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CHAPTER EIGHT

SIX

            
Hebrew letter Vau stand for 6: The Greek Letter Digama stood for 6

Digamma, waw, or wau (uppercase: Ϝ, lowercase: ϝ, numeral: ϛ) is an archaic letter of the Greek alphabet. It originally stood for the sound /w/ but it has principally remained in use as a Greek numeral for 6. Whereas it was originally called waw or wau, its most common appellation in classical Greek is digamma; as a numeral, it was called episēmon during the Byzantine era and is now known as stigma after the Byzantine ligature combining σ-τ as ϛ

 

 To understand the number six, we need to understand the vav - ו,  which is the Hebrew letter representing six. The sixth letter of the alef-beit is the vav. The vav is shaped like a hook (ו). or a peg. A hook is something that holds two things together. This property of the letter vav, in its Hebrew usage, is referred to as the vav of connection. It is normally translated as and which is used to hook heavens and earth together.

 

Vav  is a Nail or peg - a connector

Vav is a connecting letter.  At the beginning of a word it usually means "and".

The first Vav is in Gen 1:1. It is the 1st letter of the 6th word, and connects heaven and earth.

Numeric value  = 6

This is the number of "man"

 It also indicates Jesus ─ the Son of Man.

 Jesus connects heaven and earth.

 Jesus connects the spiritual and the material.

 Jesus connects the unseen world with what we see around us

Number 6 is A Perfect Number

The Pythagoreans acknowledged number 6 to be the first perfect number.

In mathematics a perfect number is when all the numbers divisors (excluding the number itself) are added, the sum equals the number itself. 1+2+3=6

In addition when including the number itself and dividing by two the result is the number itself. (1+2+3+6)/2 = 6

 

Perfect numbers are rare. The Ancient Greeks recognized four perfect numbers: 6 – 28 – 496 – 8,128. Throughout history perfect numbers have fascinated mathematicians and more perfect numbers have been discovered.

 “Six is a number perfect in itself, not because God created all things in six days; rather, the convert is true God created all things in six days because the number is perfect.” Saint Augustine (The City of God)

 

 Six is the number of man, for man was created on the sixth day (Gen. 1:24-31). Man was also to labor for six days before entering into the Sabbath rest (Ex. 20:8-11), and the Hebrew slave was to serve for six years (Ex. 21:2).

 

Again the emphasis of the working for the length of the number "six".  

The Earth and all things were created in 6 days (Gen 1:31-2:2)(Ex 20:11)(Ex 31:17).

 

Genesis1:1 In the beginning God created the heavens and [vav] the earth.

The connectivity of six and the vav is illustrated in the design of an alef - א. The alef is actually made up of three different letters: the letter yud - י above; a yud - י below; and a diagonal vav – ו, or line suspended in between. The upper yod represents the upper world and the lower yod represents the lower world. The vav connects these two worlds.

This vav, the first letter of the sixth word, serves to join spiritual and physical, heaven and the earth, in creation. This teaches us a very significant lesson regarding the meaning of six.

The world was created in six days, the six days of creation. The first word in the Torah is Bereshit (In the beginning) which itself is composed of six letters .- בראשית. Furthermore the Torah clearly states: God created six days. There are also six alefs – א, in the first verse of the Torah. The first letter vav in the Torah is found at the beginning of the sixth word (v’et). So creation is connected to the number six.

Creation was completed in six days
"And God saw everything that He had made, and behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.


 

The Number of Man

 

 
 
The number six is symbolic of man.  
Man was created on the sixth day.
Men are appointed to work for six days and after six days of labor, they are to rest on the seventh day.
The sixth commandment prohibits the murder of man. 
666 - the triple 6 represents the very best human system
of governance that mankind can produce without God under human wisdom and logic or Yetser Hara and Yetser Hatov.  
 

 

 
 
  

The number 666 relates to the carbon atom, and man. Carbon-12; one of 5 elements in the human DNA is composed of 6 protons, 6 electrons and 6 neutrons, which equates to 666. Carbon-12 is the most abundant of the two stable isotopes of the element carbon, accounting for 98.89% of carbon. Carbon forms the major part of human body and DNA encodes life. Oxygen is the life giving component.

Carbon (18%) is synonymous with life. Its central role is due to the fact that it has four bonding sites that allow for the building of long, complex chains of molecules. Moreover, carbon bonds can be formed and broken with a modest amount of energy, allowing for the dynamic organic chemistry that goes on in our cells.

Lucifer is another word for phosphorus. The Latin word corresponding to Greek Phosphorus is “Lucifer.”  Phosphorus (Greek Φωσφόρος Phōsphoros), a name meaning “Light-Bringer”, is the Morning Star. When phosphorus is combined with the other elements and carbon, it forms our very DNA.
 


 

Six as period of labor

 
 

 Exodus 20:9-11 
"
Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: but the seventh day is the Sabbath of the Lord Thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:
for in six days the Lord made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and hallowed it."
Six signified the completion of work days. i.e., in six days, work was complete.
Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.

Man was created on the 6th day (Gen 1:26,31).

God flooded the whole world when Noah was six hundred years old (Gen 7:6,11).

Abraham interceded on behalf of the people of Sodom 6 times (Gen 18:16-33).

Leah had 6 sons (Gen 30:19-20)(Gen 35:23).

The Israelites were to gather Manna for 6 days (Ex 16:5,22,29).

The 6th Commandment is "thou shalt not murder" (Ex 20:13)(Deut 5:17).

A Hebrew slave was only to work 6 years and then be released (Ex 21:2)(Deut 15:12.18)(Jer 34:14).
 
Jeremiah 34:13-14 
Hebrew slaves were released at the end of six years
"...I made a covenant with your fathers in the day that I brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondmen, saying,  at the end of seven years let ye go every man his brother an Hebrew, which hath been sold unto thee; and when he hath served thee six years, thou shalt let him go free from thee..."

 

 
 
The land receives rest at the end of six years. 

Exodus 23:10  "And six years thou shalt sow thy land, and shalt gather in the fruits thereof: But the seventh year thou shalt let it rest and lie still; that the poor and the needy shall eat."

God commanded the Israelites to give their land a Sabbath rest after 6 years of farming it (Ex 23:10-11)(Lev 25:1-7).

The glory of the Lord covered Mt. Sinai for 6 days (Ex 24:16).

The gold lampstand in the Tabernacle (which signified Jesus) had 6 branches coming out of its sides (Ex 25:32-35)(Ex 37:17-21).

Two onyx stones, each with 6 names of the sons of Israel were put on the ephod of the High Priest (Ex 28:9-12).

There were 6 "cities of refuge" in the land of the Levites (Num 35:6,13,15).

 The Walls of Jericho and the Number Six

We read in Joshua, naturally in chapter six, that God gave Joshua and Israel this command regading the conquest of the city of Jericho.;

“You shall march around the city, all the men of war circling the city once. You shall do so for six days. 

Also seven priests shall carry seven trumpets of rams’ horns before the ark; then on the seventh day you shall march around the city seven times, and the priests shall blow the trumpets. It shall be that when they make a long blast with the ram’s horn, and when you hear the sound of the trumpet, all the people shall shout with a great shout; and the wall of the city will fall down flat, and the people will go up every man straight ahead” (Joshua 6:3-5).
Jephthah judged Israel 6 years (Judg 12:7).

When the Ark was being brought to Jerusalem, after the Levites took 6 steps, David sacrificed sheep and oxen (2 Sam 6:13).

There was a giant that had 6 fingers on each hand and 6 toes on each foot (2 Sam 21:20).

Solomon's throne had 6 steps (1 Kin 10:19)(2 Chr 9:18).

Joab remained in Edom 6 months until he had killed every male (1 Kin 11:16).

Evil Queen Athaliah's reign was 6 years (2 Kin 11:3)(2 Chr 22:12).

Boaz gave Ruth 6 ephahs of barley (Ruth 3:15,17).

The Seraphim angels have 6 wings (Isa 6:2)(Rev 4:8 ?).

After 6 days, Jesus took Peter, James, and John up the mountain for the Transfiguration (Mt 17:1)(Mk 9:2).

In the 6th month of Elizabeth's pregnancy, the angel Gabriel appeared to Mary to announce she would give birth to Jesus (Lk 1:26:36).

In Jesus' first miracle, He changed 6 waterpots into wine (Jn 2:6-10).

Mary anointed Jesus' feet 6 days before Passover (Jn 12:1-3).

At about the 6th hour, Pilate said to the Jews, "Behold your king" (Jn 19:14).

When Peter received his vision from God opening the door to the Gentiles, it was the 6th hour (Acts 10:9).

The number of the Antichrist (or beast) is 666 (Rev 13:17-18).

Jephthah (in the East) served six years as a Judge of Israel (Judges 12:7).

The Bible mentions six earthquakes (Exodus 19:18, 1Kings 19:11, Amos 1:1, Matthew 27:54, 28:2, Acts 16:26).

Jesus was accused six times of being demon possessed (Mark 3:22, John 7:20, 8:48, 8:52, 10:20 and Luke 11:15).

On the sixth day of the week, at the sixth hour, Jesus was nailed to the cross. Jesus bought our redemption with His sacrifice. He was the perfect man, brother of Man, the second Adam

Six people,declared that Jesus was innocent of all the charges leveled against him.
Roman Prefect of Judea Pontius Pilate (Luke 23:14),
Herod (Luke 23:15),
Judas Iscariot (after the devil left him - Matthew 27:3),
Pontius Pilate's wife (Matthew 27:19),
one of the thieves on the cross near Christ's (Luke 23:41) and
the Roman Centurion who was at the crucifixion (Luke 23:47).

Six is either 4 plus 2, i.e., man's world (4) with man's enmity to God (2) brought in: or it is 5 plus 1, the grace of God made of none effect by man's addition to it, or perversion, or corruption of it: or it is 7 minus 1, i.e., man's coming short of spiritual perfection. In any case, therefore, it has to do with man; it is the number of imperfection; the human number; the number of MAN as destitute of God, without God, without Christ.

Six represents connection, exemplified by the angels in Isaiah’s vision, who had six wings each  

 

 
 
Isaiah 6:1-3 In the year that king Uzziah died I saw also the Lord sitting upon a throne, high and lifted up, and his train filled the temple. 2  Above it stood the seraphims: each one had six wings; with twain he covered his face, and with twain he covered his feet, and with twain he did fly. 3  And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, is HaShem of hosts: the whole earth is full of his glory.

 

 

six orders of the Mishna.

Six also represents the six orders of the Mishna. Through learning Torah, one connects with HaShem. The six orders are

Zeraim ("Seeds"), dealing with prayer and blessings, tithes and agricultural laws.  

Moed ("Festival"), pertaining to the laws of the Sabbath and the Festivals.  

Nashim ("Women"), concerning marriage and divorce, some forms of oaths and the laws of the nazirite.  

Nezikin ("Damages"), dealing with civil and criminal law, the functioning of the courts and oaths.

Kodashim ("Holy things"), regarding sacrificial rites, the Temple, and the dietary laws.

Tohorot ("Purities"), pertaining to the laws of purity and impurity, including the impurity of the dead, the laws of rituals 

Six and The House of David

Six is a number that is uniquely associated with the Jewish people, in the star of David (Magen David – The Shield of David), a six pointed star:

An existentialist commentary on the Star of David was advanced by the philosopher Franz Rosenzweig in the Star of Redemption, which he wrote on postcards during World War I. Rosenzweig described two interlocking triangles — the corners of one representing creation, revelation, and redemption; the corners of the other representing Man, the World and God.

There seems to be an intimate connection between the number six and the house of David.

Thus a vav was added to Nahshon, hinting that six righteous men would come forth from his tribe, each of whom was blessed with six virtues.
Thus of
David it is written, That is skilful in playing, and a mighty man of valor, and a man of war, and prudent in affairs, and a comely person, and the Lord is with him (I Sam. XVI, 18).
Of
Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah it is written, Youths in whom was no blemish, but fair to look on, and skilful in all wisdom, and skilful in knowledge, and discerning in thought, and such as had ability to stand in the king's palace (Dan. I, 4).
Of
Hezekiah too six virtues are recorded: And his name is called, Wonderful, Counselor, Prince, Mighty, Everlasting father, Prince of peace (Isa. IX, 5).4 Of Daniel it is written, Forasmuch as a surpassing spirit, and knowledge, and understanding, interpreting of dreams, and declaring of riddles, and loosing of knots, were found in the same Daniel (Dan. V, 12). Finally, of the royal Messiah it is written, And the spirit of the Lord shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the Lord (Isa. XI, 2)

Midrash Rabbah - Numbers XIII:11 Another reason why ‘attudim’ is written in full and the other word with a superfluous vav. It alludes to the six sons descended from Nahshon who were possessed of six blessings. They are the following: David, the Messiah, Daniel, Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah.

As we shall see, Ruth, as the progenitor of David, is also intimately bound with six and it’s multiples.

Six In Space

We do know that the number six represents the physical world. The Torah describes the creation of the universe as a six part, six day, process.

The Maharal indicates that six: Connotes being one in the sense of being whole and all encompassing, rather than being part of something else. The concept is illustrated by the six sides of an object (right, left, front, back, top, and bottom) that fully encompasses it:


6 sided cube

Sefer Yetzira of Father Abraham describe the universe as emanating in six directions: north, south, east, west, up, down, from a central point. All physical space and all physical objects have these six dimensions. Six represents completion, because something that is surrounded on all six sides: north, south, east, west, above and below, is complete.

6 AS IMPERFETION IN MAN

 

        

Both Hebrew  and Christian sources believe six indicates "imperfection," "man", or "evil." or Man without the Spiritual connection of the Seven.  For Christianity, this occurs preeminently in the Book of Revelation.  Some Christians believe that 666 is the Number of the Beast. 666 is triple attempt to be perfect by man or creation of its own effort. The significance of three 6s shows eternal imperfection of Lucifer. In the historical context of history of the period of Revelation evidently Nero the persecutor of Christian was ponted to as 666. But its extension to later history is a projection.

There are other referrences to 6, 60, 666  in the Bible all of them indicates trend in gold, money, and also idolatory trends:
 

Solomon's wealth included an annual income of 666 talents of gold (1 Kings 10.14)  

When a remnant returned from captivity to Jerusalem, they included 666 from the people of Adonikam (Ezra 2.13). Adonikam was a noble sent from Babylon to rebuild the Temple - a false priest given to idolatry.

The number 666 is strongly inferred in Nebuchadnezzar's image of gold (Dan 3).
Its dimensions were 60 cubits high and 6 cubits wide, and when the people heard the sound of 6 instruments (Dan 3.5 KJV, NASB) they had to fall down and worship the image. Those who did not were to be killed. So in Nebuchadnezzar's image we see 666 is associated with gold, idolatry and enforced worship on pain of death.

Finally, the world in its current state will exist for six thousand years:

Sanhedrin 97a The Tanna debe Eliyyahu teaches:
The world is to exist six thousand years.
In the first two thousand there was desolation;
two thousand years the Torah flourished;
and the next two thousand years is the Messianic era,
but through our many iniquities all these years have been lost.

The Talmud, the Midrash, and the Kabbalistic work, the Zohar, state that the 'deadline' by which the Messiah must appear is 6,000 years from creation. According to tradition, the Hebrew calendar started at the time of Creation, placed at 3761 BC.
The current (2016/2017) Hebrew year is 5777.
According to classical Jewish sources, the
Hebrew year 6000 
(from nightfall of September 30, 2239 until nightfall of September 17, 2240 on the Gregorian calendar)
marks the latest time for the initiation of the Messianic Age.


 In the Midrash in Pirke De-Rabbi Eliezer comments:

Six eons for going in and coming out, for war and peace. The seventh eon is entirely Shabbat and rest for life everlasting.

Kaballah considers every 1000 years from creation as a day which will end up in the seventh day Sabath during the seventh 1000 years when the Kindom will be re-established as the following table shows

 

 

 

Kabbalah

The Zohar states:

In the 600th year of the sixth thousand, the gates of wisdom on high and the wellsprings of lower wisdom will be opened. This will prepare the world to enter the seventh thousand, just as man prepares himself toward sunset on Friday for the Sabbath.

The Zohar explains further:

The redemption of Israel will come about through the mystic force of the letter “Vav” [which has the numerical value of six], namely, in the sixth millennium…. Happy are those who will be left alive at the end of the sixth millennium to enter the Shabbat, which is the seventh millennium; for that is a day set apart for the Holy One on which to effect the union of new souls with old souls in the world (Zohar, Vayera 119a).

 The tradition teaches that the seventh day of the week, the Sabbath day of rest, corresponds to the seventh millennium, the age of universal 'rest' - the Messianic Era.

The belief that the seventh millennium will correspond to the Messianic Age is founded upon a universalized application of the concept of Shabbat—the 7th day of the week—the sanctified 'day of rest'.

 The Whole Armor of God

(Ephesians 6:10-12)  Finally, my brethren, be strong in the Lord and in the power of His might. Put on the whole armor of God, that you may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this age, against spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places. 

6 The above passage describes six manifestations of Satan's influence over man: |
"the devil's schemes,"
"flesh and blood,"
"rulers,"
"authorities,"
"powers of this dark world," and
"spiritual forces of evil."

3  It also contains three admonitions
"be strong,"
"put on," and
"take your stand".

6+3 = 9 If you add three (Gimel, "important ideas") to six (Waw, "man in his sinful nature"),
you get nine (
Teth, "new life").