
leaves, seeds, etc. are some examples of plant life. The Sanskrit
term for plant is vanaspati and therefore such jivas are called
A plant life can have one or more souls in a single body and,
depending upon this, plant life is further divided into the
following two sub-categories:
Pratyek means special one. Such plant life have one soul in one
body. Therefore, they are called pratyek vanaspatikäya.
Trees, plants, bushes, stem, branches, leaves, and seeds, etc., are
all examples of pratyek vanaspatikäya jiva.
Sädhäran means common. In such plant life many souls occupy the
same body making this type of plant life multi-organic. Therefore,
such plant life is called sädhäran vanaspatikäya jiva. This
kind of plants life have an infinite number of souls in one body
are called "Anantkäya". Roots such as potatoes,
carrots, onions, garlic, beats, etc., belong to this category.
Nimmo of Centre for
Thomistic Studies, Australia gives the following description
regarding souls of vegetables and animals
vegetative soul is that which gives life to a plant. It is the
lowest soul but not the lowest substantial form. The lowest
substantial forms, which are not souls, are those of non-living
things. The distance between vegetative life and non-living
creation is infinite because it is the difference between be and
be-not (and there is no middle between these). The vegetative soul
is therefore infinitely superior to the substantial forms of
inanimate things (e.g. water, gold, nitrogen). The vegetative soul
is the root or radical principle of the plant's powers and acts:
nutrition, growth and generation. The vegetative soul is formally
one i.e. is one soul and virtually one i.e. has the power of one
soul. The vegetative soul is intrinsically dependent on matter and
returns to the potency of matter when the body fails.
sensitive soul is that which gives life to a brute (animal). The
sensitive soul is infinitely superior to the vegetative soul
because it confers on the animal the ability to know and desire.
Animals are knowers and plants are non-knowers - this is the
difference between be and be-not, an infinite gulf.
sensitive soul is the root or radical principle of the animal's
powers and acts: vegetative functions, senses and sensations,
sense appetites and passions. The sensitive soul is formally one
i.e. is one soul and virtually two i.e. has the power of two souls
- vegetative and sensitive. For the animal has the perfection of
the plant and more. The sensitive soul is intrinsically dependent
on matter and returns to the potency of matter when the body of
the animal fails.
human soul is that which gives life to a man. The human soul is
both a soul and a spirit, but it is not two things - it is one
spiritual soul. Because it is spiritual the human soul is created
immediately by God in the body prepared by the parents - it is not
educed from the potency of matter. The human soul being spiritual
is also immortal and so it lives on after the body dies. The human
soul is not only a principle of life, it is also a thing in itself
- as a spirit - and can thus exist without the body.
human soul is infinitely superior to the souls of animals and
plants because it is spiritual and immortal and has the properties
of intellect and free will. The human soul united with its body is
the root or radical principle of all man's acts, habits and
powers. Because man is both corporeal and spiritual certain of his
powers are organic i.e. belonging to body and soul, and others are
inorganic i.e. belonging to the soul alone. The organic powers
e.g. nutrition, sight, imagination, irascible appetite etc have
organs in the body and fail when the body dies. They are said to
remain radically in the separated soul. The inorganic powers, i.e.
intellect and will, are spiritual and so have no organ in the
body, but continue to exist and operate in the soul when it is
separated from the body at death.
human soul is formally one i.e. is one soul and virtually three
i.e. has the power of three, vegetative, sensitive and