This is essentially a look into the various St.Thomas crosses of the Nazaranee Christians of India,

particularly of Kerala. These Nazaranee Crosses appear all of a sudden around the eighth

century without any previous existence in its current form. Around the same period we see the

formation of the various forms of monotheistic advaitic philosophies and the formation of the

religious forms today known as Hinduism.

This was the end of the Kalabhra Inter-regnum and the occupation of the Vaishnava conquerrors in

the Southern India. Strangely enough, the St.Thomas cross makes a connection with two

theologians who were invited to a special synod in Quilon by the King of the region to deal with

some form of Saivite theology which also culminated in the declaration of faith of the Christian

Church as the symbolic St.Thomas Cross. It also started the age of Malabar Era.

Ever since that time the Nazranee Christians has been using the Cross as their symbol projecting it


I have used only the known properties and history to direct attention to their historical and

theological importance. No claim has been made for originality in that direction. But evidently it

tells a story which is hidden and practically lost.

The question is why did it all start at that historical point and why? Are Manikandan and

ManikaVachagar the key?   Could the Hypothesis by Dr. Burnell  be just the reverse?